New International Version
And God said, "Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water."
King James Bible
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
Darby Bible Translation
And God said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it be a division between waters and waters.
World English Bible
God said, "Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters."
Young's Literal Translation
And God saith, 'Let an expanse be in the midst of the waters, and let it be separating between waters and waters.'
Genesis 1:6 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And God said, Let there be a firmament - Our translators, by following the firmamentum of the Vulgate, which is a translation of the στερεωμα of the Septuagint, have deprived this passage of all sense and meaning. The Hebrew word רקיע rakia, from רקע raka, to spread out as the curtains of a tent or pavilion, simply signifies an expanse or space, and consequently that circumambient space or expansion separating the clouds, which are in the higher regions of it, from the seas, etc., which are below it. This we call the atmosphere, the orb of atoms or inconceivably small particles; but the word appears to have been used by Moses in a more extensive sense, and to include the whole of the planetary vortex, or the space which is occupied by the whole solar system.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
firmament. Heb. expansion.
(Preached before the Prince of Wales, at Sandringham, 1866.) GENESIS i. 1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. It may seem hardly worth while to preach upon this text. Every one thinks that he believes it. Of course--they say--we know that God made the world. Teach us something we do not know, not something which we do. Why preach to us about a text which we fully understand, and believe already? Because, my friends, there are few texts in the Bible more difficult to believe …
Charles Kingsley—Discipline and Other Sermons
The Purpose in the Coming of Jesus.
Gordon -- Man in the Image of God
An Essay on the Mosaic Account of the Creation and Fall of Man
2 Peter 3:5
But they deliberately forget that long ago by God's word the heavens came into being and the earth was formed out of water and by water.
For the director of music. A psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.
By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth.
who spread out the earth upon the waters, His love endures forever.
He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.
But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.
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