Psalm 83:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For behold, your enemies make an uproar; those who hate you have raised their heads.

King James Bible
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

American Standard Version
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult; And they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For lo, thy enemies have made a noise: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

English Revised Version
For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

Webster's Bible Translation
For lo, thy enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.

Psalm 83:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

God comes forward and makes Himself heard first of all as censuring and admonishing. The "congregation of God" is, as in Numbers 27:17; Numbers 31:16; Joshua 22:16., "the congregation of (the sons of) Israel," which God has purchased from among the nations (Psalm 74:2), and upon which as its Lawgiver He has set His divine impress. The psalmist and seer sees Elohim standing in this congregation of God. The part. Niph. (as in Isaiah 3:13) denotes not so much the suddenness and unpreparedness, as, rather, the statue-like immobility and terrifying designfulness of His appearance. Within the range of the congregation of God this holds good of the elohim. The right over life and death, with which the administration of justice cannot dispense, is a prerogative of God. From the time of Genesis 9:6, however, He has transferred the execution of this prerogative to mankind, and instituted in mankind an office wielding the sword of justice, which also exists in His theocratic congregation, but here has His positive law as the basis of its continuance and as the rule of its action. Everywhere among men, but here pre-eminently, those in authority are God's delegates and the bearers of His image, and therefore as His representatives are also themselves called elohim, "gods" (which the lxx in Exodus 21:6 renders τὸ κριτήριον τοῦ Θεοῦ, and the Targums here, as in Exodus 22:7-8, Exodus 22:27 uniformly, דּיּניּא). The God who has conferred this exercise of power upon these subordinate elohim, without their resigning it of themselves, now sits in judgment in their midst. ישׁפּט of that which takes place before the mind's eye of the psalmist. How long, He asks, will ye judge unjustly? שׁפט עול is equivalent to עשׂה עול בּמּשׁפּט, Leviticus 19:15, Leviticus 19:35 (the opposite is שׁפט מישׁרים, Psalm 58:2). How long will ye accept the countenance of the wicked, i.e., incline to accept, regard, favour the person of the wicked? The music, which here becomes forte, gives intensity to the terrible sternness (das Niederdonnernde) of the divine question, which seeks to bring the "gods" of the earth to their right mind. Then follow admonitions to do that which they have hitherto left undone. They are to cause the benefit of the administration of justice to tend to the advantage of the defenceless, of the destitute, and of the helpless, upon whom God the Lawgiver especially keeps His eye. The word רשׁ (ראשׁ), of which there is no evidence until within the time of David and Solomon, is synonymous with אביון. דל with ויתום is pointed דל, and with ואביון, on account of the closer notional union, דל (as in Psalm 72:13). They are words which are frequently repeated in the prophets, foremost in Isaiah (Isaiah 1:17), with which is enjoined upon those invested with the dignity of the law, and with jurisdiction, justice towards those who cannot and will not themselves obtain their rights by violence.

Psalm 83:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for, lo

Psalm 2:1,2 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing...

Psalm 74:4,23 Your enemies roar in the middle of your congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs...

2 Kings 19:28 Because your rage against me and your tumult is come up into my ears, therefore I will put my hook in your nose...

Isaiah 37:29 Because your rage against me, and your tumult, is come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose...

Jeremiah 1:19 And they shall fight against you; but they shall not prevail against you; for I am with you, said the LORD, to deliver you.

Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water...

Acts 4:25-27 Who by the mouth of your servant David have said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things...

Acts 16:22 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat them.

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took to them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company...

Acts 19:28 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

Acts 21:30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple...

Acts 22:22 And they gave him audience to this word, and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a fellow from the earth...

Acts 23:10 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them...

that hate

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but their time should have endured for ever.

lifted

Psalm 75:4,5 I said to the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn...

Psalm 93:3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high?...

Daniel 5:20-23 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

Cross References
Judges 8:28
So Midian was subdued before the people of Israel, and they raised their heads no more. And the land had rest forty years in the days of Gideon.

Psalm 2:1
Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain?

Psalm 81:15
Those who hate the LORD would cringe toward him, and their fate would last forever.

Isaiah 17:12
Ah, the thunder of many peoples; they thunder like the thundering of the sea! Ah, the roar of nations; they roar like the roaring of mighty waters!

Jeremiah 11:16
The LORD once called you 'a green olive tree, beautiful with good fruit.' But with the roar of a great tempest he will set fire to it, and its branches will be consumed.

Zechariah 1:21
And I said, "What are these coming to do?" He said, "These are the horns that scattered Judah, so that no one raised his head. And these have come to terrify them, to cast down the horns of the nations who lifted up their horns against the land of Judah to scatter it."

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