Job 18:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
His roots dry up below and his branches wither above.

King James Bible
His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off.

Darby Bible Translation
His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off;

World English Bible
His roots shall be dried up beneath. Above shall his branch be cut off.

Young's Literal Translation
From beneath his roots are dried up, And from above cut off is his crop.

Job 18:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Job 18:16His roots shall be dried up - his branch be cut off - He shall be as utterly destroyed, both in himself, his posterity, and his property, as a tree is whose branches are all lopped off, and whose every root is cut away.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

roots

Job 29:19 My root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night on my branch.

Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the fire devours the stubble, and the flame consumes the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness...

Hosea 9:16 Ephraim is smitten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yes, though they bring forth...

Amos 2:9 Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks...

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yes, and all that do wickedly...

shall his branch

Job 5:3,4 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation...

Job 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.

Library
Whether the Fire of Hell is Beneath the Earth?
Objection 1: It would seem that this fire is not beneath the earth. For it is said of the damned (Job 18:18), "And God shall remove him out of the globe [Douay: 'world']." Therefore the fire whereby the damned will be punished is not beneath the earth but outside the globe. Objection 2: Further, nothing violent or accidental can be everlasting. But this fire will be in hell for ever. Therefore it will be there, not by force but naturally. Now fire cannot be under the earth save by violence. Therefore
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Fire of Hell is of the Same Species as Ours?
Objection 1: It would seem that this fire is not of the same species as the corporeal fire which we see. For Augustine says (De Civ. Dei xx, 16): "In my opinion no man knows of what kind is the everlasting fire, unless the Spirit of God has revealed it to anyone." But all or nearly all know the nature of this fire of ours. Therefore that fire is not of the same species as this. Objection 2: Further, Gregory commenting on Job 10:26, "A fire that is not kindled shall devour him," says (Moral. xv):
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Job 15:30
He will not escape the darkness; a flame will wither his shoots, and the breath of God's mouth will carry him away.

Job 15:32
Before his time he will wither, and his branches will not flourish.

Isaiah 5:24
Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw and as dry grass sinks down in the flames, so their roots will decay and their flowers blow away like dust; for they have rejected the law of the LORD Almighty and spurned the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 14:20
you will not join them in burial, for you have destroyed your land and killed your people. Let the offspring of the wicked never be mentioned again.

Hosea 9:16
Ephraim is blighted, their root is withered, they yield no fruit. Even if they bear children, I will slay their cherished offspring."

Amos 2:9
"Yet I destroyed the Amorites before them, though they were tall as the cedars and strong as the oaks. I destroyed their fruit above and their roots below.

Malachi 4:1
"Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire," says the LORD Almighty. "Not a root or a branch will be left to them.

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