Psalm 52:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You love all words that devour, O deceitful tongue.

King James Bible
Thou lovest all devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue.

American Standard Version
Thou lovest all devouring words, thou deceitful tongue.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast loved all the words of ruin, O deceitful tongue.

English Revised Version
Thou lovest all devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou lovest all devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue.

Psalm 52:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The third part now begins with a doubly urgent prayer. The invocation of God by the name Elohim is here made more urgent by the addition of אלהי תשׁוּעתי; inasmuch as the prayers for justification and for renewing blend together in the "deliver me." David does not seek to lessen his guilt; he calls it in דּמים by its right name, - a word which signifies blood violently shed, and then also a deed of blood and blood-guiltiness (Psalm 9:13; Psalm 106:38, and frequently). We have also met with הצּיל construed with מן of the sin in Psalm 39:9. He had given Uriah over to death in order to possess himself of Bathsheba. And the accusation of his conscience spoke not merely of adultery, but also of murder. Nevertheless the consciousness of sin no longer smites him to the earth, Mercy has lifted him up; he prays only that she would complete her work in him, then shall his tongue exultingly praise (רנּן with an accusative of the object, as in Psalm 59:17) God's righteousness, which, in accordance with the promise, takes the sinner under its protection. But in order to perform what he vowed he would do under such circumstances, he likewise needs grace, and prays, therefore, for a joyous opening of his mouth. In sacrifices God delighteth not (Psalm 40:7, cf. Isaiah 1:11), otherwise he would bring some (ואתּנה, darem, sc. si velles, vid., on Psalm 40:6); whole-burnt-offerings God doth not desire: the sacrifices that are well-pleasing to Him and most beloved by Him, in comparison with which the flesh and the dead work of the עולות and the זבחים (שׁלמים) is altogether worthless, are thankfulness (Psalm 50:23) out of the fulness of a penitent and lowly heart. There is here, directly at least, no reference to the spiritual antitype of the sin-offering, which is never called זבה. The inward part of a man is said to be broken and crushed when his sinful nature is broken, his ungodly self slain, his impenetrable hardness softened, his haughty vainglorying brought low, - in fine, when he is in himself become as nothing, and when God is everything to him. Of such a spirit and heart, panting after grace or favour, consist the sacrifices that are truly worthy God's acceptance and well-pleasing to Him (cf. Isaiah 57:15, where such a spirit and such a heart are called God's earthly temple).

(Note: The Talmud finds a significance in the plural זבחי. Joshua ben Levi (B. Sanhedrin 43b) says: At the time when the temple was standing, whoever brought a burnt-offering received the reward of it, and whoever brought a meat-offering, the reward of it; but the lowly was accounted by the Scriptures as one who offered every kind of sacrifice at once (כאילו הקריב כל הקרבנות כולן). In Irenaeaus, iv. 17, 2, and Clemens Alexandrinus, Paedag. iii. 12, is found to θυσία τῷ Θεῷ καρδία συντετριμμένη the addition: ὀσμὴ εὐωδίας τῷ Θεῷ καρδία δοξάζουσα τὸν πεπλακότα αὐτήν.)

Psalm 52:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

devouring

1 Samuel 22:18,19 And the king said to Doeg, Turn you, and fall on the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell on the priests...

James 3:6-9 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body...

O thou. or, and the

Cross References
Psalm 5:6
You destroy those who speak lies; the LORD abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.

Psalm 101:7
No one who practices deceit shall dwell in my house; no one who utters lies shall continue before my eyes.

Psalm 109:2
For wicked and deceitful mouths are opened against me, speaking against me with lying tongues.

Psalm 120:2
Deliver me, O LORD, from lying lips, from a deceitful tongue.

Psalm 120:3
What shall be given to you, and what more shall be done to you, you deceitful tongue?

Proverbs 12:19
Truthful lips endure forever, but a lying tongue is but for a moment.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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