Luke 9:21
And he straightly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
9:18-27 It is an unspeakable comfort that our Lord Jesus is God's Anointed; this signifies that he was both appointed to be the Messiah, and qualified for it. Jesus discourses concerning his own sufferings and death. And so far must his disciples be from thinking how to prevent his sufferings, that they must prepare for their own. We often meet with crosses in the way of duty; and though we must not pull them upon our own heads, yet, when they are laid for us, we must take them up, and carry them after Christ. It is well or ill with us, according as it is well or ill with our souls. The body cannot be happy, if the soul be miserable in the other world; but the soul may be happy, though the body is greatly afflicted and oppressed in this world. We must never be ashamed of Christ and his gospel.The Christ of God - The "Anointed" of God. The "Messiah" appointed by God, and who had been long promised by him. See the notes at Matthew 1:1. Lu 9:18-27. Peter's Confession of Christ—Our Lord's First Explicit Announcement of His Approaching Death, and Warnings Arising Out of It.

(See on [1609]Mt 16:13-28; and Mr 8:34).

See Poole on "Luke 9:18" And he strictly charged them, and commanded them,.... Though he highly approved of this their confession, and pronounced Peter blessed upon it; and signified that it was a discovery which flesh and blood could not make, but what was made to him his Father: yet he gave them a strict charge, and laid his commands on them,

to tell no man that thing; that he was the Messiah, and the eternal Son of God, and the true God, as well as the son of man, and really man: the reasons for this: See Gill on Matthew 16:20.

And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Luke 9:21-22. See on Matthew 16:20 f.; Mark 9:30 f. Neither the discourse of Jesus about the rock (Matthew 16:17-19), nor His reproof of Peter as Satan (Matthew 16:22 f.; Mark 8:32 f.), is found in the Pauline Luke, who did not find the former in Mark (see on Mark 8:29). If he had omitted the saying concerning the rock because of a tendency (Baur and others), he could not in the same interest have passed over the rebuke of Peter as Satan.

Luke 9:22. ὅτι] argumentative. Tell no one, etc., since it is the appointment of God (Luke 24:26) that the Messiah, after many sufferings, etc., should attain to His Messianic attestation by the resurrection (Romans 1:4). Thus, for the present, the Lord quenches the ardour of that confession, that it may not interfere with that onward movement of the divine appointment which is still first of all necessary.

ἀπό] on the part of. See Buttmann, Neut. Gr. p. 280 [E. T. 326].Luke 9:21-27. The cross and cross-bearing.21. commanded them to tell no man] For these perhaps among other reasons:-1. Because His work was not yet finished. 2. Because as yet their faith was very weak and their knowledge very partial. 3. Because they had not yet received the Holy Spirit to give power to their testimony. 4. Because the public proclamation of the truth would have precipitated the workings of God’s foreordained plan (prothesis, Ephesians 1:9; Ephesians 3:11).Verse 21. - And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing. It would have been no hard task for the disciples to have gone about with an expression of their earnest conviction that the great Prophet was indeed the long looked-for King Messiah, and thus to have raised the excitable crowds to any wild pitch of enthusiasm. It was only a very short time back that, moved by the miracle of the loaves, the multitudes wished to crown him King by force. That was not the kind of homage Jesus sought; besides which, any such enthusiasm thus evoked would quickly have died away, and a hostile reaction would have set in when the high hopes excited by the idea of King Messiah were contradicted by the life of suffering and self-denial which Jesus sternly set himself to live through to its bitter end. This life he sketched out for them in the severe language of the next verse. He straitly charged (ἐπιτιμήσας)

The word implies an emphatic, solemn charge; its meaning being, strictly, to lay a penalty upon one, and thence, to charge under penalty.

No man (μηδενὶ)

The conditional negative: no man, whoever he might be.

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