Psalm 78:42
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They did not remember his power or the day when he redeemed them from the foe,

King James Bible
They remembered not his hand, nor the day when he delivered them from the enemy.

American Standard Version
They remember not his hand, Nor the day when he redeemed them from the adversary;

Douay-Rheims Bible
They remembered not his hand, in the day that he redeemed them from the hand of him that afflicted them:

English Revised Version
They remembered not his hand, nor the day when he redeemed them from the adversary.

Webster's Bible Translation
They remembered not his hand, nor the day when he delivered them from the enemy.

Psalm 78:42 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Passing over to the giving of the quails, the poet is thinking chiefly of the first occasion mentioned in Exodus 16, which directly preceded the giving of the manna. But the description follows the second: יסּע (He caused to depart, set out) after Numbers 11:31. "East" and "south" belong together: it was a south-east wind from the Aelanitic Gulf. "To rain down" is a figurative expression for a plentiful giving of dispensing from above. "Its camp, its tents," are those of Israel, Numbers 11:31, cf. Exodus 16:13. The תּעוה, occurring twice, Psalm 78:29-30 (of the object of strong desire, as in Psalm 21:3), points to Kibroth-hattaavah, the scene of this carnal lusting; הביא is the transitive of the בּוא in Proverbs 13:12. In Psalm 78:30-31 even in the construction the poet closely follows Numbers 11:33 (cf. also זרוּ with לזרא, aversion, loathing, Numbers 11:20). The Waw unites what takes place simultaneously; a construction which presents the advantage of being able to give special prominence to the subject. The wrath of God consisted in the breaking out of a sickness which was the result of immoderate indulgence, and to which even the best-nourished and most youthfully vigorous fell a prey. When the poet goes on in Psalm 78:32 to say that in spite of these visitations (בּכל־זאת) they went on sinning, he has chiefly before his mind the outbreak of "fat" rebelliousness after the return of the spies, cf. Psalm 78:32 with Numbers 14:11. And Psalm 78:33 refers to the judgment of death in the wilderness threatened at that time to all who had come out of Egypt from twenty years old and upward (Numbers 14:28-34). Their life devoted to death vanished from that time onwards בּהבל, in breath-like instability, and בּבּהלה, in undurable precipitancy; the mode of expression in Psalm 31:11; Job 36:1 suggests to the poet an expressive play of words. When now a special judgment suddenly and violently thinned the generation that otherwise was dying off, as in Numbers 21:6., then they inquired after Him, they again sought His favour, those who were still preserved in the midst of this dying again remembered the God who had proved Himself to be a "Rock" (Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:37) and to be a "Redeemer" (Genesis 48:16) to them. And what next? Psalm 78:36-37

(Note: According to the reckoning of the Masora this Psalm 78:36 is the middle verse of the 2527 verses of the Psalter (Buxtorf, Tiberias, 1620, p. 133).)

tell us what effect they gave to this disposition to return to God. They appeased Him with their mouth, is meant to say: they sought to win Him over to themselves by fair speeches, inasmuch as they thus anthropopathically conceived of God, and with their tongue they played the hypocrite to Him; their heart, however, was not sincere towards Him (עם like את in Psalm 78:8), i.e., not directed straight towards Him, and they proved themselves not stedfast (πιστοί, or properly βέβαιοι) in their covenant-relationship to Him.

Psalm 78:42 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

remember

Psalm 78:11,21,22 And forgot his works, and his wonders that he had showed them...

Psalm 136:10-15 To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn: for his mercy endures for ever...

Exodus 13:9 And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD's law may be in your mouth...

Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people...

Jeremiah 32:21 And have brought forth your people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand...

the day

Psalm 106:7-10 Our fathers understood not your wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of your mercies; but provoked him at the sea...

Exodus 14:12,30,31 Is not this the word that we did tell you in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians...

the enemy. or, affliction

Cross References
Judges 8:34
And the people of Israel did not remember the LORD their God, who had delivered them from the hand of all their enemies on every side,

Nehemiah 9:17
They refused to obey and were not mindful of the wonders that you performed among them, but they stiffened their neck and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in Egypt. But you are a God ready to forgive, gracious and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and did not forsake them.

Psalm 44:3
for not by their own sword did they win the land, nor did their own arm save them, but your right hand and your arm, and the light of your face, for you delighted in them.

Psalm 77:15
You with your arm redeemed your people, the children of Jacob and Joseph. Selah

Psalm 106:7
Our fathers, when they were in Egypt, did not consider your wondrous works; they did not remember the abundance of your steadfast love, but rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea.

Psalm 106:10
So he saved them from the hand of the foe and redeemed them from the power of the enemy.

Psalm 107:2
Let the redeemed of the LORD say so, whom he has redeemed from trouble

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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