Psalm 55:4
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
My heart is in anguish within me, And the terrors of death have fallen upon me.

King James Bible
My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.

Darby Bible Translation
My heart is writhing within me, and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.

World English Bible
My heart is severely pained within me. The terrors of death have fallen on me.

Young's Literal Translation
My heart is pained within me, And terrors of death have fallen on me.

Psalm 55:4 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

My heart is sore pained within me - Heavy and sad; that is, I am deeply afflicted. The word rendered is "sore pained," means properly to turn round; to twist; to dance in a circle; to be whirled round; and then to twist or writhe with pain, especially applied to a woman in travail, Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 23:4; Isaiah 26:18. Here the idea is, that he was in deep distress and anguish. It is easy to see that this would be so, if the psalm refers to the revolt of Absalom. The ingratitude and rebellion of a son - the fact of being driven away from his throne - the number of his enemies - the unexpected news that Ahithophel was among them - and the entire uncertainty as to the result, justified the use of this strong language.

And the terrors of death are fallen upon me - The Septuagint, the Vulgate, and Luther, render this "the fear of death," as if he were afraid for his life, or afraid that the result of all this would be his death. A more natural construction, however, is to suppose that the reference is to the ordinary pains of death, and that he means to say that the pangs which he endured were like the pangs of death. The words "are fallen" suggest the idea that this had come suddenly upon him, like a "horror of great darkness" (compare Genesis 15:12), or as if the gloomy shadow of death had suddenly crossed his path. Compare the notes at Psalm 23:4. The calamities had come suddenly upon him; the conspiracy had been suddenly developed; and he had been suddenly driven away.

Psalm 55:4 Parallel Commentaries

Library
The Arrest
Our study of the closing scenes of the life of our Lord begins at the point where He fell into the hands of the representatives of justice; and this took place at the gate of Gethsemane and at the midnight hour. On the eastern side of Jerusalem, the ground slopes downwards to the bed of the Brook Kedron; and on the further side of the stream rises the Mount of Olives. The side of the hill was laid out in gardens or orchards belonging to the inhabitants of the city; and Gethsemane was one of these.
James Stalker—The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ

Concerning Persecution
Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10 We are now come to the last beatitude: Blessed are they which are persecuted . . '. Our Lord Christ would have us reckon the cost. Which of you intending to build a tower sitteth not down first and counteth the cost, whether he have enough to finish it?' (Luke 14:28). Religion will cost us the tears of repentance and the blood of persecution. But we see here a great encouragement that may
Thomas Watson—The Beatitudes: An Exposition of Matthew 5:1-12

Cross References
Psalm 18:4
The cords of death encompassed me, And the torrents of ungodliness terrified me.

Psalm 18:5
The cords of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.

Psalm 38:8
I am benumbed and badly crushed; I groan because of the agitation of my heart.

Psalm 56:3
When I am afraid, I will put my trust in You.

Psalm 116:3
The cords of death encompassed me And the terrors of Sheol came upon me; I found distress and sorrow.

Isaiah 28:19
"As often as it passes through, it will seize you; For morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night, And it will be sheer terror to understand what it means."

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