Deuteronomy 31:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And in that day I will become angry with them and forsake them; I will hide my face from them, and they will be destroyed. Many disasters and calamities will come on them, and in that day they will ask, 'Have not these disasters come on us because our God is not with us?'

King James Bible
Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us, because our God is not among us?

Darby Bible Translation
And my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them, and they will say in that day, Have not these evils befallen me because my God is not in my midst?

World English Bible
Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall come on them; so that they will say in that day, 'Haven't these evils come on us because our God is not among us?'

Young's Literal Translation
and Mine anger hath burned against it in that day, and I have forsaken them, and hidden My face from them, and it hath been for consumption, and many evils and distresses have found it, and it hath said in that day, Is it not because that my God is not in my midst -- these evils have found me?

Deuteronomy 31:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers - שכב shocheb, thou shalt lie down; it signifies to rest, take rest in sleep, and, metaphorically, to die. Much stress cannot be safely laid on this expression to prove the immortality of the soul, or that the people in the time of Moses had a distinct notion of its separate existence. It was, however, understood in this sense by Jonathan ben Uzziel, who in his Targum paraphrases the word thus: "Thou shalt lie down in the dust with thy fathers; and thy soul (נשמתך nishmethach) shall be laid up in the treasury of the life to come with thy fathers."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

my anger

Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man...

Deuteronomy 32:21,22 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities...

Judges 2:14,15 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them...

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...

Psalm 90:11 Who knows the power of your anger? even according to your fear, so is your wrath.

I will forsake

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind...

2 Chronicles 15:2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said to him, Hear you me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD is with you...

Jeremiah 23:33,39 And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask you, saying, What is the burden of the LORD? you shall then say to them...

Hosea 9:12 Though they bring up their children, yet will I bereave them, that there shall not be a man left: yes...

hide my face Though this may allude to the withdrawing of the Shechinah, or visible appearance of Jehovah, yet the general meaning of the expression in Scripture is, the withdrawing of his approbation and protection, of which his visible appearance was formerly the sign and pledge.

Deuteronomy 32:20 And he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very fraudulent generation...

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Psalm 27:9 Hide not your face far from me; put not your servant away in anger: you have been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me...

Psalm 30:7 LORD, by your favor you have made my mountain to stand strong: you did hide your face, and I was troubled.

Psalm 89:46 How long, LORD? will you hide yourself for ever? shall your wrath burn like fire?

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Isaiah 8:17 And I will wait on the LORD, that hides his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

Isaiah 64:7 And there is none that calls on your name, that stirs up himself to take hold of you: for you have hid your face from us...

Ezekiel 39:23,24,29 And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me...

befall them [heb] find them

Nehemiah 9:32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keep covenant and mercy...

Job 34:11 For the work of a man shall he render to him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

Are not these

Deuteronomy 29:24-27 Even all nations shall say, Why has the LORD done thus to this land? what means the heat of this great anger...

Numbers 14:42 Go not up, for the LORD is not among you; that you be not smitten before your enemies.

Judges 6:13 And Gideon said to him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us?...

Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why have you made us to err from your ways, and hardened our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake...

Library
Pilgrim Song
Gerhard Ter Steegen Deut. xxxi. 8 On, O beloved children, The evening is at hand, And desolate and fearful The solitary land. Take heart! the rest eternal Awaits our weary feet; From strength to strength press onwards, The end, how passing sweet! Lo, we can tread rejoicing The narrow pilgrim road; We know the voice that calls us, We know our faithful God. Come, children, on to glory! With every face set fast Towards the golden towers Where we shall rest at last. It was with voice of singing We
Frances Bevan—Hymns of Ter Steegen, Suso, and Others

Josiah, a Pattern for the Ignorant.
"Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the Lord, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before Me; I also have heard thee, saith the Lord. Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place."--2 Kings
John Henry Newman—Parochial and Plain Sermons, Vol. VIII

Cross References
Numbers 14:42
Do not go up, because the LORD is not with you. You will be defeated by your enemies,

Deuteronomy 31:18
And I will certainly hide my face in that day because of all their wickedness in turning to other gods.

Judges 2:14
In his anger against Israel the LORD gave them into the hands of raiders who plundered them. He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, whom they were no longer able to resist.

Judges 6:13
"Pardon me, my lord," Gideon replied, "but if the LORD is with us, why has all this happened to us? Where are all his wonders that our ancestors told us about when they said, 'Did not the LORD bring us up out of Egypt?' But now the LORD has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Midian."

Judges 10:6
Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD. They served the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites and the gods of the Philistines. And because the Israelites forsook the LORD and no longer served him,

1 Kings 8:57
May the LORD our God be with us as he was with our ancestors; may he never leave us nor forsake us.

2 Kings 22:13
"Go and inquire of the LORD for me and for the people and for all Judah about what is written in this book that has been found. Great is the LORD's anger that burns against us because those who have gone before us have not obeyed the words of this book; they have not acted in accordance with all that is written there concerning us."

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