Galatians 4:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But now that you know God--or rather are known by God--how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable forces? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?

King James Bible
But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?

Darby Bible Translation
but now, knowing God, but rather being known by God, how do ye turn again to the weak and beggarly principles to which ye desire to be again anew in bondage?

World English Bible
But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, why do you turn back again to the weak and miserable elemental principles, to which you desire to be in bondage all over again?

Young's Literal Translation
and now, having known God -- and rather being known by God -- how turn ye again unto the weak and poor elements to which anew ye desire to be in servitude?

Galatians 4:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Now, after that ye have known God - After having been brought to the knowledge of God as your Savior.

Or rather are known of God - Are approved of him, having received the adoption of sons.

To the weak and beggarly elements - After receiving all this, will ye turn again to the ineffectual rites and ceremonies of the Mosaic law - rites too weak to counteract your sinful habits, and too poor to purchase pardon and eternal life for you? If the Galatians were turning again to them, it is evident that they had been once addicted to them. And this they might have been, allowing that they had become converts from heathenism to Judaism, and from Judaism to Christianity. This makes the sense consistent between the 8th and 9th verses.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye have.

1 Kings 8:43 Hear you in heaven your dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calls to you for...

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind...

Psalm 9:10 And they that know your name will put their trust in you: for you, LORD, have not forsaken them that seek you.

Proverbs 2:5 Then shall you understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God.

Jeremiah 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me...

Habakkuk 2:14 For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the Son, but the Father; neither knows any man the Father, save the Son...

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

Ephesians 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory...

2 Peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ...

1 John 2:3,4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments...

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true...

are known.

Exodus 33:17 And the LORD said to Moses, I will do this thing also that you have spoken: for you have found grace in my sight...

Psalm 1:6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.

John 10:14,27 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine...

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

1 Corinthians 8:3 But if any man love God, the same is known of him.

1 Corinthians 13:12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

how.

Galatians 3:3 Are you so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are you now made perfect by the flesh?

Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh...

Colossians 2:20-23 Why if you be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are you subject to ordinances...

Hebrews 7:18 For there is truly a cancellation of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

again. or, back.

Hebrews 10:38,39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him...

elements. or, rudiments.

Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

Library
May 7. "I Travail in Birth Again Until Christ be Formed in You" (Gal. Iv. 19).
"I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you" (Gal. iv. 19). It is a blessed moment when we are born again and a new heart is created in us after the image of God. It is a more blessed moment when in this new heart Christ Himself is born and the Christmas time is reproduced in us as we, in some real sense, become incarnations of the living Christ. This is the deepest and holiest meaning of Christianity. It is expressed in Paul's prayer for the Galatians. "My little children, for whom I
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Adoption --The Spirit and the Cry
The divinity of each of these sacred persons is also to be gathered from the text and its connection. We do not doubt tee the loving union of all in the work of deliverance. We reverence the Father, without whom we had not been chosen or adopted: the Father who hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. We love and reverence the Son by whose most precious blood we have been redeemed, and with whom we are one in a mystic and everlasting union: and
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 24: 1878

The Gospel Message, Good Tidings
[As it is written] How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! T he account which the Apostle Paul gives of his first reception among the Galatians (Galatians 4:15) , exemplifies the truth of this passage. He found them in a state of ignorance and misery; alienated from God, and enslaved to the blind and comfortless superstitions of idolatry. His preaching, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit, had a great and marvellous effect.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

How Can I Obtain Faith?
May the Spirit of God assist us while we meditate upon the way by which faith cometh. This shall be followed by a brief indication of certain obstructions which often lie in that way; and then we will conclude by dwelling upon the importance that faith should come to us by that appointed road. I. First, then, THE WAY BY WHICH FAITH COMES TO MEN. "Faith cometh by hearing." It may help to set the truth out more clearly, if we say, negatively, that it does not come by any other process than by hearing;--not
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 18: 1872

Cross References
1 Corinthians 8:3
But whoever loves God is known by God.

2 Corinthians 11:20
In fact, you even put up with anyone who enslaves you or exploits you or takes advantage of you or puts on airs or slaps you in the face.

Galatians 4:3
So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces of the world.

Colossians 2:20
Since you died with Christ to the elemental spiritual forces of this world, why, as though you still belonged to the world, do you submit to its rules:

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