Jair
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Jair

Jairus, my light; who diffuses light

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jair

(enlightener).

  1. A man who on his father's side was descended from Judah, and on his mother's from Manasseh. (B.C. 1451.) During, the conquest he took the whole of the tract of Argob (3:14) and in addition possessed himself of some nomad villages in Gilead, which he called after his own name Havoth-Jair. (Numbers 32:41; 1 Chronicles 2:23)
  2. JAIR THE GILEADITE, who judged Israel for two-and-twenty years. (Judges 10:3-5) (B.C. 1160.) He had thirty sons, and possessed thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which like those of their namesakes were called Havoth-jair.
  3. A Benjamite, son of Kish and father of Mordecai. (Esther 2:5) (B.C. before 598.)
  4. The father of Elhanan, one of the heroes of David's army. (1 Chronicles 20:6)
ATS Bible Dictionary
Jair

1 A leader in the conquest of Bashan, probably before the Jews crossed the Jordan, B. C. 1451. Twenty-three cities near Argob were called after him Havoth-jair, which see.

2. The eighth judge of Israel, in Gilead of Manasseh, B. C. 1210. He seems to have been a descendant and heir of the former, Jud 10:3- 5.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Enlightener.

(1.) The son of Segub. He was brought up with his mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chronicles 2:22). He distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and settled in the part of Argob on the borders of Gilead. The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, i.e., "Jair's villages" (Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:30).

(2.) The eighth judge of Israel, which he ruled for twenty-two years. His opulence is described in Judges 10:3-5. He had thirty sons, each riding on "ass colts." They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13; 1 Chronicles 2:23) which formed the ancient Havoth-jair.

(3.) A Benjamite, the father of Mordecai, Esther's uncle (Esther 2:5).

(4.) The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chronicles 20:5).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JAIR

ja'-er:

(1) Jair (ya'ir, "he enlightens" or "one giving light"):

(a) Son, i.e. descendant of Manasseh (Numbers 32:41 Deuteronomy 3:14 Joshua 13:30 1 Kings 4:13 1 Chronicles 2:22 f). According to 1 Chronicles 2:21 he was the son of ScRub, son of Hezron, a descendant of Judah, who married the daughter of Machir, son of Manasseh. He was thus descended both from Judah and Manasseh. At the time of the conquest he distinguished himself by taking the tent-villages HAVVOTH-JAIR (which see). The accounts of his exploit are difficult to harmonize (see ICC on above passages). Some would identify him with the Jair of Judges 10:3, holding that Manasseh's settlement in Northern Gilead and Bashan took place, not before Israel's passage of the Jordan, but after the settlement of the tribe on the West. For a criticism of this view see HGHL, 577, note

(b) One of the judges. He is said to have had 30 sons, who rode on 30 ass colts, and who had as many cities, known as Havvoth-jair (Judges 10:3, 4). One tradition identifies (a) and (b). Others reconcile the two narratives by interpreting the word "son" in a non-literal sense.

(c) The father of Mordecai (Esther 2:5). In the Apocrypha (Additions to Esther 11:2) his name is given as "Jairus" (Iaeiros).

(2) Jair (Qere: ya`ir, "he arouses"; Kethibh: ya`ur; a different name from (1) above): The father of Elhanan, the giant-slayer (1 Chronicles 20:5). In the parallel passage (2 Samuel 21:19) his name is given as "Jaare-oregim," but the text should be corrected to Jair, "oregim" ('oreghim) having crept in from the line below through a copyist's error.

James Crichton

Greek
2383. Iairos -- Jairus, the ruler of a synagogue in Palestine
... NASB Word Usage Jairus (2). Jairus. Of Hebrew origin (Ya'iyr); Jairus (ie Jair),
an Israelite -- Jairus. see HEBREW Ya'iyr. (iairos) -- 2 Occurrences. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2383.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
2334. Chavvoth Yair -- "tent villages of Jair," an area East of ...
... "tent villages of Jair," an area East of the Jordan. Transliteration: Chavvoth Yair
Phonetic Spelling: (khav-vothe' yaw-eer') Short Definition: Havvoth-jair. ...
/hebrew/2334.htm - 6k

2972. Yairi -- descendant of Jair
... descendant of Jair. Transliteration: Yairi or Yairi Phonetic Spelling: (yaw-ee-ree')
Short Definition: Jairite. ... of Jair NASB Word Usage Jairite (1). Jairite. ...
/hebrew/2972.htm - 6k

7056. Qamon -- burial place of Jair
... 7055, 7056. Qamon. 7057 . burial place of Jair. Transliteration: Qamon
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-mone') Short Definition: Kamon. Word ...
/hebrew/7056.htm - 6k

2971. Yair -- "he enlightens," three Israelites
... Yair. 2972 . "he enlightens," three Israelites. Transliteration: Yair Phonetic
Spelling: (yaw-ere') Short Definition: Jair. ... NASB Word Usage Jair (9). Jair. ...
/hebrew/2971.htm - 6k

3265. Yaor -- an Israelite
... an Israelite. Transliteration: Yaor Phonetic Spelling: (yaw-oor') Short Definition:
Jair. Word Origin from ur Definition an Isr. NASB Word Usage Jair (1). ...
/hebrew/3265.htm - 6k

Library

Chronology from Adam.
... Then they served the Midianites 7 years. Then Gideon judged them 40 years;
Abimelech, 3 years; Thola, 22 years; Jair, 22 years. ...
/.../theophilus/theophilus to autolycus/chapter xxiv chronology from adam.htm

Ascalon. Gerar. The Story of the Eighty Witches.
... or parts of Ascalon,"namely, what were within the land, and what without, &c.)
"They pronounced it clean from the authority of R. Phinchasi Ben Jair, who said ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 14 ascalon gerar the.htm

The Healing of the Woman - Christ's Personal Appearance - the ...
... explanation of this history on the supposed symbolical meaning of what they designate
as the fictitious name of the Ruler of the Synagogue - Jair, he will give ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter xxvi the healing of.htm

But on the Death of Gideon, his Son Abimelech...
... After him came Jair; and after he had held the chief place for a like period of
twenty-two years, the people, forsaking God, gave themselves up to idols. ...
/.../severus/life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xxvi but on the.htm

That the Judges who Succeeded Gideon Made War with the Adjoining ...
... went to their own homes. 6. Now it was that Jair the Gileadite, [16] of
the tribe of Manasseh, took the government. He was a man ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 7 that the judges.htm

Miller's views on the Second Coming of Christ.
... Abimelech 3 2853 1304 Judges 9:22.11. Tola 23 2876 1281 Judges 10:2.12. Jair 22
2898 1259 Judges 10:3.13. Philistines 18 2916 1241 Judges 10:8.14. ...
/.../hayward/the book of religions/millers views on the second.htm

The Hebrews and the Philistines --Damascus
... such as Shamgar, Ibzan, Tola, Elon, and Abdon; indeed, some scholars have thrown
doubts on the personality of a few of them, as, for instance, Jair, whom they ...
/.../chapter iiithe hebrews and the.htm

What did Moses Write?
... Similarly the account of the naming of the villages of Jair, which we find in
Deuteronomy 3:14, is quite inconsistent with another account in Judges 10:3, 4 ...
/.../gladden/who wrote the bible/chapter ii what did moses.htm

Thesaurus
Jair (14 Occurrences)
... The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, ie, "Jair's villages"
(Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:30). ...JAIR. ...
/j/jair.htm - 14k

Bashan-havoth-jair (1 Occurrence)
Bashan-havoth-jair. Bashanhavothjair, Bashan-havoth-jair. Bashanhavvothjair .
Easton's Bible Dictionary The Bashan of the villages ...
/b/bashan-havoth-jair.htm - 7k

Bashan-havvoth-jair
Bashan-havvoth-jair. Bashanhavvothjair, Bashan-havvoth-jair. Bashan's . Int. ...
BASHAN-HAVVOTH-JAIR. ba'-shan-hav'-oth-ja'-ir (bashan chawwoth ya'ir). ...
/b/bashan-havvoth-jair.htm - 6k

Havoth-jair (3 Occurrences)
Havoth-jair. Havothjair, Havoth-jair. Havran . ... (1.) Jair, the son of Manasseh,
took some villages of Gilead and called them by this name (Numbers 32:41). ...
/h/havoth-jair.htm - 7k

Havvoth-jair (5 Occurrences)
Havvoth-jair. Havvothjair, Havvoth-jair. Havvoth-ja'ir . Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia HAVVOTH-JAIR. hav-oth-ja'-ir ...
/h/havvoth-jair.htm - 9k

Ja'ir (8 Occurrences)
Ja'ir. Jair, Ja'ir. Jairite . ... Ja'ir (8 Occurrences). Numbers 32:41 Jair the
son of Manasseh went and took its towns, and called them Havvoth Jair. (See RSV) ...
/j/ja'ir.htm - 8k

Havvothjair
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia HAVVOTH-JAIR. hav-oth-ja'-ir (chawwoth
ya'ir "the encampments" or "tent villages of Jair"; the King ...
/h/havvothjair.htm - 8k

Elhanan (4 Occurrences)
... whose spear was like a weaver's beam"; while in the latter we are told, "And there
was again war with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi ...
/e/elhanan.htm - 10k

Havvoth (4 Occurrences)
... Havvoth (4 Occurrences). Numbers 32:41 Jair the son of Manasseh went and took its
towns, and called them Havvoth Jair. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS NIV). ...
/h/havvoth.htm - 7k

Settlements (27 Occurrences)
... with fire. (DBY). Numbers 32:41 Jair the son of Manasseh went and took its
towns, and called them Havvoth Jair. (See NIV). Numbers ...
/s/settlements.htm - 13k

Concordance
Jair (14 Occurrences)

Mark 5:22
Behold, one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name, came; and seeing him, he fell at his feet,
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Luke 8:41
Behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at Jesus' feet, and begged him to come into his house,
(Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Numbers 32:41
Jair the son of Manasseh went and took its towns, and called them Havvoth Jair.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Deuteronomy 3:14
Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and called them, even Bashan, after his own name, Havvoth Jair, to this day.)
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV(

Joshua 13:30
Their border was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which are in Bashan, sixty cities.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Judges 10:3
After him arose Jair, the Gileadite; and he judged Israel twenty-two years.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Judges 10:4
He had thirty sons who rode on thirty donkey colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havvoth Jair to this day, which are in the land of Gilead.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Judges 10:5
Jair died, and was buried in Kamon.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Samuel 21:19
And again there was war with the Philistines at Gob, and Elhanan, the son of Jair the Beth-lehemite, put to death Goliath the Gittite, the stem of whose spear was like a cloth-worker's rod.
(BBE)

1 Kings 4:13
Ben Geber, in Ramoth Gilead (to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; even to him pertained
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 2:22
Segub became the father of Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 2:23
Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them, with Kenath, and its villages, even sixty cities. All these were the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 20:5
There was again war with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Esther 2:5
There was a certain Jew in the citadel of Susa, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Subtopics

Jair

Jair: A Benjamite

Jair: A Judge of Israel

Jair: Father of Elhanan

Jair: Son of Manasseh--Founder of Twenty-Three Cities in Gilead

Related Terms

Bashan-havoth-jair (1 Occurrence)

Bashan-havvoth-jair

Havoth-jair (3 Occurrences)

Havvoth-jair (5 Occurrences)

Ja'ir (8 Occurrences)

Havvothjair

Elhanan (4 Occurrences)

Havvoth (4 Occurrences)

Settlements (27 Occurrences)

Havothjair (2 Occurrences)

Naming (21 Occurrences)

Descendant (32 Occurrences)

Hav'voth-ja'ir (3 Occurrences)

Kamon (1 Occurrence)

Camon (1 Occurrence)

Mordecai (52 Occurrences)

Argob (6 Occurrences)

Geshur (11 Occurrences)

Villages (106 Occurrences)

Ramothgilead (19 Occurrences)

Ramoth-gilead (20 Occurrences)

Sixty (70 Occurrences)

Threescore (87 Occurrences)

Village (21 Occurrences)

Bashan (54 Occurrences)

Jairite (1 Occurrence)

Jaareoregim (1 Occurrence)

Jaare-oregim (1 Occurrence)

Geshuri (2 Occurrences)

Gesh'urites (6 Occurrences)

Geshurites (6 Occurrences)

Tola (5 Occurrences)

Manas'site (1 Occurrence)

Ma-ac'athites (4 Occurrences)

Maachathites (4 Occurrences)

Maacathites (4 Occurrences)

Bashanhavvothjair

Bashanhavothjair (1 Occurrence)

Controlled (20 Occurrences)

Captureth (24 Occurrences)

Threw (133 Occurrences)

Segub (3 Occurrences)

Judah (802 Occurrences)

Region (96 Occurrences)

Havvoth-ja'ir (1 Occurrence)

Manas'seh (123 Occurrences)

Borders (104 Occurrences)

Captured (143 Occurrences)

Gilead (130 Occurrences)

Judges (117 Occurrences)

Towns (450 Occurrences)

Border (233 Occurrences)

Hamlets (38 Occurrences)

Manasseh (140 Occurrences)

Kenath (2 Occurrences)

Jailor (3 Occurrences)

Judgeth (37 Occurrences)

Judge (297 Occurrences)

Locks (29 Occurrences)

Lahmi (1 Occurrence)

Gittite (10 Occurrences)

Gileadite (10 Occurrences)

Geber (9 Occurrences)

Warden (8 Occurrences)

Wardens (2 Occurrences)

Walled (63 Occurrences)

Weaver's (5 Occurrences)

Town (861 Occurrences)

Twenty-two (26 Occurrences)

Twenty-three (15 Occurrences)

Tent-towns (1 Occurrence)

Ramoth (30 Occurrences)

Rode (22 Occurrences)

Riding (30 Occurrences)

Rei (1 Occurrence)

Ra'moth-gil'ead (1 Occurrence)

Realm (23 Occurrences)

Extending (15 Occurrences)

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