1 Samuel 10:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him, saying, "Has not the LORD anointed you ruler over his inheritance?

King James Bible
Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?

Darby Bible Translation
Then Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because Jehovah has anointed thee prince over his inheritance?

World English Bible
Then Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it on his head, and kissed him, and said, "Isn't it that Yahweh has anointed you to be prince over his inheritance?

Young's Literal Translation
And Samuel taketh the vial of the oil, and poureth on his head, and kisseth him, and saith, 'Is it not because Jehovah hath appointed thee over His inheritance for leader?

1 Samuel 10:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Took a vial of oil - The reasons of this rite the reader will find largely stated in the note on Exodus 29:7. The anointing mentioned here took place in the open field. See the preceding chapter, 1 Samuel 9:26-27 (note). How simple was the ancient ceremony of consecrating a king! A prophet or priest poured oil upon his head, and kissed him; and said, Thus the Lord hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance. This was the whole of the ceremony. Even in this anointing, Saul is not acknowledged as king, but simply נגיד nagid, a captain - one who goes before and leads the people.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a vial

1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder on them...

1 Samuel 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send you a man out of the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him to be captain over my people Israel...

1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the middle of his brothers...

1 Samuel 24:6 And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD's anointed...

1 Samuel 26:11 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth my hand against the LORD's anointed: but, I pray you...

2 Kings 9:3-6 Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, Thus said the LORD, I have anointed you king over Israel...

Acts 13:21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave to them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin...

Revelation 5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps...

kissed him

2 Samuel 19:39 And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him...

1 Kings 19:18 Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed to Baal, and every mouth which has not kissed him.

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...

Hosea 13:2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, and idols according to their own understanding...

1 Thessalonians 5:26 Greet all the brothers with an holy kiss.

captain

1 Samuel 8:9,19 Now therefore listen to their voice: however, yet protest solemnly to them...

1 Samuel 13:14 But now your kingdom shall not continue: the LORD has sought him a man after his own heart...

Joshua 5:14,15 And he said, No; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship...

2 Samuel 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were he that led out and brought in Israel: and the LORD said to you...

2 Kings 20:5 Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus said the LORD, the God of David your father, I have heard your prayer...

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory...

his inheritance

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Deuteronomy 32:9 For the LORD's portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.

Psalm 78:71 From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.

Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob to himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.

Jeremiah 10:16 The portion of Jacob is not like them: for he is the former of all things; and Israel is the rod of his inheritance...

Library
The King after Man's Heart
'And Samuel called the people together unto the Lord to Mizpeh; 18. And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you; 19. And ye have this day rejected your God, who Himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto Him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Earliest Chapters in Divine Revelation
[Sidenote: The nature of inspiration] Since the days of the Greek philosophers the subject of inspiration and revelation has been fertile theme for discussion and dispute among scholars and theologians. Many different theories have been advanced, and ultimately abandoned as untenable. In its simplest meaning and use, inspiration describes the personal influence of one individual upon the mind and spirit of another. Thus we often say, "That man inspired me." What we are or do under the influence
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Cross References
Acts 13:21
Then the people asked for a king, and he gave them Saul son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, who ruled forty years.

Exodus 30:23
"Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant calamus,

Deuteronomy 32:9
For the LORD's portion is his people, Jacob his allotted inheritance.

1 Samuel 9:16
"About this time tomorrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin. Anoint him ruler over my people Israel; he will deliver them from the hand of the Philistines. I have looked on my people, for their cry has reached me."

1 Samuel 9:27
As they were going down to the edge of the town, Samuel said to Saul, "Tell the servant to go on ahead of us"--and the servant did so--"but you stay here for a while, so that I may give you a message from God."

1 Samuel 12:3
Here I stand. Testify against me in the presence of the LORD and his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe to make me shut my eyes? If I have done any of these things, I will make it right."

1 Samuel 15:1
Samuel said to Saul, "I am the one the LORD sent to anoint you king over his people Israel; so listen now to the message from the LORD.

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