Psalm 81:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But he would feed you with the finest of the wheat, and with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.”

King James Bible
He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.

American Standard Version
He would feed them also with the finest of the wheat; And with honey out of the rock would I satisfy thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he fed them with the fat of wheat, and filled them with honey out of the rock.

English Revised Version
He should feed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I satisfy thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
He would have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock I should have satisfied thee.

Psalm 81:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

It is a gentle but profoundly earnest festival discourse which God the Redeemer addresses to His redeemed people. It begins, as one would expect in a Passover speech, with a reference to the סבלות of Egypt (Exodus 1:11-14; Exodus 5:4; Exodus 6:6.), and to the duwd, the task-basket for the transport of the clay and of the bricks (Exodus 1:14; Exodus 5:7.).

(Note: In the Papyrus Leydensis i. 346 the Israelites are called the "Aperiu (עברים), who dragged along the stones for the great watch-tower of the city of Rameses," and in the Pap. Leyd. i. 349, according to Lauth, the "Aperiu, who dragged along the stones for the storehouse of the city of Rameses.")

Out of such distress did He free the poor people who cried for deliverance (Exodus 2:23-25); He answered them בּסתר רעם, i.e., not (according to Psalm 22:22; Isaiah 32:2): affording them protection against the storm, but (according to Psalm 18:12; Psalm 77:17.): out of the thunder-clouds in which He at the same time revealed and veiled Himself, casting down the enemies of Israel with His lightnings, which is intended to refer pre-eminently to the passage through the Red Sea (vid., Psalm 77:19); and He proved them (אבחנך, with ŏ contracted from ō, cf. on Job 35:6) at the waters of Merbah, viz., whether they would trust Him further on after such glorious tokens of His power and loving-kindness. The name "Waters of Merı̂bah," which properly is borne only by Merı̂bath Kadesh, the place of the giving of water in the fortieth year (Numbers 20:13; Numbers 27:14; Deuteronomy 32:51; Deuteronomy 33:8), is here transferred to the place of the giving of water in the first year, which was named Massah u-Merı̂bah (Exodus 17:7), as the remembrances of these two miracles, which took place under similar circumstances, in general blend together (vid., on Psalm 95:8.). It is not now said that Israel did not act in response to the expectation of God, who had son wondrously verified Himself; the music, as Seal imports, here rises, and makes a long and forcible pause in what is being said. What now follows further, are, as the further progress of Psalm 81:12 shows, the words of God addressed to the Israel of the desert, which at the same time with its faithfulness are brought to the remembrance of the Israel of the present. העיד בּ, as in Psalm 50:7; Deuteronomy 8:19, to bear testimony that concerns him against any one. אם (according to the sense, o si, as in Psalm 95:7, which is in many ways akin to this Psalm) properly opens a searching question which wishes that the thing asked may come about (whether thou wilt indeed give me a willing hearing?!). In Psalm 81:10 the key-note of the revelation of the Law from Sinai is struck: the fundamental command which opens the decalogue demanded fidelity to Jahve and forbade idol-worship as the sin of sins. אל זר is an idol in opposition to the God of Israel as the true God; and אל נכר, a strange god in opposition to the true God as the God of Israel. To this one God Israel ought to yield itself all the more undividedly and heartily as it was more manifestly indebted entirely to Him, who in His condescension had chosen it, and in His wonder-working might had redeemed it (המּעלך, part. Hiph. with the eh elided, like הפּדך, Deuteronomy 13:6, and אכלך, from כּלּה, Exodus 33:3); and how easy this submission ought to have been to it, since He desired nothing in return for the rich abundance of His good gifts, which satisfy and quicken body and soul, but only a wide-opened mouth, i.e., a believing longing, hungering for mercy and eager for salvation (Psalm 119:131)!

Psalm 81:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fed

Psalm 147:14 He makes peace in your borders, and fills you with the finest of the wheat.

Deuteronomy 32:13,14 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields...

Joel 2:24 And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with wine and oil.

finest of the wheat. Heb. fat of wheat
honey

Judges 14:8,9,18 And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcass of the lion: and, behold...

1 Samuel 14:25,26 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey on the ground...

Job 29:6 When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil;

Cross References
Numbers 18:12
All the best of the oil and all the best of the wine and of the grain, the firstfruits of what they give to the LORD, I give to you.

Deuteronomy 32:13
He made him ride on the high places of the land, and he ate the produce of the field, and he suckled him with honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock.

Deuteronomy 32:14
Curds from the herd, and milk from the flock, with fat of lambs, rams of Bashan and goats, with the very finest of the wheat-- and you drank foaming wine made from the blood of the grape.

Job 29:6
when my steps were washed with butter, and the rock poured out for me streams of oil!

Psalm 147:14
He makes peace in your borders; he fills you with the finest of the wheat.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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