Psalm 52:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Your tongue plots destruction, like a sharp razor, you worker of deceit.

King James Bible
Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp rasor, working deceitfully.

American Standard Version
Thy tongue deviseth very wickedness, Like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All the day long thy tongue hath devised injustice: as a sharp razor, thou hast wrought deceit.

English Revised Version
Thy tongue deviseth very wickedness; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Psalm 52:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The third part now begins with a doubly urgent prayer. The invocation of God by the name Elohim is here made more urgent by the addition of אלהי תשׁוּעתי; inasmuch as the prayers for justification and for renewing blend together in the "deliver me." David does not seek to lessen his guilt; he calls it in דּמים by its right name, - a word which signifies blood violently shed, and then also a deed of blood and blood-guiltiness (Psalm 9:13; Psalm 106:38, and frequently). We have also met with הצּיל construed with מן of the sin in Psalm 39:9. He had given Uriah over to death in order to possess himself of Bathsheba. And the accusation of his conscience spoke not merely of adultery, but also of murder. Nevertheless the consciousness of sin no longer smites him to the earth, Mercy has lifted him up; he prays only that she would complete her work in him, then shall his tongue exultingly praise (רנּן with an accusative of the object, as in Psalm 59:17) God's righteousness, which, in accordance with the promise, takes the sinner under its protection. But in order to perform what he vowed he would do under such circumstances, he likewise needs grace, and prays, therefore, for a joyous opening of his mouth. In sacrifices God delighteth not (Psalm 40:7, cf. Isaiah 1:11), otherwise he would bring some (ואתּנה, darem, sc. si velles, vid., on Psalm 40:6); whole-burnt-offerings God doth not desire: the sacrifices that are well-pleasing to Him and most beloved by Him, in comparison with which the flesh and the dead work of the עולות and the זבחים (שׁלמים) is altogether worthless, are thankfulness (Psalm 50:23) out of the fulness of a penitent and lowly heart. There is here, directly at least, no reference to the spiritual antitype of the sin-offering, which is never called זבה. The inward part of a man is said to be broken and crushed when his sinful nature is broken, his ungodly self slain, his impenetrable hardness softened, his haughty vainglorying brought low, - in fine, when he is in himself become as nothing, and when God is everything to him. Of such a spirit and heart, panting after grace or favour, consist the sacrifices that are truly worthy God's acceptance and well-pleasing to Him (cf. Isaiah 57:15, where such a spirit and such a heart are called God's earthly temple).

(Note: The Talmud finds a significance in the plural זבחי. Joshua ben Levi (B. Sanhedrin 43b) says: At the time when the temple was standing, whoever brought a burnt-offering received the reward of it, and whoever brought a meat-offering, the reward of it; but the lowly was accounted by the Scriptures as one who offered every kind of sacrifice at once (כאילו הקריב כל הקרבנות כולן). In Irenaeaus, iv. 17, 2, and Clemens Alexandrinus, Paedag. iii. 12, is found to θυσία τῷ Θεῷ καρδία συντετριμμένη the addition: ὀσμὴ εὐωδίας τῷ Θεῷ καρδία δοξάζουσα τὸν πεπλακότα αὐτήν.)

Psalm 52:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thy

Psalm 50:19 You give your mouth to evil, and your tongue frames deceit.

Psalm 64:2-6 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity...

Psalm 140:2,3 Which imagine mischiefs in their heart; continually are they gathered together for war...

Proverbs 6:16-19 These six things does the LORD hate: yes, seven are an abomination to him...

Proverbs 30:14 There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth...

Jeremiah 9:3,4 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise...

Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;

Acts 6:11-13 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God...

Acts 24:1,5 And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and with a certain orator named Tertullus...

Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ...

like

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows...

Psalm 59:7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, does hear?

Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaks like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health.

Proverbs 18:21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.

working

Psalm 109:2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me: they have spoken against me with a lying tongue.

Psalm 120:2 Deliver my soul, O LORD, from lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue.

2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully...

2 Corinthians 11:13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.

Cross References
Nehemiah 6:8
Then I sent to him, saying, "No such things as you say have been done, for you are inventing them out of your own mind."

Psalm 5:9
For there is no truth in their mouth; their inmost self is destruction; their throat is an open grave; they flatter with their tongue.

Psalm 50:19
"You give your mouth free rein for evil, and your tongue frames deceit.

Psalm 57:4
My soul is in the midst of lions; I lie down amid fiery beasts-- the children of man, whose teeth are spears and arrows, whose tongues are sharp swords.

Psalm 59:7
There they are, bellowing with their mouths with swords in their lips-- for "Who," they think, "will hear us?"

Psalm 101:7
No one who practices deceit shall dwell in my house; no one who utters lies shall continue before my eyes.

Psalm 140:2
who plan evil things in their heart and stir up wars continually.

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