Genesis 15:12
Strong's Lexicon
As the sun
הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ (haš·še·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: 1) sun 1a) sun 1b) sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction) 1c) sun (as object of illicit worship) 1d) openly, publicly (in other phrases) 1e) pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

was
וַיְהִ֤י (way·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: 1) to be, become, come to pass, exist, happen, fall out 1a) (Qal) 1a1) ----- 1a1a) to happen, fall out, occur, take place, come about, come to pass 1a1b) to come about, come to pass 1a2) to come into being, become 1a2a) to arise, appear, come 1a2b) to become 1a2b1) to become 1a2b2) to become like 1a2b3) to be instituted, be established 1a3) to be 1a3a) to exist, be in existence 1a3b) to abide, remain, continue (with word of place or time) 1a3c) to stand, lie, be in, be at, be situated (with word of locality) 1a3d) to accompany, be with 1b) (Niphal) 1b1) to occur, come to pass, be done, be brought about 1b2) to be done, be finished, be gone

setting,
לָב֔וֹא (lā·ḇō·w)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 935: 1) to go in, enter, come, go, come in 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to enter, come in 1a2) to come 1a2a) to come with 1a2b) to come upon, fall or light upon, attack (enemy) 1a2c) to come to pass 1a3) to attain to 1a4) to be enumerated 1a5) to go 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to lead in 1b2) to carry in 1b3) to bring in, cause to come in, gather, cause to come, bring near, bring against, bring upon 1b4) to bring to pass 1c) (Hophal) 1c1) to be brought, brought in 1c2) to be introduced, be put

Abram
אַבְרָ֑ם (’aḇ·rām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 87: Abram = 'exalted father' 1) original name of Abraham

fell
נָפְלָ֣ה (nā·p̄ə·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5307: 1) to fall, lie, be cast down, fail 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to fall 1a2) to fall (of violent death) 1a3) to fall prostrate, prostrate oneself before 1a4) to fall upon, attack, desert, fall away to, go away to, fall into the hand of 1a5) to fall short, fail, fall out, turn out, result 1a6) to settle, waste away, be offered, be inferior to 1a7) to lie, lie prostrate 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to cause to fall, fell, throw down, knock out, lay prostrate 1b2) to overthrow 1b3) to make the lot fall, assign by lot, apportion by lot 1b4) to let drop, cause to fail (fig.) 1b5) to cause to fall 1c) (Hithpael) 1c1) to throw or prostrate oneself, throw oneself upon 1c2) to lie prostrate, prostrate oneself 1d) (Pilel) to fall

into
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: prep 1) upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against 1a) upon, on the ground of, on the basis of, on account of, because of, therefore, on behalf of, for the sake of, for, with, in spite of, notwithstanding, concerning, in the matter of, as regards 1b) above, beyond, over (of excess) 1c) above, over (of elevation or pre-eminence) 1d) upon, to, over to, unto, in addition to, together with, with (of addition) 1e) over (of suspension or extension) 1f) by, adjoining, next, at, over, around (of contiguity or proximity) 1g) down upon, upon, on, from, up upon, up to, towards, over towards, to, against (with verbs of motion) 1h) to (as a dative) conj 2) because that, because, notwithstanding, although

a deep sleep,
וְתַרְדֵּמָ֖ה (wə·ṯar·dê·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8639: 1) deep sleep, trance

and suddenly
וְהִנֵּ֥ה (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: 1) behold, lo, see, if

great
גְדֹלָ֖ה (ḡə·ḏō·lāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: adj 1) great 1a) large (in magnitude and extent) 1b) in number 1c) in intensity 1d) loud (in sound) 1e) older (in age) 1f) in importance 1f1) important things 1f2) great, distinguished (of men) 1f3) God Himself (of God) subst 1g) great things 1h) haughty things 1i) greatness n pr m 1j) (CLBL) Haggedolim, the great man?, father of Zabdiel

terror
אֵימָ֛ה (’ê·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 367: 1) terror, dread

and darkness
חֲשֵׁכָ֥ה (ḥă·šê·ḵāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2825: 1) darkness

overwhelmed
נֹפֶ֥לֶת (nō·p̄e·leṯ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5307: 1) to fall, lie, be cast down, fail 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to fall 1a2) to fall (of violent death) 1a3) to fall prostrate, prostrate oneself before 1a4) to fall upon, attack, desert, fall away to, go away to, fall into the hand of 1a5) to fall short, fail, fall out, turn out, result 1a6) to settle, waste away, be offered, be inferior to 1a7) to lie, lie prostrate 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to cause to fall, fell, throw down, knock out, lay prostrate 1b2) to overthrow 1b3) to make the lot fall, assign by lot, apportion by lot 1b4) to let drop, cause to fail (fig.) 1b5) to cause to fall 1c) (Hithpael) 1c1) to throw or prostrate oneself, throw oneself upon 1c2) to lie prostrate, prostrate oneself 1d) (Pilel) to fall

him.
עָלָֽיו׃ (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: prep 1) upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against 1a) upon, on the ground of, on the basis of, on account of, because of, therefore, on behalf of, for the sake of, for, with, in spite of, notwithstanding, concerning, in the matter of, as regards 1b) above, beyond, over (of excess) 1c) above, over (of elevation or pre-eminence) 1d) upon, to, over to, unto, in addition to, together with, with (of addition) 1e) over (of suspension or extension) 1f) by, adjoining, next, at, over, around (of contiguity or proximity) 1g) down upon, upon, on, from, up upon, up to, towards, over towards, to, against (with verbs of motion) 1h) to (as a dative) conj 2) because that, because, notwithstanding, although

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
As the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell on Abram, and suddenly great terror and darkness descended on him.

New American Standard Bible
Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror [and] great darkness fell upon him.

King James Bible
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.
Parallel Verses
New International Version
As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him.

New Living Translation
As the sun was going down, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a terrifying darkness came down over him.

English Standard Version
As the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram. And behold, dreadful and great darkness fell upon him.

New American Standard Bible
Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, terror and great darkness fell upon him.

King James Bible
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell on Abram, and suddenly great terror and darkness descended on him.

International Standard Version
As the sun began to set, Abram was overcome with deep sleep, and suddenly a frightening and terrifying darkness descended on him.

NET Bible
When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, and great terror overwhelmed him.

American Standard Version
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, a horror of great darkness fell upon him.

English Revised Version
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Young's Literal Translation
And the sun is about to go in, and deep sleep hath fallen upon Abram, and lo, a terror of great darkness is falling upon him;






Cross References
Genesis 2:21
And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;

Genesis 15:11
And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

Genesis 28:11
And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.

1 Samuel 26:12
So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them.

Job 33:15
In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed;

Daniel 10:9
Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground.

Genesis 1:1
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Genesis 15:10
And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

Genesis 15:9
And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

Genesis 15:13
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Genesis 15:14
And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.
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