And all the meat offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and in the pan…
At the conclusion of the instructions concerning the trespass offering, we have a few directions concerning the meat offering (verses 9, 10). Whatever of it was dressed was to be given to the priest that offered it, to be consumed by himself and his family. But that "mingled with oil, and dry" was to be divided amongst the sons of Aaron. The reason appears to be economical. What was prepared would not keep, and was therefore to be consumed at once; that which would keep was to be divided, to be used according to convenience. The God of grace is also the God of providence. And his providence is especially concerned for those who seek his grace. After these notes, the law of the sacrifice of the peace offering is formally considered.
I. THE PEACE OFFERING OF THANKSGIVING.
1. There is fitness in this association.
(1) The peace offering has its name, שׁלמים (shelamim), from שׁלם (shalem), to complete or make whole. It was instituted to express the manner in which our breaches of the covenant are made up by Christ. How the variance between God and man is composed through his atoning sacrifice!
(2) What, then, more fitting than that we should express our thankfulness to God in connection with the peace offering? Praise breaks spontaneously from the heart that is "reconciled to God through the death of his Son" (see Isaiah 12:1).
2. A bread offering accompanied this.
(1) One portion of this bread offering was unleavened (verse 12). This portion was presented upon the altar. As leaven symbolized evil dispositions, no trace of it should be found in anything that touched God's altar (Leviticus 2:11).
(2) But the other portion was leavened (verse 13). This portion was eaten by the worshipper, and expressed that he had evil dispositions that needed purging out. What a difference there is between the holy God and sinful man! What a merciful provision is that of the gospel of peace, that reconciles sinners to God!
II. THE THANKSGIVING IN THE HEAVE OFFERING. (Verses 14, 15.)
1. This was taken from the whole oblation.
(1) The word for oblation, משּׂאת (masseath), denotes that which is borne or carried, from נשׂא (nasa), to bear or carry. It generally describes anything which was carried to the temple to be offered to God. It also expresses the design of all sacrifices to be the carrying or bearing of sin (see Exodus 28:38; also Leviticus 10:17; Leviticus 16:21).
(2) In the offerings of the Law this was typical; but in the offering of Christ real (see Isaiah 53:4, 12; John 1:29, margin; 1 Peter 2:24).
(3) From the number of these typical sin-bearers borne to the temple, the heave offering was to be taken. It was a representative of the whole of them, and suggested that what was specifically expressed in it might be predicated of any of them.
2. It was lifted up in faith and gratitude to God.
(1) The heave offering had its name, תרומה (terumah), from רם (rum, to lift up), because it was lifted up, viz. toward heaven, by the priest.
(2) This action expressed thankfulness to the source whence all blessings come to us, and especially those of redemption. Christ is the "Lord from heaven," the "heavenly gift" of a gracious Father (see John 3:13, 16, 31; John 4:10; John 6:32, 33; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Hebrews 6:4).
3. It became the priest's who sprinkled the blood of the peace offering.
(1) Those who make their peace with God through the blood of the cross not only offer thanks, but enjoy the blessings of thanksgiving. Thus a grateful heart is a" continual feast."
(2) It was eaten the same day that it was offered. In the very act of thanksgiving to God for his blessings we are blessed. Those who in everything "give thanks" can "rejoice evermore "(1 Thessalonians 5:16-18).
(3) It was shared by the priest in his own community (see Numbers 18:8, 11, 18, 19). Shared domestically. Shared religiously. The stranger had no part nor lot in the matter. - J.A.M.
Parallel VersesKJV: And all the meat offering that is baken in the oven, and all that is dressed in the fryingpan, and in the pan, shall be the priest's that offereth it.