Esther 9:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Mordecai recorded these things and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far,

King James Bible
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

American Standard Version
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Mardochai wrote all these things, and sent them comprised in letters to the Jews that abode in all the king's provinces, both those that lay near and those afar off,

English Revised Version
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

Webster's Bible Translation
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

Esther 9:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The king commanded it so to be done. "Then was a decree given at Susa, and they hanged the ten sons of Haman." The decree given in Susa does not refer to the hanging of the sons of Haman, but to the permission given to the Jews to fight against their enemies on the morrow also. This is required not only by a comparison of Esther 8:13, but also by the connection of the present verse; for in consequence of this decree the Jews assembled on the 14th Adar (comp. ויּקּהלוּ, then they assembled themselves, Esther 9:15), while the hanging of the sons of Haman, on the contrary, is related in an accessory clause by a simple perfect, תּלוּ.

Esther 9:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gladness.

Esther 9:22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to joy...

Esther 8:17 And in every province, and in every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness...

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Nehemiah 8:10-12 Then he said to them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions to them for whom nothing is prepared...

Psalm 118:11-16 They compassed me about; yes, they compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD I will destroy them...

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell on the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another...

sending portions. The eastern princes and people not only invite their friends to feasts, but it is their custom to send a portion of the banquet to those that cannot well attend, especially their relations, and those in a state of mourning. Thus, when the Grand Emir found that it incommoded M. D'Arvieux to eat with him, he desired him to take his own time for eating, and sent him from his kitchen what he liked best.

Cross References
Esther 9:19
Therefore the Jews of the villages, who live in the rural towns, hold the fourteenth day of the month of Adar as a day for gladness and feasting, as a holiday, and as a day on which they send gifts of food to one another.

Esther 9:21
obliging them to keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar and also the fifteenth day of the same, year by year,

Esther 9:26
Therefore they called these days Purim, after the term Pur. Therefore, because of all that was written in this letter, and of what they had faced in this matter, and of what had happened to them,

Esther 9:27
the Jews firmly obligated themselves and their offspring and all who joined them, that without fail they would keep these two days according to what was written and at the time appointed every year,

Esther 9:29
Then Queen Esther, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew gave full written authority, confirming this second letter about Purim.

Jeremiah 29:1
These are the words of the letter that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem to the surviving elders of the exiles, and to the priests, the prophets, and all the people, whom Nebuchadnezzar had taken into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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