Psalm 78:56
Strong's Lexicon
But they tested
וַיְנַסּ֣וּ (way·nas·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5254: 1) to test, try, prove, tempt, assay, put to the proof or test 1a) (Piel) 1a1) to test, try 1a2) to attempt, assay, try 1a3) to test, try, prove, tempt

and disobeyed
וַ֭יַּמְרוּ (way·yam·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4784: 1) to be contentious, be rebellious, be refractory, be disobedient towards, be rebellious against 1a) (Qal) to be disobedient, be rebellious 1a1) towards father 1a2) towards God 1b) (Hiphil) to show rebelliousness, show disobedience, disobey

אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: 1) sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative

God
אֱלֹהִ֣ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: 1) (plural) 1a) rulers, judges 1b) divine ones 1c) angels 1d) gods 2) (plural intensive-singular meaning) 2a) god, goddess 2b) godlike one 2c) works or special possessions of God 2d) the (true) God 2e) God

Most High,
עֶלְי֑וֹן (‘el·yō·wn)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5945: adj 1) high, upper 1a) of Davidic king exalted above monarchs n m 2) Highest, Most High 2a) name of God 2b) of rulers, either monarchs or angel-princes

for they did not
לֹ֣א ()
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: 1) not, no 1a) not (with verb-absolute prohibition) 1b) not (with modifier-negation) 1c) nothing (subst) 1d) without (with particle) 1e) before (of time)

keep
שָׁמָֽרוּ׃ (šā·mā·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8104: 1) to keep, guard, observe, give heed 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to keep, have charge of 1a2) to keep, guard, keep watch and ward, protect, save life 1a2a) watch, watchman (participle) 1a3) to watch for, wait for 1a4) to watch, observe 1a5) to keep, retain, treasure up (in memory) 1a6) to keep (within bounds), restrain 1a7) to observe, celebrate, keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), perform (vow) 1a8) to keep, preserve, protect 1a9) to keep, reserve 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to be on one's guard, take heed, take care, beware 1b2) to keep oneself, refrain, abstain 1b3) to be kept, be guarded 1c) (Piel) to keep, pay heed 1d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

His decrees.
וְ֝עֵדוֹתָ֗יו (wə·‘ê·ḏō·w·ṯāw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5713: 1) testimony, witness 1a) always plural and always of laws as divine testimonies

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they rebelliously tested the Most High God, for they did not keep His decrees.

New American Standard Bible
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God And did not keep His testimonies,

King James Bible
Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But they put God to the test and rebelled against the Most High; they did not keep his statutes.

New Living Translation
But they kept testing and rebelling against God Most High. They did not obey his laws.

English Standard Version
Yet they tested and rebelled against the Most High God and did not keep his testimonies,

New American Standard Bible
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God And did not keep His testimonies,

King James Bible
Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they rebelliously tested the Most High God, for they did not keep His decrees.

International Standard Version
But they tested the Most High God by rebelling against him, and they did not obey his statutes.

NET Bible
Yet they challenged and defied the sovereign God, and did not obey his commands.

American Standard Version
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God, And kept not his testimonies;

English Revised Version
Yet they tempted and rebelled against the Most High God, and kept not his testimonies;

Young's Literal Translation
And they tempt and provoke God Most High, And His testimonies have not kept.






Cross References
Exodus 23:21
Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.

Judges 2:11
And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:

1 Samuel 4:11
And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.

Psalm 78:18
And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

Psalm 78:40
How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

Psalm 1:1
Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

Psalm 78:55
He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.

Psalm 78:54
And he brought them to the border of his sanctuary, even to this mountain, which his right hand had purchased.

Psalm 78:53
And he led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.

Psalm 78:57
But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow.

Psalm 78:58
For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.
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