Exodus 23:7
Strong's Lexicon
Stay far away
תִּרְחָ֑ק (tir·ḥāq)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7368: v 1) to be or become far, be or become distant, be removed, go far away 1a) (Qal) to be far, be distant 1b) (Piel) to send far away, extend 1c) (Hiphil) 1c1) to make or exhibit distance, be gone far 1c2) to remove, put far away 2) (Niphal) loose v inf (as adv) 3) at a distance

from a false
שֶׁ֖קֶר (še·qer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8267: 1) lie, deception, disappointment, falsehood 1a) deception (what deceives or disappoints or betrays one) 1b) deceit, fraud, wrong 1b1) fraudulently, wrongfully (as adverb) 1c) falsehood (injurious in testimony) 1c1) testify falsehood, false oath, swear falsely 1d) falsity (of false or self-deceived prophets) 1e) lie, falsehood (in general) 1e1) false tongue 1f) in vain

accusation.
מִדְּבַר־ (mid·də·ḇar-)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: 1) speech, word, speaking, thing 1a) speech 1b) saying, utterance 1c) word, words 1d) business, occupation, acts, matter, case, something, manner (by extension)

Do not
אַֽל־ (’al-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 408: 1) not, no, nor, neither, nothing (as wish or preference) 1a) do not, let not (with a verb) 1b) let there not be (with a verb understood) 1c) not, no (with substantive) 1d) nothing (as substantive)

kill
תַּהֲרֹ֔ג (ta·hă·rōḡ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2026: 1) to kill, slay, murder, destroy, murderer, slayer, out of hand 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to kill, slay 1a2) to destroy, ruin 1b) (Niphal) to be killed 1c) (Pual) to be killed, be slain

the innocent
וְנָקִ֤י (wə·nā·qî)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5355: 1) clean, free from, exempt, clear, innocent 1a) free from guilt, clean, innocent 1b) free from punishment 1c) free or exempt from obligations 2) innocent

and the just,
וְצַדִּיק֙ (wə·ṣad·dîq)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6662: 1) just, lawful, righteous 1a) just, righteous (in government) 1b) just, right (in one's cause) 1c) just, righteous (in conduct and character) 1d) righteous (as justified and vindicated by God) 1e) right, correct, lawful

for
כִּ֥י ()
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: 1) that, for, because, when, as though, as, because that, but, then, certainly, except, surely, since 1a) that 1a1) yea, indeed 1b) when (of time) 1b1) when, if, though (with a concessive force) 1c) because, since (causal connection) 1d) but (after negative) 1e) that if, for if, indeed if, for though, but if 1f) but rather, but 1g) except that 1h) only, nevertheless 1i) surely 1j) that is 1k) but if 1l) for though 1m) forasmuch as, for therefore

I will not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: 1) not, no 1a) not (with verb-absolute prohibition) 1b) not (with modifier-negation) 1c) nothing (subst) 1d) without (with particle) 1e) before (of time)

acquit
אַצְדִּ֖יק (’aṣ·dîq)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6663: 1) to be just, be righteous 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to have a just cause, be in the right 1a2) to be justified 1a3) to be just (of God) 1a4) to be just, be righteous (in conduct and character) 1b) (Niphal) to be put or made right, be justified 1c) (Piel) justify, make to appear righteous, make someone righteous 1d) (Hiphil) 1d1) to do or bring justice (in administering law) 1d2) to declare righteous, justify 1d3) to justify, vindicate the cause of, save 1d4) to make righteous, turn to righteousness 1e) (Hithpael) to justify oneself

the guilty.
רָשָֽׁע׃ (rā·šā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7563: 1) wicked, criminal 1a) guilty one, one guilty of crime (subst) 1b) wicked (hostile to God) 1c) wicked, guilty of sin (against God or man)

Parallel Strong's
Holman Christian Standard Bible
Stay far away from a false accusation. Do not kill the innocent and the just, because I will not justify the guilty.

New American Standard Bible
"Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent or the righteous, for I will not acquit the guilty.

King James Bible
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty.

New Living Translation
"Be sure never to charge anyone falsely with evil. Never sentence an innocent or blameless person to death, for I never declare a guilty person to be innocent.

English Standard Version
Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and righteous, for I will not acquit the wicked.

New American Standard Bible
"Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent or the righteous, for I will not acquit the guilty.

King James Bible
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Stay far away from a false accusation. Do not kill the innocent and the just, because I will not justify the guilty.

International Standard Version
Stay far away from a false charge, and don't kill the innocent or the righteous, because I won't acquit the guilty.

NET Bible
Keep your distance from a false charge--do not kill the innocent and the righteous, for I will not justify the wicked.

American Standard Version
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

English Revised Version
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

Young's Literal Translation
from a false matter thou dost keep far off, and an innocent and righteous man thou dost not slay; for I do not justify a wicked man.






Cross References
Romans 1:18
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;

Ephesians 4:25
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.

Genesis 18:23
And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

Exodus 20:13
Thou shalt not kill.

Exodus 20:16
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Exodus 34:7
Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

Leviticus 19:16
Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 25:1
If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that the judges may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked.

Deuteronomy 27:25
Cursed be he that taketh reward to slay an innocent person. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Psalm 94:21
They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.

Psalm 119:29
Remove from me the way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.
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