Books Of Maccabees
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Books Of Maccabees

Four books which bear the common title of "Maccabees" are found in some MSS. of the LXX. Two of these were included in the early current Latin versions of the Bible, and thence passed into the Vulgate. As forming part of the Vulgate they were received as canonical by the Council of Trent, and retained among the Apocrypha by the reformed churches. The two other books obtained no such wide circulation and have only a secondary connection with the Maccabaean history.

  1. THE FIRST BOOK OF MACCABEES contains a history of the patriotic struggle of the Jews in resisting the oppressions of the Syrian kings, from the first resistance of Mattathias to the settled sovereignty and death of Simon, a period of thirty-three years--B.C. 168-135. The great subject of the book begins with the enumeration of the Maccabaean family, ch, 2:1-5, which is followed by an account of the part which the aged Mattathias took in rousing and guiding the spirit of his countrymen. ch. 2:6-70. The remainder of the narrative is occupied with the exploits of Mattathias' five sons. The great marks of trustworthiness are everywhere conspicuous. Victory and failure end despondency are, on the whole, chronicled with the same candor. There is no attempt to bring into open display the working of Providence. The testimony of antiquity leaves no doubt that the book was first written in Hebrew. Its whole structure points to Palestine as the place of its composition. There is, however, considerable doubt as to its date. Perhaps we may place it between B.C. 120-100. The date and person of the Greek translator are wholly undetermined.
  2. THE SECOND BOOK OF MACCABEES. --The history of the second book of Maccabees begins some years earlier than that of the first book. and closes with the victory of Judas Maccabaeus over Nicanor. It thus embraces a period of twenty years, from B.C. 180 to B.C. 161. The writer himself distinctly indicates the source of his narrative--the five books of Jason of Cyrene, ch. 2:23, of which he designed to furnish a short and agreeable epitome for the benefit of those who would be deterred from studying the larger work. Of Jason himself nothing more is known than may be gleaned from this mention of him. The second book of Maccabcees is not nearly so trustworthy as the first. In the second book the groundwork of facts is true, but the dress in which the facts are presented is due in part at least to the narrator. The latter half of the book, chs. 8-15, is to be regarded as a series of special incidents from the life of Judas, illustrating the providential interference of God in behalf of his people, true in substance, but embellished in form.
  3. THE THIRD BOOK OF MACCABEES contains the history of events which preceded the great Maccabaean struggle beginning with B.C. 217.
  4. THE FOURTH BOOK OF MACCABEES contains a rhetorical narrative of the martyrdom of Eleazar and of the "Maccabaean family," following in the main the same outline as 2 Macc.
Library

About Esdras and the Books of the Maccabees.
... Book XVIII. Chapter 36."About Esdras and the Books of the Maccabees. After
these three prophets, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 36 about esdras and the.htm

The Canonical Books.
... neither with the order of the preceding books nor with one another, such as Job,
and Tobias, and Esther, and Judith, and the two books of Maccabees, and the ...
/.../on christian doctrine in four books /chapter 8 the canonical books.htm

Books not Included in the Hebrew Canon.
... 7. BOOKS OF MACCABEES (Makkabaion a', b', g', d', Machabaeorum libri; ta
Makkabaika, Hippol. in Daniel 4:3; Orig. ap. Eus. HE vi.25). ...
/.../chapter iii books not included.htm

The Manner in which Josephus Mentions the Divine Books.
... because it contains an account of the struggles of those Hebrews who contended manfully
for the true religion, as is related in the books called Maccabees. ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter x the manner in which.htm

Now the Whole Canon of Scripture on which we Say this Judgment is ...
... neither with the order of the preceding books nor with one another, such as Job,
and Tobias, and Esther, and Judith, and the two books of Maccabees, and the ...
/.../augustine/on christian doctrine in four books/chapter 13 now the whole.htm

Appendix. The Apocryphal Books of the Old Testament.
... X. THE BOOKS OF THE MACCABEES. 22. ... 23. The first book of the Maccabees. This
is one of the most important of all the apocryphal books. ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/appendix the apocryphal books of.htm

But it Should be Known that There are Also Other Books which Our ...
... of the writing. To the same class belong the Book of Tobit, and the Book of
Judith, and the Books of the Maccabees. In the New Testament ...
/.../38 but it should be.htm

The Bible Canon from the Fourth Century to the Reformation.
... The list of the canonical Scripture given includes, besides the Palestinian one,
Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Tobit, Judith, and the two books of Maccabees. ...
/.../davidson/the canon of the bible/chapter vii the bible canon.htm

The Maccabees.
... THE MACCABEES. ... Some of these holy books, which had been defiled by paintings of the
heathen idols, were destroyed, by order of Mattathias, after the writing ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson xviii the maccabees.htm

The Samaritan and Alexandrian Canons.
... Baruch succeeds Jeremiah; Daniel is followed by Susanna and other productions of
the same class; and the whole closes with the three books of Maccabees. ...
/.../davidson/the canon of the bible/chapter iii the samaritan and.htm

Subtopics

Books

Books of Adam

Books Of Maccabees

Books Of Samuel

Books were Numerous and Most Expensive

Books: Divine Communications Recorded In

Books: Erasures In, Alluded To

Books: Important Events Recorded In

Books: Made in a Roll

Books: Made of Papyrus or Paper Reed

Books: Made of Parchment

Books: Memorials of Conversation and Conduct of Men

Books: Memorials of God's Providence

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Acts of Solomon

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Ahijah the Shilonite

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Chronicles of David

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Gad the Seer

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Jasher

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Jehu the Son of Hanani

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Nathan

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Natural History by Solomon

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Samuel Concerning the Kingdom

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Samuel the Seer

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Sayings of the Seers

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Shemaiah

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: The Kings

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Visions of Iddo

Books: Not Extant, But Mentioned in Scripture: Wars of the Lord

Books: Often Dedicated to Persons of Distinction

Books: Often Sealed

Books: Often Written on Both Sides

Books: Probable Origin of

Books: The Ancients Fond of Making

Books: The Record of the Church of Christ

Books: Written With Pen and Ink

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