Psalm 89:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You have renounced the covenant with your servant; you have defiled his crown in the dust.

King James Bible
Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

American Standard Version
Thou hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant: Thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast overthrown the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his sanctuary on the earth.

English Revised Version
Thou hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown even to the ground.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

Psalm 89:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Now follows the paraphrase of 2 Samuel 7:14, that the faithlessness of David's line in relation to the covenant shall not interfere with (annul) the faithfulness of God - a thought with which one might very naturally console one's self in the reign of Rehoboam. Because God has placed the house of David in a filial relationship to Himself, He will chastise the apostate members as a father chastises his son; cf. Proverbs 23:13. In 1 Chronicles 17:13 the chronicler omits the words of 2 Samuel 7:14 which there provide against perverted action (העוות) on the part of the seed of David; our Psalm proves their originality. But even if, as history shows, this means of chastisement should be ineffectual in the case of individuals, the house of David as such will nevertheless remain ever in a state of favour with Him. In Psalm 89:34 חסדּי לא־אפיר מעמּו corresponds to וחסדּי־לא־יסוּר ממּנּוּ in 2 Samuel 7:15 (lxx, Targum): the fut. Hiph. of פרר is otherwise always אפר; the conjecture אסיר is therefore natural, yet even the lxx translators (ου ̓ μὴ διασκεδάσω) had אפיר before them. שׁקּר בּ as in Psalm 44:18. The covenant with David is sacred with God: He will not profane it (חלּל, to loose the bonds of sanctity). He will fulfil what has gone forth from His lips, i.e., His vow, according to Deuteronomy 23:24 [23], cf. Numbers 30:3 [2]. One thing hath He sworn to David; not: once equals once for all (lxx), for what is introduced by Psalm 89:36 (cf. Psalm 27:4) and follows in Psalm 89:37, Psalm 89:38, is in reality one thing (as in Psalm 62:12, two). He hath sworn it per sanctitatem suam. Thus, and not in sanctuario meo, בּקדשׁי in this passage and Amos 4:2 (cf. on Psalm 60:8) is to be rendered, for elsewhere the expression is בּי, Genesis 22:16; Isaiah 45:23, or בּנפשׁו, Amos 6:8; Jeremiah 51:14, or בּשׁמי, Jeremiah 44:26, or בּימינו, Isaiah 62:8. It is true we do not read any set form of oath in 2 Samuel 7, 1 Chronicles 17, but just as Isaiah, Isaiah 54:9, takes the divine promise in Genesis 8:21 as an oath, so the promise so earnestly and most solemnly pledged to David may be accounted by Psalm-poesy (here and in Psalm 132:11), which reproduces the historical matter of fact, as a promise attested with an oath. With אם in Psalm 89:36 God asserts that He will not disappoint David in reference to this one thing, viz., the perpetuity of his throne. This shall stand for ever as the sun and moon; for these, though they may one day undergo a change (Psalm 102:27), shall nevertheless never be destroyed. In the presence of 2 Samuel 7:16 it looks as if Psalm 89:38 ought to be rendered: and as the witness in the clouds shall it (David's throne) be faithful (perpetual). By the witness in the clouds one would then have to understand the rainbow as the celestial memorial and sign of an everlasting covenant. Thus Luther, Geier, Schmid, and others. But neither this rendering, nor the more natural one, "and as the perpetual, faithful witness in the clouds," is admissible in connection with the absence of the כּ of comparison. Accordingly Hengstenberg, following the example of Jewish expositors, renders: "and the witness in the clouds is perpetual," viz., the moon, so that the continuance of the Davidic line would be associated with the moon, just as the continuance of the condemned earth is with the rainbow. But in what sense would the moon have the name, without example elsewhere, of witness? Just as the Book of Job was the key to the conclusion of Psalm 88, so it is the key to this ambiguous verse of the Psalm before us. It has to be explained according to Job 16:19, where Job says: "Behold in heaven is my witness, and my surety in the heights." Jahve, the אל נאמן (Deuteronomy 7:9), seals His sworn promise with the words, "and the witness in the sky (ethereal heights) is faithful" (cf. concerning this Waw in connection with asseverations, Ew. 340, c). Hengstenberg's objection, that Jahve cannot be called His own witness, is disposed of by the fact that עד frequently signifies the person who testifies anything concerning himself; in this sense, in fact, the whole Tra is called עדוּת ה (the testimony of Jahve).

Psalm 89:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

void

Psalm 89:34-36 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips...

Psalm 77:10 And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most High.

Psalm 116:11 I said in my haste, All men are liars.

John 13:7 Jesus answered and said to him, What I do you know not now; but you shall know hereafter.

profaned

Psalm 89:44 You have made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.

Psalm 74:7 They have cast fire into your sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of your name to the ground.

Psalm 143:3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; he has smitten my life down to the ground; he has made me to dwell in darkness...

Isaiah 25:12 And the fortress of the high fort of your walls shall he bring down, lay low, and bring to the ground, even to the dust.

Isaiah 43:28 Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

Lamentations 5:16 The crown is fallen from our head: woe to us, that we have sinned!

Cross References
Job 19:9
He has stripped from me my glory and taken the crown from my head.

Psalm 74:7
They set your sanctuary on fire; they profaned the dwelling place of your name, bringing it down to the ground.

Psalm 78:59
When God heard, he was full of wrath, and he utterly rejected Israel.

Proverbs 27:24
for riches do not last forever; and does a crown endure to all generations?

Lamentations 2:2
The Lord has swallowed up without mercy all the habitations of Jacob; in his wrath he has broken down the strongholds of the daughter of Judah; he has brought down to the ground in dishonor the kingdom and its rulers.

Lamentations 2:7
The Lord has scorned his altar, disowned his sanctuary; he has delivered into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they raised a clamor in the house of the LORD as on the day of festival.

Lamentations 5:16
The crown has fallen from our head; woe to us, for we have sinned!

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