Galatians 4:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
At that time the son born according to the flesh persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. It is the same now.

King James Bible
But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

Darby Bible Translation
But as then he that was born according to flesh persecuted him [that was born] according to Spirit, so also [it is] now.

World English Bible
But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.

Young's Literal Translation
but as then he who was born according to the flesh did persecute him according to the spirit, so also now;

Galatians 4:29 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But as then he - Ishmael, who was born after the flesh - whose birth had nothing supernatural in it, but was according to the ordinary course of nature,

Persecuted him - Isaac, who was born after the Spirit - who had a supernatural birth, according to the promise, and through the efficacy, of the Holy Spirit, giving effect to that promise - Sarah shall have a son, Genesis 17:16-21; Genesis 21:1, etc.

Persecuted him; the persecution here referred to is that mentioned Genesis 21:9. It consisted in mocking his brother Isaac.

Even so it is now - So the Jews, in every place, persecute the Christians; and show thereby that they are rather of the posterity of Hagar than of Sarah.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he that.

Genesis 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born to Abraham, mocking.

after the Spirit.

John 3:5 Jesus answered, Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

John 15:9 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you: continue you in my love.

Romans 8:1,13 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit...


Galatians 5:11 And I, brothers, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offense of the cross ceased.

Galatians 6:12-14 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised...

Matthew 23:34-37 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

1 Thessalonians 2:14,15 For you, brothers, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus...

Hebrews 10:33,34 Partly, whilst you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly...

May 7. "I Travail in Birth Again Until Christ be Formed in You" (Gal. Iv. 19).
"I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you" (Gal. iv. 19). It is a blessed moment when we are born again and a new heart is created in us after the image of God. It is a more blessed moment when in this new heart Christ Himself is born and the Christmas time is reproduced in us as we, in some real sense, become incarnations of the living Christ. This is the deepest and holiest meaning of Christianity. It is expressed in Paul's prayer for the Galatians. "My little children, for whom I
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Adoption --The Spirit and the Cry
The divinity of each of these sacred persons is also to be gathered from the text and its connection. We do not doubt tee the loving union of all in the work of deliverance. We reverence the Father, without whom we had not been chosen or adopted: the Father who hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. We love and reverence the Son by whose most precious blood we have been redeemed, and with whom we are one in a mystic and everlasting union: and
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 24: 1878

The Gospel Message, Good Tidings
[As it is written] How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! T he account which the Apostle Paul gives of his first reception among the Galatians (Galatians 4:15) , exemplifies the truth of this passage. He found them in a state of ignorance and misery; alienated from God, and enslaved to the blind and comfortless superstitions of idolatry. His preaching, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit, had a great and marvellous effect.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

How Can I Obtain Faith?
May the Spirit of God assist us while we meditate upon the way by which faith cometh. This shall be followed by a brief indication of certain obstructions which often lie in that way; and then we will conclude by dwelling upon the importance that faith should come to us by that appointed road. I. First, then, THE WAY BY WHICH FAITH COMES TO MEN. "Faith cometh by hearing." It may help to set the truth out more clearly, if we say, negatively, that it does not come by any other process than by hearing;--not
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 18: 1872

Cross References
Genesis 21:9
But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking,

Galatians 4:23
His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.

Galatians 5:11
Brothers and sisters, if I am still preaching circumcision, why am I still being persecuted? In that case the offense of the cross has been abolished.

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