1 Samuel 25:39
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
8085 [e]וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע
way-yiš-ma‘
So when heardConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
1732 [e]דָּוִד֮
dā-wiḏ
DavidN-proper-ms
3588 [e]כִּ֣י
thatConj
4191 [e]מֵ֣ת
mêṯ
was deadV-Qal-Perf-3ms
5037 [e]נָבָל֒
nā-ḇāl
NabalN-proper-ms
559 [e]וַיֹּ֡אמֶר
way-yō-mer
and he saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
1288 [e]בָּר֣וּךְ
bā-rūḵ
Blessed [be]V-Qal-QalPassPrtcpl-ms
3068 [e]יְהוָ֡ה
Yah-weh
YahwehN-proper-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֣ר
’ă-šer
whoPro-r
7378 [e]רָב֩
rāḇ
has pleadedV-Qal-Perf-3ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
7379 [e]רִ֨יב
rîḇ
the cause ofN-msc
2781 [e]חֶרְפָּתִ֜י
ḥer-pā-ṯî
my reproachN-fsc | 1cs
3027 [e]מִיַּ֣ד
mî-yaḏ
from the handPrep-m | N-fsc
5037 [e]נָבָ֗ל
nā-ḇāl,
of NabalN-proper-ms
853 [e]וְאֶת־
wə-’eṯ-
andConj-w | DirObjM
5650 [e]עַבְדּוֹ֙
‘aḇ-dōw
His servantN-msc | 3ms
2820 [e]חָשַׂ֣ךְ
ḥā-śaḵ
has keptV-Qal-Perf-3ms
7451 [e]מֵֽרָעָ֔ה
mê-rā-‘āh,
from evilPrep-m | Adj-fs
853 [e]וְאֵת֙
wə-’êṯ
forConj-w | DirObjM
7451 [e]רָעַ֣ת
rā-‘aṯ
the wickednessN-fsc
5037 [e]נָבָ֔ל
nā-ḇāl,
of NabalN-proper-ms
7725 [e]הֵשִׁ֥יב
hê-šîḇ
has returnedV-Hifil-Perf-3ms
3068 [e]יְהוָ֖ה
Yah-weh
YahwehN-proper-ms
7218 [e]בְּרֹאשׁ֑וֹ
bə-rō-šōw;
on his own headPrep-b | N-msc | 3ms
7971 [e]וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח
way-yiš-laḥ
And sentConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
1732 [e]דָּוִד֙
dā-wiḏ
DavidN-proper-ms
1696 [e]וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר
way-ḏab-bêr
and proposedConj-w | V-Piel-ConsecImperf-3ms
26 [e]בַּאֲבִיגַ֔יִל
ba-’ă-ḇî-ḡa-yil,
to AbigailPrep-b | N-proper-fs
3947 [e]לְקַחְתָּ֥הּ
lə-qaḥ-tāh
to take herPrep-l | V-Qal-Inf | 3fs
  ל֖וֹ
lōw
to herPrep | 3ms
802 [e]לְאִשָּֽׁה׃
lə-’iš-šāh.
as his wifePrep-l | N-fs









Hebrew Texts
שמואל א 25:39 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע דָּוִד֮ כִּ֣י מֵ֣ת נָבָל֒ וַיֹּ֡אמֶר בָּר֣וּךְ יְהוָ֡ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָב֩ אֶת־רִ֨יב חֶרְפָּתִ֜י מִיַּ֣ד נָבָ֗ל וְאֶת־עַבְדֹּו֙ חָשַׂ֣ךְ מֵֽרָעָ֔ה וְאֵת֙ רָעַ֣ת נָבָ֔ל הֵשִׁ֥יב יְהוָ֖ה בְּרֹאשֹׁ֑ו וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח דָּוִד֙ וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר בַּאֲבִיגַ֔יִל לְקַחְתָּ֥הּ לֹ֖ו לְאִשָּֽׁה׃

שמואל א 25:39 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישמע דוד כי מת נבל ויאמר ברוך יהוה אשר רב את־ריב חרפתי מיד נבל ואת־עבדו חשך מרעה ואת רעת נבל השיב יהוה בראשו וישלח דוד וידבר באביגיל לקחתה לו לאשה׃

שמואל א 25:39 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישמע דוד כי מת נבל ויאמר ברוך יהוה אשר רב את־ריב חרפתי מיד נבל ואת־עבדו חשך מרעה ואת רעת נבל השיב יהוה בראשו וישלח דוד וידבר באביגיל לקחתה לו לאשה׃

שמואל א 25:39 Hebrew Bible
וישמע דוד כי מת נבל ויאמר ברוך יהוה אשר רב את ריב חרפתי מיד נבל ואת עבדו חשך מרעה ואת רעת נבל השיב יהוה בראשו וישלח דוד וידבר באביגיל לקחתה לו לאשה׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, "Blessed be the LORD, who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and has kept back His servant from evil. The LORD has also returned the evildoing of Nabal on his own head." Then David sent a proposal to Abigail, to take her as his wife.

King James Bible
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, "Praise the LORD who championed my cause against Nabal's insults and restrained His servant from doing evil. The LORD brought Nabal's evil deeds back on his own head." Then David sent messengers to speak to Abigail about marrying him.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Blessed

1 Samuel 25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which …

Judges 5:2 Praise you the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly …

2 Samuel 22:47-49 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of …

Psalm 58:10,11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall …

Revelation 19:1-4 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, …

pleaded

Proverbs 22:23 For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those …

Lamentations 3:58-60 O LORD, you have pleaded the causes of my soul; you have redeemed my life…

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against …

kept his servant

1 Samuel 25:26,34 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, …

Hosea 2:6,7 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and make …

2 Corinthians 13:7 Now I pray to God that you do no evil; not that we should appear …

1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly…

2 Timothy 4:18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve …

hath returned

2 Samuel 3:28,29 And afterward when David heard it, he said…

1 Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, You know all the wickedness which …

Esther 7:10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. …

Psalm 7:16 His mischief shall return on his own head, and his violent dealing …

to take her It is probable that David had heard that Saul, to cut off his pretensions to the throne, had married Michal to Phalti; and this justified him in taking Abigail, it not being then unlawful for a man to have several wives. This conduct of David's corresponds with the manner in which the oriental princes generally form their matrimonial alliances. `The king of Abyssinia,' says Mr. Bruce, `sends an officer to the house where the lady lives, who announces to her that it is the king's pleasure she should remove instantly to the palace. She then dresses herself in the best manner, and immediately obeys. Thenceforward he assigns her an apartment in the palace, and gives her a house in any part she chooses.'

Proverbs 18:22 Whoever finds a wife finds a good thing, and obtains favor of the LORD.

Proverbs 19:14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife …

Proverbs 31:10,30 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies…

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1 Samuel 25:38
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