New American Standard Bible
But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now also.
King James Bible
But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
Darby Bible Translation
But as then he that was born according to flesh persecuted him that was born according to Spirit, so also it is now.
World English Bible
But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
Young's Literal Translation
but as then he who was born according to the flesh did persecute him according to the spirit, so also now;
Galatians 4:29 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
But as then he that was born after the flesh - Ishmael; see Galatians 4:23.
Persecuted him that was born after the Spirit - That is, Isaac. The phrase, "after the Spirit," here, is synonymous with "according to the promise" in the previous verse. It stands opposed to the phrase "after the flesh," and means that his birth was by the special or miraculous agency of God; see Romans 4. It was not in the ordinary course of events. The persecution here referred to, was the injurious treatment which Isaac received from Ishmael, or the opposition which subsisted between them. The particular reference of Paul is doubtless to Genesis 21:9, where it is said that "Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking." It was on account of this, and at the special request of Sarah, that Hagar and her son were expelled from the house of Abraham; Genesis 21:10.
Even so it is now - That is, Christians, the children of the promise, are persecuted by the Jews, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, "as it now is," and who are uninterested in the promises, as Ishmael was. For an illustration of this, see Paley's Hora Paulina, on this Epistle, no. v. Dr. Paley has remarked that it does not appear that the apostle Paul was ever set upon by the Gentiles, unless they were first stirred up by the Jews, except in two instances. One of these was at Philippi, after the cure of the Pythoness Acts 16:19; and the other at Ephesus, at the instance of Demetrius; Acts 19:24. The persecutions of the Christians arose, therefore, mainly from the Jews, from those who were in bondage to the Law, and to rites and customs; and Paul's allusion here to the case of the persecution which Isaac the free-born son endured, is exceedingly pertinent and happy.
LibraryThe Allegories of Sarah and Hagar
We shall attempt this morning to teach you something of the allegories of Sarah and Hagar, that you may thereby better understand the essential difference between the covenants of law and of grace. We shall not go fully into the subject, but shall only give such illustrations of it as the text may furnish us. First, I shall want you to notice the two women, whom Paul uses as types--Hagar and Sarah; then I shall notice the two sons--Ishmael and Isaac; in the third place, I shall notice Ishmael's conduct …
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 2: 1856
Luther -- the Method and Fruits of Justification
"For as Many as are Led by the Spirit of God, they are the Sons of God. For Ye have not Received the Spirit of Bondage
The Moral Reactions of Prayer
Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.
But the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and the son by the free woman through the promise.
But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? Then the stumbling block of the cross has been abolished.
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