Romans 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about--but not before God.

King James Bible
For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

Darby Bible Translation
For if Abraham has been justified on the principle of works, he has whereof to boast: but not before God;

World English Bible
For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not toward God.

Young's Literal Translation
for if Abraham by works was declared righteous, he hath to boast -- but not before God;

Romans 4:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For if Abraham were justified by works - The Jew proceeds: - I conclude, therefore, that Abraham was justified by works, or by his obedience to this law of circumcision; and, consequently, he has cause for glorying, καυχημα, to exult in something which he has done to entitle him to these blessings. Now, it is evident that he has this glorying, and consequently that he was justified by works.

Apostle. But not before God - These seem to be the apostle's words, and contain the beginning of his answer to the arguments of the Jew, as if he had said: - Allowing that Abraham might glory in being called from heathenish darkness into such marvellous light, and exult in the privileges which God had granted to him; yet this glorying was not before God as a reason why those privileges should be granted; the glorying itself being a consequence of these very privileges.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Abraham. See on

Romans 3:20-28 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin...

Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ...

he hath.

Romans 3:27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? No: but by the law of faith.

Romans 15:17 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God.

Ezekiel 8:9 And he said to me, Go in, and behold the wicked abominations that they do here.

Jeremiah 9:23,24 Thus said the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might...

1 Corinthians 9:16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid on me; yes, woe is to me, if I preach not the gospel!

2 Corinthians 5:12 For we commend not ourselves again to you, but give you occasion to glory on our behalf...

2 Corinthians 11:12,30 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion; that wherein they glory...

2 Corinthians 12:1-9 It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord...

Galatians 6:13,14 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh...

Ephesians 2:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.


Genesis 12:12,13,18,20 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see you, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me...

Genesis 20:9-13 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said to him, What have you done to us? and what have I offended you...

Joshua 24:2 And Joshua said to all the people, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelled on the other side of the flood in old time...

1 Corinthians 1:29 That no flesh should glory in his presence.

1 Corinthians 4:7 For who makes you to differ from another? and what have you that you did not receive? now if you did receive it, why do you glory...

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

September 24. "He Calleth Things that are not as Though they Were" (Rom. Iv. 17).
"He calleth things that are not as though they were" (Rom. iv. 17). The Word of God creates what it commands. When Christ says to any of us "Now are ye clean through the word which I have spoken unto you," We are clean. When He says "no condemnation" there is none, though there has been a lifetime of sin before. And when He says, "mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds," then the weak are strong. This is the part of faith, to take God at His Word, and then expect Him to make it real.
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Free Grace
To The Reader: Nothing but the strongest conviction, not only that what is here advanced is "the truth as it is in Jesus," but also that I am indispensably obliged to declare this truth to all the world, could have induced me openly to oppose the sentiments of those whom I esteem for their work's sake: At whose feet may I be found in the day of the Lord Jesus! Should any believe it his duty to reply hereto, I have only one request to make, -- Let whatsoever you do, be done inherently, in love, and
John Wesley—Sermons on Several Occasions

Its Instrument
"Being justified freely by His grace" (Rom. 3:24); "being now justified by His blood" (Rom. 5:9); "being now justified by faith" (Rom. 5:1). A full exposition of the doctrine of justification requires that each of these propositions should be interpreted in their Scriptural sense, and that they be combined together in their true relations as to form one harmonious whole. Unless these three propositions be carefully distinguished there is sure to be confusion; unless all the three are steadily borne
Arthur W. Pink—The Doctrine of Justification

Its Basis
In our last chapter we contemplated the problem which is presented in the justifying or pronouncing righteous one who is a flagrant violater of the Law of God. Some may have been surprised at the introduction of such a term as "problem": as there are many in the ranks of the ungodly who feel that the world owes them a living, so there are not a few Pharisees in Christendom who suppose it is due them that at death their Creator should take them to Heaven. But different far is it with one who has been
Arthur W. Pink—The Doctrine of Justification

Cross References
Romans 3:27
Where, then, is boasting? It is excluded. Because of what law? The law that requires works? No, because of the law that requires faith.

1 Corinthians 1:31
Therefore, as it is written: "Let the one who boasts boast in the Lord."

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