1 Samuel 20:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So David said, "Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow.

King James Bible
And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.

Darby Bible Translation
And David said to Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening.

World English Bible
David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to dine with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field to the third day at evening.

Young's Literal Translation
And David saith unto Jonathan, 'Lo, the new moon is to-morrow; and I do certainly sit with the king to eat; and thou hast sent me away, and I have been hidden in a field till the third evening;

1 Samuel 20:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

To-morrow is the new moon - The months of the Hebrews were lunar months, and they reckoned from new moon to new moon. And as their other feasts, particularly the passover, were reckoned according to this, they were very scrupulous in observing the first appearance of each new moon. On these new moons they offered sacrifices, and had a feast; as we learn from Numbers 10:10; Numbers 28:11. And we may suppose that the families, on such occasions, sacrificed and feasted together. To this David seems to refer; but the gathering together all the families of a whole tribe seems to have taken place only once in the year. There is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family, 1 Samuel 20:6.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the new moon The months of the Hebrew were lunar months, and they reckoned from one new moon to another: and, as their feasts, particularly the passover, were reckoned according to this, they were very scrupulous in observing the first appearance of each new moon. On these new moons, they offered sacrifices, and feasted together: but the gathering together of all the families of a tribe on such occasions seems to have taken place only once in the year.

1 Samuel 20:6 If your father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city...

Numbers 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months...

Numbers 28:11 And in the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram...

2 Kings 4:23 And he said, Why will you go to him to day? it is neither new moon, nor sabbath. And she said, It shall be well.

Psalm 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

that I may

1 Samuel 20:19 And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly...

1 Samuel 19:2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeks to kill you: now therefore...

Psalm 55:12 For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it...

Proverbs 22:3 A prudent man foresees the evil, and hides himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.

John 8:59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the middle of them...

Acts 17:14 And then immediately the brothers sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus stayed there still.

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Numbers 10:10
Also at your times of rejoicing--your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts--you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your God. I am the LORD your God."

Numbers 28:11
"'On the first of every month, present to the LORD a burnt offering of two young bulls, one ram and seven male lambs a year old, all without defect.

1 Samuel 19:2
and warned him, "My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard tomorrow morning; go into hiding and stay there.

1 Samuel 20:4
Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you want me to do, I'll do for you."

1 Samuel 20:18
Then Jonathan said to David, "Tomorrow is the New Moon feast. You will be missed, because your seat will be empty.

1 Samuel 20:24
So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat.

1 Samuel 20:27
But the next day, the second day of the month, David's place was empty again. Then Saul said to his son Jonathan, "Why hasn't the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?"

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