Deuteronomy 26:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then you shall declare before the LORD your God: "My father was a wandering Aramean, and he went down into Egypt with a few people and lived there and became a great nation, powerful and numerous.

King James Bible
And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous:

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt speak and say before Jehovah thy God, A perishing Aramean was my father, and he went down to Egypt with a few, and sojourned there, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous.

World English Bible
You shall answer and say before Yahweh your God, "A Syrian ready to perish was my father; and he went down into Egypt, and lived there, few in number; and he became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous.

Young's Literal Translation
And thou hast answered and said before Jehovah thy God, A perishing Aramaean is my father! and he goeth down to Egypt, and sojourneth there with few men, and becometh there a nation, great, mighty, and numerous;

Deuteronomy 26:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A Syrian ready to perish was my father - This passage has been variously understood, both by the ancient versions and by modern commentators. The Vulgate renders it thus: Syrus persequebatur patrem meum, "A Syrian persecuted my father." The Septuagint thus: Συριαν απεβαλεν ὁ πατηρ μου, "My father abandoned Syria." The Targum thus: לבן ארמאה בעא לאובדא ית אבא Laban arammaah bea leobada yath abba, "Laban the Syrian endeavored to destroy my father." The Syriac: "My father was led out of Syria into Egypt." The Arabic: "Surely, Laban the Syrian had almost destroyed my father." The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel: "Our father Jacob went at first into Syria of Mesopotamia, and Laban sought to destroy him."

Father Houbigant dissents from all, and renders the original thus: Fames urgebat patrem meum, qui in Aegyptum descendit, "Famine oppressed my father, who went down into Egypt." This interpretation Houbigant gives the text, by taking the י yod from the word ארמי arammi, which signifies an Aramite or Syrian, and joining it to יאבד yeabud, the future for the perfect, which is common enough in Hebrew, and which may signify constrained; and seeking for the meaning of ארם aram in the Arabic arama, which signifies famine, dearth, etc., he thus makes out his version, and this version he defends at large in his notes. It is pretty evident, from the text, that by a Syrian we are to understand Jacob, so called from his long residence in Syria with his father-in-law Laban. And his being ready to perish may signify the hard usage and severe labor he had in Laban's service, by which, as his health was much impaired, so his life might have often been in imminent danger.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A Syrian Jacob being called a Syrian from his long residence in Padan-aram

Genesis 24:4 But you shall go to my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife to my son Isaac.

Genesis 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram...

Genesis 28:5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padanaram to Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah...

Genesis 31:20,24 And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled...

Hosea 12:12 And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

ready

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart...

Genesis 31:40 Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from my eyes.

Genesis 43:1,2,12 And the famine was sore in the land...

Genesis 45:7,11 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance...

Isaiah 51:1,2 Listen to me, you that follow after righteousness, you that seek the LORD: look to the rock from where you are hewn...

he went down

Genesis 46:1-7 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac...

Psalm 105:23,24 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham...

Acts 7:15 So Jacob went down into Egypt, and died, he, and our fathers,

a few

Deuteronomy 7:7 The LORD did not set his love on you, nor choose you, because you were more in number than any people...

Genesis 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt...

Exodus 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

became

Deuteronomy 10:22 Your fathers went down into Egypt with three score and ten persons...

Genesis 47:27 And Israel dwelled in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew...

Exodus 1:7,12 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty...

Library
The Quiet Land
Gerhard Ter Steegen Deut. xxvi. 9 Stillness midst the ever-changing, Lord, my rest art Thou; So for me has dawned the morning, God's eternal NOW. Now for me the day unsetting, Now the song begun; Now, the deep surpassing glory, Brighter than the sun. Hail! all hail! thou peaceful country Of eternal calm; Summer land of milk and honey, Where the streams are balm. There the Lord my Shepherd leads me, Wheresoe'er He will; In the fresh green pastures feeds me, By the waters still. Well I know them,
Frances Bevan—Hymns of Ter Steegen, Suso, and Others

Manner of Covenanting.
Previous to an examination of the manner of engaging in the exercise of Covenanting, the consideration of God's procedure towards his people while performing the service seems to claim regard. Of the manner in which the great Supreme as God acts, as well as of Himself, our knowledge is limited. Yet though even of the effects on creatures of His doings we know little, we have reason to rejoice that, in His word He has informed us, and in His providence illustrated by that word, he has given us to
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Cross References
Genesis 12:2
"I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing.

Genesis 43:1
Now the famine was still severe in the land.

Genesis 46:3
"I am God, the God of your father," he said. "Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there.

Genesis 46:6
So Jacob and all his offspring went to Egypt, taking with them their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in Canaan.

Genesis 46:27
With the two sons who had been born to Joseph in Egypt, the members of Jacob's family, which went to Egypt, were seventy in all.

Genesis 47:4
They also said to him, "We have come to live here for a while, because the famine is severe in Canaan and your servants' flocks have no pasture. So now, please let your servants settle in Goshen."

Genesis 47:27
Now the Israelites settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. They acquired property there and were fruitful and increased greatly in number.

Jump to Previous
Aramean Egypt Mighty Nation Perish Populous Ready Response Sojourned Speak Syrian Wandering
Jump to Next
Aramean Egypt Mighty Nation Perish Populous Ready Response Sojourned Speak Syrian Wandering
Links
Deuteronomy 26:5 NIV
Deuteronomy 26:5 NLT
Deuteronomy 26:5 ESV
Deuteronomy 26:5 NASB
Deuteronomy 26:5 KJV

Deuteronomy 26:5 Bible Apps
Deuteronomy 26:5 Biblia Paralela
Deuteronomy 26:5 Chinese Bible
Deuteronomy 26:5 French Bible
Deuteronomy 26:5 German Bible

Deuteronomy 26:5 Commentaries

THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.

Bible Hub
Deuteronomy 26:4
Top of Page
Top of Page