Job 24:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They drive away the orphan's donkey and take the widow's ox in pledge.

King James Bible
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Darby Bible Translation
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge;

World English Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, and they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
The ass of the fatherless they lead away, They take in pledge the ox of the widow,

Job 24:3 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Some remove the landmarks - Stones or posts were originally set up to ascertain the bounds of particular estates: and this was necessary in open countries, before hedges and fences were formed. Wicked and covetous men often removed the landmarks or termini, and set them in on their neighbors' ground, that, by contracting their boundaries, they might enlarge their own. The law of Moses denounces curses on those who remove their neighbors' landmarks. See Deuteronomy 19:14; Deuteronomy 27:17, and the note on the former place, where the subject is considered at large.

They violently take away flocks, and feed thereof - Mr. Good translates ירעו yiru, they destroy, deriving the word, not from רעה raah, to feed, but from רע ra, to rend, to destroy. The Septuagint had read רעה roch, a shepherd; and therefore have translated ποιμνιον συν ποιμενι ἁρπασαντες, "violently carrying off both the flock and the shepherd."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 22:6-9 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped the naked of their clothing...

Job 31:16,17 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13,17-21 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge...

1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken?...

Whether the Husband Can on his Own Judgment Put Away his Wife on Account of Fornication?
Objection 1: It would seem that the husband can on his own judgment put away his wife on account of fornication. For when sentence has been pronounced by the judge, it is lawful to carry it out without any further judgment. But God, the just Judge, has pronounced this judgment, that a husband may put his wife away on account of fornication. Therefore no further judgment is required for this. Objection 2: Further, it is stated (Mat. 1:19) that Joseph . . . being a just man . . . "was minded to put"
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Old Law Set Forth Suitable Precepts About the Members of the Household?
Objection 1: It would seem that the Old Law set forth unsuitable precepts about the members of the household. For a slave "is in every respect his master's property," as the Philosopher states (Polit. i, 2). But that which is a man's property should be his always. Therefore it was unfitting for the Law to command (Ex. 21:2) that slaves should "go out free" in the seventh year. Objection 2: Further, a slave is his master's property, just as an animal, e.g. an ass or an ox. But it is commanded (Dt.
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Job 6:27
You would even cast lots for the fatherless and barter away your friend.

Job 22:6
You demanded security from your relatives for no reason; you stripped people of their clothing, leaving them naked.

Job 22:9
And you sent widows away empty-handed and broke the strength of the fatherless.

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