Isaiah 3:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Jerusalem staggers, Judah is falling; their words and deeds are against the LORD, defying his glorious presence.

King James Bible
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

Darby Bible Translation
For Jerusalem stumbleth and Judah falleth, because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

World English Bible
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen; because their tongue and their doings are against Yahweh, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

Young's Literal Translation
For stumbled hath Jerusalem, and Judah hath fallen, For their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, To provoke the eyes of His glory.

Isaiah 3:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The eyes "The cloud" - This word appears to be of very doubtful form, from the printed editions, the MSS., and the ancient versions. The first yod in עיני eyney, which is necessary according to the common interpretation, is in many of them omitted; the two last letters are upon a rasure in two MSS. I think it should be ענן anan, "a cloud," as the Syriac reads; and the allusion is to the cloud in in which the glory of the Lord appeared above the tabernacle; see Exodus 16:9, Exodus 16:10; Exodus 40:34-38; Numbers 16:41, Numbers 16:42.

Either of the readings gives a very good sense. The allusion may be to the cloud of the Divine presence in the wilderness: or the eyes of the Lord may be meant, as they are in every place beholding the evil and the good. And he cannot look upon iniquity but with abhorrence; therefore, the eyes of his glory might be well provoked by their crimes.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jerusalem

2 Chronicles 28:5-7,18 Why the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him...

2 Chronicles 33:11 Why the LORD brought on them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns...

2 Chronicles 36:17-19 Therefore he brought on them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary...

Jeremiah 26:6,18 Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth...

Lamentations 5:16,17 The crown is fallen from our head: woe to us, that we have sinned!...

Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps...

because

Isaiah 5:18,19 Woe to them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope...

Isaiah 57:4 Against whom do you sport yourselves? against whom make you a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue?...

Psalm 73:8,9 They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily...

Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he to me, Son of man, have you seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark...

Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he to me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood...

Hosea 7:16 They return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow...

Malachi 3:13-15 Your words have been stout against me, said the LORD. Yet you say, What have we spoken so much against you...

Matthew 12:36,37 But I say to you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment...

Jude 1:15 To execute judgment on all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed...

to provoke

Isaiah 65:3-5 A people that provokes me to anger continually to my face; that sacrifices in gardens, and burns incense on altars of brick...

2 Chronicles 33:6,7 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments...

Ezekiel 8:4-6,17,18 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there, according to the vision that I saw in the plain...

Habakkuk 1:13 You are of purer eyes than to behold evil, and can not look on iniquity: why look you on them that deal treacherously...

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

Library
A Paradox of Selling and Buying
'Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.'--ISAIAH iii. 3. THE first reference of these words is of course to the Captivity. They come in the midst of a grand prophecy of freedom, all full of leaping gladness and buoyant hope. The Seer speaks to the captives; they had 'sold themselves for nought.' What had they gained by their departure from God?--bondage. What had they won in exchange for their freedom?-- only the hard service of Babylon. As Deuteronomy puts it:
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Personal History of Herod - the Two Worlds in Jerusalem.
It is an intensely painful history, [581] in the course of which Herod made his way to the throne. We look back nearly two and a half centuries to where, with the empire of Alexander, Palestine fell to his successors. For nearly a century and a half it continued the battle-field of the Egyptian and Syrian kings (the Ptolemies and the Seleucidæ). At last it was a corrupt High-Priesthood - with which virtually the government of the land had all along lain - that betrayed Israel's precious trust.
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

"All Our Righteousnesses are as Filthy Rags, and we all do Fade as a Leaf, and Our Iniquities, Like the Wind, have Taken us Away. "
Isaiah lxiv. 6, 7.--"All our righteousnesses are as filthy rags, and we all do fade as a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away." Not only are the direct breaches of the command uncleanness, and men originally and actually unclean, but even our holy actions, our commanded duties. Take a man's civility, religion, and all his universal inherent righteousness,--all are filthy rags. And here the church confesseth nothing but what God accuseth her of, Isa. lxvi. 8, and chap. i. ver.
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

"Thou Shalt Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother. "
From this Commandment we learn that after the excellent works of the first three Commandments there are no better works than to obey and serve all those who are set over us as superiors. For this reason also disobedience is a greater sin than murder, unchastity, theft and dishonesty, and all that these may include. For we can in no better way learn how to distinguish between greater and lesser sins than by noting the order of the Commandments of God, although there are distinctions also within the
Dr. Martin Luther—A Treatise on Good Works

Cross References
Psalm 73:9
Their mouths lay claim to heaven, and their tongues take possession of the earth.

Isaiah 1:7
Your country is desolate, your cities burned with fire; your fields are being stripped by foreigners right before you, laid waste as when overthrown by strangers.

Isaiah 6:11
Then I said, "For how long, Lord?" And he answered: "Until the cities lie ruined and without inhabitant, until the houses are left deserted and the fields ruined and ravaged,

Isaiah 9:17
Therefore the Lord will take no pleasure in the young men, nor will he pity the fatherless and widows, for everyone is ungodly and wicked, every mouth speaks folly. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.

Isaiah 49:19
"Though you were ruined and made desolate and your land laid waste, now you will be too small for your people, and those who devoured you will be far away.

Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are stained with blood, your fingers with guilt. Your lips have spoken falsely, and your tongue mutters wicked things.

Isaiah 65:3
a people who continually provoke me to my very face, offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on altars of brick;

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