Deuteronomy 31:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And the LORD said to Moses: "You are going to rest with your ancestors, and these people will soon prostitute themselves to the foreign gods of the land they are entering. They will forsake me and break the covenant I made with them.

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the strange gods of the land into which they enter, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them.

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses, "Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up, and play the prostitute after the strange gods of the land, where they go to be among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Lo, thou art lying down with thy fathers, and this people hath risen, and gone a-whoring after the gods of the stranger of the land into the midst of which it hath entered, and forsaken Me, and broken My covenant which I made with it;

Deuteronomy 31:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers - שכב shocheb, thou shalt lie down; it signifies to rest, take rest in sleep, and, metaphorically, to die. Much stress cannot be safely laid on this expression to prove the immortality of the soul, or that the people in the time of Moses had a distinct notion of its separate existence. It was, however, understood in this sense by Jonathan ben Uzziel, who in his Targum paraphrases the word thus: "Thou shalt lie down in the dust with thy fathers; and thy soul (נשמתך nishmethach) shall be laid up in the treasury of the life to come with thy fathers."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou shalt

Genesis 25:8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.

2 Samuel 7:12 And when your days be fulfilled, and you shall sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you...

Isaiah 57:2 He shall enter into peace: they shall rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness.

Acts 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid to his fathers, and saw corruption:

sleep [heb] lie down Shochaiv, `lying down:' it signifies to rest, take rest in sleep, and metaphorically, to die. Though much stress cannot be safely laid upon the expression to prove the immortality of the soul, or that the people, in the time of Moses, had a distinct notion of its separate existence; yet is was understood in this sense by Jonathan, who paraphrases the words thus, `Thou shalt lie down in the dust with thy fathers; and thy soul {nishmatoch) shall be laid up in the treasury of the life to come, with thy fathers.'

Job 20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

and go a

Exodus 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings...

Exodus 34:15 Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice to their gods...

Leviticus 20:3-6 And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people; because he has given of his seed to Molech...

Judges 2:17-20 And yet they would not listen to their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves to them...

Psalm 73:27 For, see, they that are far from you shall perish: you have destroyed all them that go a whoring from you.

Psalm 106:39 Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with their own inventions.

Isaiah 57:3-8 But draw near here, you sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore...

Jeremiah 3:1-3 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man's, shall he return to her again...

Ezekiel 16:15,25-36 But you did trust in your own beauty, and played the harlot because of your renown...

Ezekiel 23:5-8 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbors...

Hosea 2:2-5 Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband...

Revelation 17:2-5 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication...

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication...

forsake me

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Judges 2:12 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods...

Judges 10:6,13 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria...

Jeremiah 2:11-13 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which does not profit...

break me

Leviticus 26:15 And if you shall despise my statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that you will not do all my commandments...

Judges 2:20 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said...

Jeremiah 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land...

Library
Pilgrim Song
Gerhard Ter Steegen Deut. xxxi. 8 On, O beloved children, The evening is at hand, And desolate and fearful The solitary land. Take heart! the rest eternal Awaits our weary feet; From strength to strength press onwards, The end, how passing sweet! Lo, we can tread rejoicing The narrow pilgrim road; We know the voice that calls us, We know our faithful God. Come, children, on to glory! With every face set fast Towards the golden towers Where we shall rest at last. It was with voice of singing We
Frances Bevan—Hymns of Ter Steegen, Suso, and Others

Josiah, a Pattern for the Ignorant.
"Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the Lord, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before Me; I also have heard thee, saith the Lord. Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place."--2 Kings
John Henry Newman—Parochial and Plain Sermons, Vol. VIII

Cross References
Genesis 15:15
You, however, will go to your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age.

Genesis 47:30
but when I rest with my fathers, carry me out of Egypt and bury me where they are buried." "I will do as you say," he said.

Exodus 34:15
"Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.

Deuteronomy 4:25
After you have had children and grandchildren and have lived in the land a long time--if you then become corrupt and make any kind of idol, doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God and arousing his anger,

Judges 2:11
Then the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD and served the Baals.

Judges 2:12
They forsook the LORD, the God of their ancestors, who had brought them out of Egypt. They followed and worshiped various gods of the peoples around them. They aroused the LORD's anger

Judges 10:6
Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD. They served the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites and the gods of the Philistines. And because the Israelites forsook the LORD and no longer served him,

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