Isaiah 3:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen, because their speech and their deeds are against the LORD, defying his glorious presence.

King James Bible
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

American Standard Version
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen; because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Juda is fallen: because their tongue, and their devices are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his majesty.

English Revised Version
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

Webster's Bible Translation
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

Isaiah 3:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Hero and man of war, judge and prophet, and soothsayer and elder; captains of fifty, and the highly distinguished, and counsellors, and masters in art, and those skilled in muttering." As the state had grown into a military state under Uzziah-Jotham, the prophet commences in both vv. with military officers, viz., the gibbor, i.e., commanders whose bravery had been already tried; the "man of war" (ish imlchâmâh), i.e., private soldiers who had been equipped and well trained (see Ezekiel 39:20); and the "captain of fifty" (sar Chamisshim), leaders of the smallest divisions of the army, consisting of only fifty men (pentekontarchos, 2 Kings 1:9, etc.). The prominent members of the state are all mixed up together; "the judge" (shophet), i.e., the officers appointed by the government to administer justice; "the elder" (zâkēn), i.e., the heads of families and the senators appointed by the town corporations; the "counsellor" (yōetz), those nearest to the king; the "highly distinguished" (nesu panim), lit., those whose personal appearance (panim) was accepted, i.e., welcome and regarded with honour (Saad.: wa'gı̄h, from wa'gh, the face of appearance), that is to say, persons of influence, not only on account of their office, but also on account of wealth, age, goodness, etc.; "masters in art" (Chacam Charâshim: lxx σοφὸς ἀρχιτέκτων ), or, as Jerome has very well rendered it, in artibus mechanicis exercitatus easque callide tractans (persons well versed in mechanical arts, and carrying them out with skill). In the Chaldean captivities skilled artisans are particularly mentioned as having been carried away (2 Kings 24:14.; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:2); so that there can be no doubt whatever that Charâshim (from Cheresh) is to be understood as signifying mechanical and not magical arts, as Gesenius, Hitzig, and Meier suppose, and therefore that Chacam Charâshim does not mean "wizards," as Ewald renders it (Chărâshim is a different word from Chârâshim, fabri, from Chârâsh, although in 1 Chronicles 4:14, cf., Nehemiah 11:35, the word is regularly pointed חרשׁים even in this personal sense). Moreover, the rendering "wizards" produces tautology, inasmuch as masters of the black art are cited as nebon lachash, "skilled in muttering." Lachash is the whispering or muttering of magical formulas; it is related both radically and in meaning to nachash, enchantment (Arabic nachs, misfortune); it is derived from lachash, sibilare, to hiss (a kindred word to nâchash; hence nâchâsh, a serpent). Beside this, the masters of the black art are also represented as kosem, which, in accordance with the radical idea of making fast, swearing, conjuring, denoted a soothsayer following heathen superstitions, as distinguished from the nabi, of false Jehovah prophet (we find this as early as Deuteronomy 18:10, Deuteronomy 18:14).

(Note: According to the primary meaning of the whole thema, which is one of hardness, rigidity, firmness, aksama (hi. of kâsam) signifies, strictly speaking, to make sure, i.e., to swear, either by swearing to the truth and certainty of a thing, or by making a person swear that he will do or not do a certain thing, by laying as it were a kasam upon him. The kal, on the other hand (kasama), gets its meaning to divide from the turn given to the radical idea in the substantive kism, which signifies, according to the original lexicographers, something fixed ( equals nası̄b), definite, i.e., a definite portion. There is just the same association of ideas in ‛azama as in aksama, namely, literally to be firm or make firm, i.e., to direct one's will firmly towards an object or place; also to direct one's will firmly towards a person, to adjure him to do a thing or not to do it; sometimes with a softer meaning, to urge or invite a person to anything, at other times to recite conjuring formulas (‛azâim.)

These came next to bread and water, and were in a higher grade the props of the state. They are mixed together in this manner without regular order, because the powerful and splendid state was really a quodlibet of things Jewish and heathen; and when the wrath of Jehovah broke out, the godless glory would soon become a mass of confusion.

Isaiah 3:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jerusalem

2 Chronicles 28:5-7,18 Why the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him...

2 Chronicles 33:11 Why the LORD brought on them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns...

2 Chronicles 36:17-19 Therefore he brought on them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary...

Jeremiah 26:6,18 Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth...

Lamentations 5:16,17 The crown is fallen from our head: woe to us, that we have sinned!...

Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps...

because

Isaiah 5:18,19 Woe to them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope...

Isaiah 57:4 Against whom do you sport yourselves? against whom make you a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue?...

Psalm 73:8,9 They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily...

Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he to me, Son of man, have you seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark...

Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he to me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood...

Hosea 7:16 They return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow...

Malachi 3:13-15 Your words have been stout against me, said the LORD. Yet you say, What have we spoken so much against you...

Matthew 12:36,37 But I say to you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment...

Jude 1:15 To execute judgment on all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed...

to provoke

Isaiah 65:3-5 A people that provokes me to anger continually to my face; that sacrifices in gardens, and burns incense on altars of brick...

2 Chronicles 33:6,7 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments...

Ezekiel 8:4-6,17,18 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there, according to the vision that I saw in the plain...

Habakkuk 1:13 You are of purer eyes than to behold evil, and can not look on iniquity: why look you on them that deal treacherously...

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

Cross References
Psalm 73:9
They set their mouths against the heavens, and their tongue struts through the earth.

Isaiah 1:7
Your country lies desolate; your cities are burned with fire; in your very presence foreigners devour your land; it is desolate, as overthrown by foreigners.

Isaiah 6:11
Then I said, "How long, O Lord?" And he said: "Until cities lie waste without inhabitant, and houses without people, and the land is a desolate waste,

Isaiah 9:17
Therefore the Lord does not rejoice over their young men, and has no compassion on their fatherless and widows; for everyone is godless and an evildoer, and every mouth speaks folly. For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.

Isaiah 49:19
"Surely your waste and your desolate places and your devastated land-- surely now you will be too narrow for your inhabitants, and those who swallowed you up will be far away.

Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are defiled with blood and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies; your tongue mutters wickedness.

Isaiah 65:3
a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens and making offerings on bricks;

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