Exodus 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these signs of mine among them

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these my signs before him:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his bondmen, that I might do these my signs in their midst,

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses, "Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I may show these my signs in the midst of them,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go in unto Pharaoh, for I have declared hard his heart, and the heart of his servants, so that I set these My signs in their midst,

Exodus 10:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Hardened his heart - God suffered his natural obstinacy to prevail, that he might have farther opportunities of showing forth his eternal power and Godhead.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have hardened

Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh...

Exodus 7:13,14 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he listened not to them; as the LORD had said...

Exodus 9:27,34,35 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous...

Psalm 7:11 God judges the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every day.

that I

Exodus 3:20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the middle thereof...

Exodus 7:4 But Pharaoh shall not listen to you, that I may lay my hand on Egypt, and bring forth my armies, and my people the children of Israel...

Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to show in you my power...

Exodus 14:17,18 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honor on Pharaoh...

Exodus 15:14,15 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina...

Joshua 2:9,10 And she said to the men, I know that the LORD has given you the land, and that your terror is fallen on us...

Joshua 4:23,24 For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until you were passed over...

1 Samuel 4:8 Woe to us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods?...

Romans 9:17 For the scripture said to Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised you up, that I might show my power in you...

Library
Full Redemption
Now, it seems to me, that this grand quarrel of old is but a picture of God's continual contest with the powers of darkness. The mandate has gone forth to earth and hell: "Thus saith the Lord, let my people go that they may serve me." "No," saith Satan, "they shall not." And if he be compelled to yield one point, he still retains his hold upon another. If he must give way, it shall be inch by inch. Evil is hard in dying; it will not readily be overcome. But this is the demand of God, and to he last
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 6: 1860

Exposition of Chap. Iii. (ii. 28-32. )
Ver. 1. "And it shall come to pass, afterwards, I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy; your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions." The communication of the Spirit of God was the constant prerogative of the Covenant-people. Indeed, the very idea of such a people necessarily requires it. For the Spirit of God is the only inward bond betwixt Him and that which is created; a Covenant-people, therefore, without such an inward
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
John 12:40
"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn--and I would heal them."

Romans 9:18
Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

Exodus 4:21
The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:13
Yet Pharaoh's heart became hard and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.

Exodus 9:12
But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.

Joshua 11:20
For it was the LORD himself who hardened their hearts to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

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