Psalm 19:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But who can discern their own errors? Forgive my hidden faults.

King James Bible
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.

Darby Bible Translation
Who understandeth [his] errors? Purify me from secret [faults].

World English Bible
Who can discern his errors? Forgive me from hidden errors.

Young's Literal Translation
Errors! who doth understand? From hidden ones declare me innocent,

Psalm 19:12 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Who can understand his errors? - It is not possible, without much of the Divine light, to understand all our deviations from, not only the letter, but the spirituality, of the Divine law. Frequent self-examination, and walking in the light, are essentially necessary to the requisite degree of spiritual perfection.

Cleanse thou me from secret faults - From those which I have committed, and have forgotten; from those for which I have not repented; from those which have been committed in my heart, but have not been brought to act in my life; from those which I have committed without knowing that they were sins, sins of ignorance; and from those which I have committed in private, for which I should blush and be confounded were they to be made public.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

can

Psalm 40:12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about: my iniquities have taken hold on me, so that I am not able to look up...

Job 6:24 Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities...

1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judges me is the Lord.

Hebrews 9:7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself...

cleanse

Psalm 51:5-10 Behold, I was shaped in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me...

Psalm 65:3 Iniquities prevail against me: as for our transgressions, you shall purge them away.

1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another...

secret

Psalm 90:8 You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light of your countenance.

Psalm 139:2,23,24 You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off...

Leviticus 4:2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying...

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

Library
Secret Faults
'Who can understand his errors? cleanse Thou me from secret faults.' PSALM xix. 12. The contemplation of the 'perfect law, enlightening the eyes,' sends the Psalmist to his knees. He is appalled by his own shortcomings, and feels that, beside all those of which he is aware, there is a region, as yet unilluminated by that law, where evil things nestle and breed. The Jewish ritual drew a broad distinction between inadvertent--whether involuntary or ignorant--and deliberate sins; providing atonement
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Secret Sins
Now, David, having seen God's law, and having praised it in this Psalm, which I have read in your hearing, he is brought, by reflecting on its excellency, to utter this thought, "Who can understand his errors?" and then to offer this prayer, "Cleanse thou me from secret faults." In the Lateran Council of the Church of Rome, a decree was passed that every true believer must confess his sins, all of them, once a year to the priest, and they affixed to it this declaration, that there is no hope of pardon
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 3: 1857

Letter xxii. St. Ambrose in a Letter to his Sister Gives an Account of the Finding Of...
St. Ambrose in a letter to his sister gives an account of the finding of the bodies of SS. Gervasius and Protasius, and of his addresses to the people on that occasion. Preaching from Psalm xix., he allegorically expounded the "heavens" to represent the martyrs and apostles, and the "day" he takes to be their confession. They were humbled by God, and then raised again. He then gives an account of the state in which their bodies were found, and of their translation to the basilica. In another address
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

The Progress of the Gospel
Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world. T he heavens declare the glory of God (Psalm 19:1) . The grandeur of the arch over our heads, the number and lustre of the stars, the beauty of the light, the splendour of the sun, the regular succession of day and night, and of the seasons of the year, are such proofs of infinite wisdom and power, that the Scripture attributes to them a voice, a universal language, intelligible to all mankind, accommodated to every capacity.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Psalm 18:23
I have been blameless before him and have kept myself from sin.

Psalm 40:12
For troubles without number surround me; my sins have overtaken me, and I cannot see. They are more than the hairs of my head, and my heart fails within me.

Psalm 51:1
For the director of music. A psalm of David. When the prophet Nathan came to him after David had committed adultery with Bathsheba. Have mercy on me, O God, according to your unfailing love; according to your great compassion blot out my transgressions.

Psalm 51:2
Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin.

Psalm 90:8
You have set our iniquities before you, our secret sins in the light of your presence.

Psalm 139:6
Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, too lofty for me to attain.

Psalm 139:23
Search me, God, and know my heart; test me and know my anxious thoughts.

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