Esther 9:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews throughout the provinces of King Xerxes, near and far,

King James Bible
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

Darby Bible Translation
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews near and far that were in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus,

World English Bible
Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both near and far,

Young's Literal Translation
And Mordecai writeth these things, and sendeth letters unto all the Jews who are in all provinces of the king Ahasuerus, who are near and who are far off,

Esther 9:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Mordecai wrote these things - It has been supposed that thus far that part of the book of Esther, which was written by Mordecai extends: what follows to the end, was probably added either by Ezra, or the men of the Great Synagogue; though what is said here may refer only to the letters sent by Mordecai to the Jews of the provinces. From this to the end of the chapter is nothing else than a recapitulation of the chief heads of the preceding history, and an account of the appointment of an annual feast, called the feast of Purim, in commemoration of their providential deliverance from the malice of Haman.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gladness.

Esther 9:22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to joy...

Esther 8:17 And in every province, and in every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness...

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Nehemiah 8:10-12 Then he said to them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions to them for whom nothing is prepared...

Psalm 118:11-16 They compassed me about; yes, they compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD I will destroy them...

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell on the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another...

sending portions. The eastern princes and people not only invite their friends to feasts, but it is their custom to send a portion of the banquet to those that cannot well attend, especially their relations, and those in a state of mourning. Thus, when the Grand Emir found that it incommoded M. D'Arvieux to eat with him, he desired him to take his own time for eating, and sent him from his kitchen what he liked best.

Library
Of the Practice of Piety in Holy Feasting.
Holy feasting is a solemn thanksgiving, appointed by authority, to be rendered to God on some special day, for some extraordinary blessings or deliverances received. Such among the Jews was the feast of the Passover (Exod. xii. 15), to remember to praise God for their deliverance out of Egypt's bondage; or the feast of Purim (Esth. ix. 19, 21), to give thanks for their deliverance from Haman's conspiracy. Such amongst us is the fifth of November, to praise God for the deliverance of the king and
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Place of Jesus in the History of the World.
The great event of the History of the world is the revolution by which the noblest portions of humanity have passed from the ancient religions, comprised under the vague name of Paganism, to a religion founded on the Divine Unity, the Trinity, and the Incarnation of the Son of God. It has taken nearly a thousand years to accomplish this conversion. The new religion had itself taken at least three hundred years in its formation. But the origin of the revolution in question with which we have to do
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

Cross References
Esther 9:19
That is why rural Jews--those living in villages--observe the fourteenth of the month of Adar as a day of joy and feasting, a day for giving presents to each other.

Esther 9:21
to have them celebrate annually the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar

Esther 9:26
(Therefore these days were called Purim, from the word pur.) Because of everything written in this letter and because of what they had seen and what had happened to them,

Esther 9:27
the Jews took it on themselves to establish the custom that they and their descendants and all who join them should without fail observe these two days every year, in the way prescribed and at the time appointed.

Esther 9:29
So Queen Esther, daughter of Abihail, along with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm this second letter concerning Purim.

Jeremiah 29:1
This is the text of the letter that the prophet Jeremiah sent from Jerusalem to the surviving elders among the exiles and to the priests, the prophets and all the other people Nebuchadnezzar had carried into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon.

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Ahasuerus Ahasu-E'rus Division Events Far Jews Kingdom Letters Mordecai Mor'decai Nigh Provinces Recorded Throughout Writeth Wrote Xerxes
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