History of the Christian Church, Volume I
History of the Christian Church, Volume I
Philip Schaff

Table of Contents


Title Page

PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION

FROM THE PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

PREFACE TO THIRD REVISION

ADDENDA

Literature

Section 1. Nature of Church History.

Section 2. Branches of Church History.

Section 3. Sources of Church History.

Section 4. Periods of Church History.

Section 5. Uses of Church History.

Section 6. Duty of the Historian.

Section 7. Literature of Church History.

FIRST PERIOD. THE CHURCH UNDER THE APOSTLES AND HEATHEN WORLD. FROM THE BIRTH OF CHRIST TO THE DEATH OF ST. JOHN, a.d. 1-100

CHAPTER I. PREPARATION FOR CHRISTIANITY IN THE HISTORY OF THE JEWISH AND HEATHEN WORLD.

Section 8. Central Position of Christ in the History of the World.

Section 9. Judaism.

Section 10. The Law, and the Prophecy.

Section 11. Heathenism.

Section 12. Grecian Literature, and the Roman Empire.

Section 13. Judaism and Heathenism in Contact.

CHAPTER II. JESUS CHRIST.

Section 14. Sources and Literature.

Section 15. The Founder of Christianity.

Section 16. Chronology of the Life of Christ.

Section 17. The Land and the People.

Section 18. Apocryphal Traditions.

Section 19. The Resurrection of Christ.

CHAPTER III. THE APOSTOLIC AGE

Section 20. Sources and Literature of the Apostolic Age.

Section 22. The Critical Reconstruction of the History of the Apostolic Age.

Section 23. Chronology of the Apostolic Age.

CHAPTER IV. ST. PETER AND THE CONVERSION OF THE JEWS

Section 24. The Miracle of Pentecost and the Birthday of the Christian

Section 25. The Church of Jerusalem and the Labors of Peter.

Section 26. The Peter of History and the Peter of Fiction.

Section 27. James the Brother of the Lord.

Section 28. Preparation for the Mission to the Gentiles.

CHAPTER V. ST. PAUL AND THE CONVERSION OF THE GENTILES.

Section 29. Sources and Literature on St. Paul and his Work.

Section 30. Paul before his Conversion.

Section 31. The Conversion of Paul.

Section 32. The Work of Paul.

Section 33. Paul's Missionary Labors.

Section 34. The Synod of Jerusalem, and the Compromise between Jewish and Gentile Christianity.

Section 35. The Conservative Reaction, and the Liberal Victory--

Section 36. Christianity in Rome.

CHAPTER VI. THE GREAT TRIBULATION. (MATT. 24:21.)

Section 37. The Roman Conflagration and the Neronian Persecution.

Section 38. The Jewish War and the Destruction of Jerusalem. a.d. 70.

Section 39. Effects of the Destruction of Jerusalem on the Christian Church.

CHAPTER VII. ST. JOHN, AND THE LAST STADIUM OF THE APOSTOLIC PERIOD. THE CONSOLIDATION OF JEWISH AND GENTILE CHRISTIANITY.

Section 40. The Johannean Literature.

Section 41. Life and Character of John

Section 42. Apostolic Labors of John.

Section 43. Traditions Respecting John.

CHAPTER VIII. CHRISTIAN LIFE IN THE APOSTOLIC CHURCH.

Section 44. The Power of Christianity.

Section 45. The Spiritual Gifts.

Section 46. Christianity in Individuals.

Section 47. Christianity and the Family.

Section 48. Christianity and Slavery.

Section 49. Christianity and Society.

Section 50. Spiritual Condition of the Congregations.--The Seven Churches in Asia.

CHAPTER IX. WORSHIP IN THE APOSTOLIC AGE.

Section 51. The Synagogue.

Section 52. Christian Worship.

Section 53. The Several Parts of Worship.

Section 54. Baptism.

Section 55. The Lord's Supper.

Section 56. Sacred Places.

Section 57. Sacred Times--The Lord's Day.

CHAPTER X. ORGANIZATION OF THE APOSTOLIC CHURCH.

Section 58. Literature.

Section 59. The Christian Ministry, and its Relation to the Christian Community.

Section 60. Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists.

Section 61. Presbyters or Bishops. The Angels of the Seven Churches. James of Jerusalem.

Section 62. Deacons and Deaconesses.

Section 63. Church Discipline.

Section 64. The Council at Jerusalem.

Section 65. The Church and the Kingdom of Christ.

CHAPTER XI. THEOLOGY OF THE APOSTOLIC CHURCH.

Section 66. Literature.

Section 67. Unity of Apostolic Teaching.

Section 68. Different Types of Apostolic Teaching.

Section 69. The Jewish Christian Theology--I. James and the Gospel of Law.

Section 70. II. Peter and the Gospel of Hope.

Section 71. The Gentile Christian Theology. Paul and the Gospel of Faith.

Section72. John and the Gospel of Love.

Section 73. Heretical Perversions of the Apostolic Teaching.

CHAPTER XII. THE NEW TESTAMENT.

Section 74. Literature.

Section 75. Rise of the Apostolic Literature.

Section 76. Character of the New Testament.

Section 77. Literature on the Gospels.

Section 78. The Four Gospels.

Section 79. The Synoptists.

Section 80. Matthew.

Section 81. Mark.

Section 82. Luke.

Section 83. John.

Section 84. Critical Review of the Johannean Problem.

Section 85. The Acts of the Apostles.

Section 86. The Epistles.

Section 87. The Catholic Epistles.

Section 88. The Epistles of Paul

Section 89. The Epistles to the Thessalonians.

Section 90. The Epistles to the Corinthians.

Section 91. The Epistles to the Galatians.

Section 92. The Epistle to the Romans.

Section 93. The Epistles of the Captivity.

Section 94. The Epistle to the Colossians.

Section 95. The Epistle to the Ephesians.

Section 96. Colossians and Ephesians Compared and Vindicated.

Section 97. The Epistle to the Philippians.

Section 98. The Epistle to Philemon.

Section 99. The Pastoral Epistles.

Section 100. The Epistle To The Hebrews.

Section 101. The Apocalypse.

Section 102. Concluding Reflections. Faith and Criticism.

**Indexes**

Subject Index




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