Psalm 8:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place,

King James Bible
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

American Standard Version
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, The moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For I will behold thy heavens, the works of thy fingers: the moon and the stars which thou hast founded.

English Revised Version
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Webster's Bible Translation
When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers; the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

Psalm 8:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 7:15-18) This closing strophe foretells to the enemy of God, as if dictated by the judge, what awaits him; and concludes with a prospect of thanksgiving and praise. Man brings forth what he has conceived, he reaps what he has sown. Starting from this primary passage, we find the punishment which sin brings with it frequently represented under these figures of הדה and ילד (הוליד, חבּל, חיל), זרע and קצר, and first of all in Job 15:35. The act, guilt, and punishment of sin appear in general as notions that run into one another. David sees in the sin of his enemies their self-destruction. It is singular, that travail is first spoken of, and then only afterwards pregnancy. For חבּל signifies, as in Sol 8:5, ὠδίνειν, not: to conceive (Hitz.). The Arab. ḥabila (synonym of ḥamala) is not to conceive in distinction from being pregnant, but it is both: to be and to become pregnant. The accentuation indicates the correct relationship of the three members of the sentence. First of all comes the general statement: Behold he shall travail with, i.e., bring forth with writhing as in the pains of labour, און, evil, as the result which proceeds from his wickedness. Then, by this thought being divided into its two factors (Hupf.) it goes on to say: that is, he shall conceive (concipere) עמל, and bear שׁקר. The former signifies trouble, molestia, just as πονηρία signifies that which makes πόνον; the latter falsehood, viz., self-deception, delusion, vanity, inasmuch as the burden prepared for others, returns as a heavy and oppressive burden upon the sinner himself, as is said in Psalm 7:17; cf. Isaiah 59:4, where און instead of שׁקר denotes the accursed wages of sin which consist in the unmasking of its nothingness, and in the undeceiving of its self-delusion. He diggeth a pit for himself, is another turn of the same thought, Psalm 57:7; Ecclesiastes 10:8. Psalm 7:16 mentions the digging, and Psalm 7:16 the subsequent falling into the pit; the aorist ויּפּל is, for instance, like Psalm 7:13, Psalm 16:9; Psalm 29:10. The attributive יפעל is virtually a genitive to שׁחת, and is rightly taken by Ges. 124, 3, a as present: in the midst of the execution of the work of destruction prepared for others it becomes his own. The trouble, עמל, prepared for others returns upon his own head (בּראשׁו, clinging to it, just as על־ראשׁו signifies descending and resting upon it), and the violence, חמס, done to others, being turned back by the Judge who dwells above (Micah 1:12), descends upon his own pate (קדקדו with o by q, as e.g., in Genesis 2:23). Thus is the righteousness of God revealed in wrath upon the oppressor and in mercy upon him who is innocently oppressed. Then will the rescued one, then will David, give thanks unto Jahve, as is due to Him after the revelation of His righteousness, and will sing of the name of Jahve the Most High (עליון as an appended name of God is always used without the art., e.g., Psalm 57:3). In the revelation of Himself He has made Himself a name. He has, however, revealed Himself as the almighty Judge and Deliverer, as the God of salvation, who rules over everything that takes place here below. It is this name, which He has made by His acts, that David will then echo back to Him in his song of thanksgiving.

Psalm 8:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When

Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows his handiwork.

Psalm 111:2 The works of the LORD are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein.

Job 22:12 Is not God in the height of heaven? and behold the height of the stars, how high they are!

Job 36:24 Remember that you magnify his work, which men behold.

Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made...

work

Psalm 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Exodus 8:19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he listened not to them...

Exodus 31:18 And he gave to Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him on mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone...

Luke 11:20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come on you.

moon

Psalm 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knows his going down.

Psalm 136:7-9 To him that made great lights: for his mercy endures for ever...

Psalm 148:3 Praise you him, sun and moon: praise him, all you stars of light.

Genesis 1:16-18 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also...

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven...

Job 25:3,5 Is there any number of his armies? and on whom does not his light arise...

Cross References
Genesis 1:16
And God made the two great lights--the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night--and the stars.

Exodus 8:19
Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

Job 35:5
Look at the heavens, and see; and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.

Psalm 89:11
The heavens are yours; the earth also is yours; the world and all that is in it, you have founded them.

Psalm 111:2
Great are the works of the LORD, studied by all who delight in them.

Psalm 136:9
the moon and stars to rule over the night, for his steadfast love endures forever;

Psalm 144:5
Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down! Touch the mountains so that they smoke!

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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