Amos 1:11
Parallel Verses
New International Version
This is what the LORD says: "For three sins of Edom, even for four, I will not relent. Because he pursued his brother with a sword and slaughtered the women of the land, because his anger raged continually and his fury flamed unchecked,

King James Bible
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever:

Darby Bible Translation
Thus saith Jehovah: For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not revoke its sentence; because he pursued his brother with the sword, and cast off all pity; and his anger did tear continually, and he kept his wrath for ever.

World English Bible
Thus says Yahweh: "For three transgressions of Edom, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because he pursued his brother with the sword, and cast off all pity, and his anger raged continually, and he kept his wrath forever;

Young's Literal Translation
Thus said Jehovah: For three transgressions of Edom, And for four, I do not reverse it, Because of his pursuing with a sword his brother, And he hath destroyed his mercies, And tear perpetually doth his anger, And his wrath -- he hath kept it for ever,

Amos 1:11 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For three transgressions of Edom - That the Edomites (notwithstanding what Calmet observes above of the brotherly covenant) were always implacable enemies of the Jews, is well known; but most probably that which the prophet has in view was the part they took in distressing the Jews when Jerusalem was besieged, and finally taken, by the Chaldeans. See Obadiah 1:11-14; Ezekiel 25:12; Ezekiel 35:5; Psalm 137:7.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Edom.

Isaiah 21:11,12 The burden of Dumah. He calls to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night...

Isaiah 34:1-17 Come near, you nations, to hear; and listen, you people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein...

Isaiah 63:1-7 Who is this that comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel...

Jeremiah 49:7-22 Concerning Edom, thus said the LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent...

Ezekiel 25:12-14 Thus said the Lord GOD; Because that Edom has dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended...

Ezekiel 35:1-15 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying...

Obadiah 1:1-14 The vision of Obadiah. Thus said the Lord GOD concerning Edom; We have heard a rumor from the LORD...

Malachi 1:4 Whereas Edom said, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus said the LORD of hosts, They shall build...

because.

Genesis 27:40,41 And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion...

Numbers 20:14-21 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, Thus said your brother Israel...

Deuteronomy 2:4-8 And command you the people, saying, You are to pass through the coast of your brothers the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir...

Deuteronomy 23:7 You shall not abhor an Edomite; for he is your brother: you shall not abhor an Egyptian; because you were a stranger in his land.

2 Chronicles 28:17 For again the Edomites had come and smitten Judah, and carried away captives.

Psalm 83:3-8 They have taken crafty counsel against your people, and consulted against your hidden ones...

Psalm 137:7 Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Raze it, raze it, even to the foundation thereof.

Lamentations 4:21,22 Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwell in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through to you: you shall be drunken...

Ezekiel 25:12 Thus said the Lord GOD; Because that Edom has dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended...

Ezekiel 35:5,6,11 Because you have had a perpetual hatred...

Joel 3:19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah...

Obadiah 1:10-14 For your violence against your brother Jacob shame shall cover you, and you shall be cut off for ever...

Malachi 1:2 I have loved you, said the LORD. Yet you say, Wherein have you loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? said the LORD...

did cast off all pity. Heb. corrupted his compassions. kept.

Psalm 85:5 Will you be angry with us for ever? will you draw out your anger to all generations?

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?...

Ephesians 4:26,27 Be you angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down on your wrath...

Ephesians 5:1 Be you therefore followers of God, as dear children;

Library
The Prophet Joel.
PRELIMINARY REMARKS. The position which has been assigned to Joel in the collection of the Minor Prophets, furnishes an external argument for the determination of the time at which Joel wrote. There cannot be any doubt that the Collectors were guided by a consideration of the chronology. The circumstance, that they placed the prophecies of Joel just between the two prophets who, according to the inscriptions and contents of their prophecies, belonged to the time of Jeroboam and Uzziah, is
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Whether a Natural Disposition is Requisite for Prophecy?
Objection 1: It would seem that a natural disposition is requisite for prophecy. For prophecy is received by the prophet according to the disposition of the recipient, since a gloss of Jerome on Amos 1:2, "The Lord will roar from Sion," says: "Anyone who wishes to make a comparison naturally turns to those things of which he has experience, and among which his life is spent. For example, sailors compare their enemies to the winds, and their losses to a shipwreck. In like manner Amos, who was a shepherd,
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Numbers 20:14
Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, saying: "This is what your brother Israel says: You know about all the hardships that have come on us.

2 Chronicles 28:17
The Edomites had again come and attacked Judah and carried away prisoners,

Psalm 137:7
Remember, LORD, what the Edomites did on the day Jerusalem fell. "Tear it down," they cried, "tear it down to its foundations!"

Isaiah 34:5
My sword has drunk its fill in the heavens; see, it descends in judgment on Edom, the people I have totally destroyed.

Isaiah 34:6
The sword of the LORD is bathed in blood, it is covered with fat-- the blood of lambs and goats, fat from the kidneys of rams. For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.

Isaiah 57:16
I will not accuse them forever, nor will I always be angry, for then they would faint away because of me-- the very people I have created.

Isaiah 63:1
Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah, with his garments stained crimson? Who is this, robed in splendor, striding forward in the greatness of his strength? "It is I, proclaiming victory, mighty to save."

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