Isaiah 5:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Therefore my people will go into exile for lack of understanding; those of high rank will die of hunger and the common people will be parched with thirst.

King James Bible
Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge: and their honourable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore my people are led away captive from lack of knowledge, and their nobility die of famine, and their multitude are parched with thirst.

World English Bible
Therefore my people go into captivity for lack of knowledge. Their honorable men are famished, and their multitudes are parched with thirst.

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore my people removed without knowledge, And its honourable ones are famished, And its multitude dried up of thirst.

Isaiah 5:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And their honorable men "And the nobles" - These verses have likewise a reference to the two preceding. They that indulged in feasting and drinking shall perish with hunger and thirst; and Hades shall indulge his appetite as much as they had done, and devour them all. The image is strong and expressive in the highest degree. Habakkuk 2:5, uses the same image with great force: - the ambitious and avaricious conqueror.

"Enlargeth his appetite like Hades;

And he is like Death, and will never be satisfied,"

But, in Isaiah, Hades is introduced to much greater advantage, in person; and placed before our eyes in the form of a ravenous monster, opening wide his immeasurable jaws, and swallowing them all together: "Therefore Shoel hath dilated her soul, she hath opened her mouth beyond limit." Destruction expects more than a common meal, when God visits Jerusalem for her iniquities. This seems to refer to the ruin brought on the Jews by the Romans. Our blessed Lord repeats this parable, and applies it to this very transaction, Matthew 21:33.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

my people

Isaiah 1:7 Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate...

Isaiah 42:22-25 But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey...

2 Kings 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria...

2 Chronicles 28:5-8 Why the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him...

because

Isaiah 1:3 The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.

Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire...

Jeremiah 8:7 Yes, the stork in the heaven knows her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming...

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you...

Matthew 23:16-27 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing...

Luke 19:44 And shall lay you even with the ground, and your children within you; and they shall not leave in you one stone on another...

John 3:19,20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

2 Peter 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old...

honourable men are famished. Heb. glory are men of famine

Jeremiah 14:18 If I go forth into the field, then behold the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city...

Lamentations 4:4,5,9 The tongue of the sucking child sticks to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask bread, and no man breaks it to them...

multitude

Jeremiah 14:3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water...

Amos 8:13 In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst.

Library
A Prophet's Woes
'Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may he placed alone in the midst of the earth! 9. In mine ears said the Lord of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall he desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant. 10. Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah. 11. Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Of Confession and Self-Examination
Of Confession and Self-examination Self-examination should always precede Confession, and in the nature and manner of it should be conformable to the state of the soul: the business of those that are advanced to the degree of which we now treat, is to lay their whole souls open before God, who will not fail to enlighten them, and enable them to see the peculiar nature of their faults. This examination, however, should be peaceful and tranquil, and we should depend on God for the discovery and knowledge
Madame Guyon—A Short and Easy Method of Prayer

"For to be Carnally Minded is Death; but to be Spiritually Minded is Life and Peace. "
Rom. viii. 6.--"For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace." It is true, this time is short, and so short that scarce can similitudes or comparisons be had to shadow it out unto us. It is a dream, a moment, a vapour, a flood, a flower, and whatsoever can be more fading or perishing; and therefore it is not in itself very considerable, yet in another respect it is of all things the most precious, and worthy of the deepest attention and most serious consideration;
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet
We shall now, in conclusion, give a survey of the third and closing discourse of the prophet. After an introduction in vi. 1, 2, where the mountains serve only to give greater solemnity to the scene (in the fundamental passages Deut. xxxii. 1, and in Is. 1, 2, "heaven and earth" are mentioned for the same purposes, inasmuch as they are the most venerable parts of creation; "contend with the mountains" by taking them in and applying to [Pg 522] them as hearers), the prophet reminds the people of
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Isaiah 1:3
The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner's manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand."

Isaiah 3:1
See now, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, is about to take from Jerusalem and Judah both supply and support: all supplies of food and all supplies of water,

Isaiah 3:3
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter.

Isaiah 23:9
The LORD Almighty planned it, to bring down her pride in all her splendor and to humble all who are renowned on the earth.

Isaiah 27:11
When its twigs are dry, they are broken off and women come and make fires with them. For this is a people without understanding; so their Maker has no compassion on them, and their Creator shows them no favor.

Isaiah 44:19
No one stops to think, no one has the knowledge or understanding to say, "Half of it I used for fuel; I even baked bread over its coals, I roasted meat and I ate. Shall I make a detestable thing from what is left? Shall I bow down to a block of wood?"

Isaiah 49:21
Then you will say in your heart, 'Who bore me these? I was bereaved and barren; I was exiled and rejected. Who brought these up? I was left all alone, but these--where have they come from?'"

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Captivity Cause Countries Die Dried Dry Dying Exile Famine Famished Feasters Food Honorable Honored Honourable Hunger Lack Led Masses Multitude Multitudes Need Parched Prisoners Rank Removed Rulers Strange Thirst Understanding Want Wasted Water
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Captivity Cause Countries Die Dried Dry Dying Exile Famine Famished Feasters Food Honorable Honored Honourable Hunger Lack Led Masses Multitude Multitudes Need Parched Prisoners Rank Removed Rulers Strange Thirst Understanding Want Wasted Water
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