Zephaniah 1:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
those who have turned back from following the LORD, who do not seek the LORD or inquire of him.”

King James Bible
And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired for him.

American Standard Version
and them that are turned back from following Jehovah; and those that have not sought Jehovah, nor inquired after him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And them that turn away from following after the Lord, and that have not sought the Lord, nor searched after him.

English Revised Version
and them that are turned back from following the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired after him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And them that have turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired for him.

Zephaniah 1:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But if Israel conquer the nations in such a way as this, then will Jehovah fulfil the peace of His people by the destruction of all the instruments of war, and the extermination of everything of an idolatrous nature, as well as by the judgment of wrath upon all resisting nations. Micah 5:10. "And it comes to pass in that day, is the saying of Jehovah, that I will destroy thy horses out of the midst of thee, and annihilate thy chariots. Micah 5:11. And I shall destroy the cities of thy land, and throw down all thy fortresses. Micah 5:12. And I shall destroy the witchcrafts out of thy hand; and cloud-interpreters shall not be left to thee. Micah 5:13. And I shall destroy thy graven images and thy statutes out of the midst of thee; and thou wilt no more worship the work of thy hands. Micah 5:14. And I shall root out thine idol-groves out of the midst of thee, and destroy thy cities. Micah 5:15. And I shall execute vengeance in wrath and fury upon the nations which have not heard." These verses do not explain Micah 5:8, or state how the extermination of the enemy is to take place, or how Israel is made into a lion destroying the nations that are hostile to it, namely, by the fact that the Lord eradicates from its heart all confidence in horses, chariots, and fortifications, in witchcraft and idolatry (Caspari). This assumption is at variance with the words themselves, and with the strophic arrangement of the chapter. There is nothing about trust in horses, etc., but simply about the extermination of the horses, and everything else in which the idolatrous nation had sought its strength. Moreover, the expression והיה ביּום ההוּא, when compared with והיה in Micah 5:4 and Micah 5:6, shows at once that these verses are intended to depict the last and greatest effect produced by the coming of the Prince of peace in Israel, and overthrows Hengstenberg's assumption, that the prophet here foretels the destructive work of the Lord in Israel, which will precede the destruction of the enemy predicted in Micah 5:10. In that case בּיּום ההוּא would mean "before that day," a meaning which it can never have. The prophet passes rather from the attitude of Israel among the nations, to the description of the internal perfection of the kingdom of God, which does indeed stand in a reciprocal relation to the former and proceed simultaneously with it, but which will not be completed till after the victorious suppression of the foe. Only when the people of God shall have gained the supremacy over all their enemies, will the time have arrived for all the instruments of war to be destroyed. When the world shall be overcome, then will all war cease. The ancient Israel did indeed put its trust in war-horses, and war-chariots, and fortifications (cf. Isaiah 2:7); but the Messianic Israel, or the true people of the Lord, will only put its trust in such things so far as it is not yet pervaded by the power of the peace brought by the Messiah. And the more it appropriates the spiritual power of the Prince of peace, the more will the trust in horses and chariots disappear; so that they will be destroyed, because all war comes to an end (compare Isaiah 9:4-6). And the extermination of everything of an idolatrous nature will go hand in hand with this. Two kinds are mentioned in Micah 5:12 and Micah 5:13, viz., witchcraft and the worship of idols of their own making. As objects of witchcraft there are mentioned keshâphı̄m, lit., witchcrafts of different kinds, but the expression מיּדך limits them to such as are performed with the hand, and me‛ōnenı̄m ( equals ‛ōnenı̄m in Isaiah 2:6), lit., cloud-interpreters, or cloud, i.e., storm makers, from ‛ânan, a kind of witchcraft which cannot be more precisely defined (see Delitzsch on Isaiah, l.c.). Of the objects of the idolatrous worship there are mentioned (after Leviticus 26:1) pesı̄lı̄m, idols made of wood or metal; and מצּבות, stone-images, or stones dedicated to idols (see at 1 Kings 14:23). For Micah 5:12, compare Isaiah 2:8.

Zephaniah 1:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

turned.

1 Samuel 15:11 It repents me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and has not performed my commandments...

Psalm 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he has left off to be wise, and to do good.

Psalm 125:5 As for such as turn aside to their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity...

Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD...

Jeremiah 2:13,17 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns...

Jeremiah 3:10 And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah has not turned to me with her whole heart, but feignedly, said the LORD.

Jeremiah 15:6 You have forsaken me, said the LORD, you are gone backward: therefore will I stretch out my hand against you, and destroy you...

Ezekiel 3:20 Again, When a righteous man does turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumbling-block before him, he shall die...

Hosea 4:15,16 Though you, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not you to Gilgal, neither go you up to Bethaven, nor swear...

Hosea 11:7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt him.

Hebrews 10:38,39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him...

2 Peter 2:18-22 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness...

and those.

Psalm 10:4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts.

Psalm 14:2,3 The LORD looked down from heaven on the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God...

Isaiah 43:22 But you have not called on me, O Jacob; but you have been weary of me, O Israel.

Hosea 7:7 They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: there is none among them that calls to me.

Romans 3:11 There is none that understands, there is none that seeks after God.

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord...

Cross References
Isaiah 1:4
Ah, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, offspring of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! They have forsaken the LORD, they have despised the Holy One of Israel, they are utterly estranged.

Isaiah 9:13
The people did not turn to him who struck them, nor inquire of the LORD of hosts.

Jeremiah 10:25
Pour out your wrath on the nations that know you not, and on the peoples that call not on your name, for they have devoured Jacob; they have devoured him and consumed him, and have laid waste his habitation.

Ezekiel 3:20
Again, if a righteous person turns from his righteousness and commits injustice, and I lay a stumbling block before him, he shall die. Because you have not warned him, he shall die for his sin, and his righteous deeds that he has done shall not be remembered, but his blood I will require at your hand.

Hosea 7:10
The pride of Israel testifies to his face; yet they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him, for all this.

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