Psalm 46:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy habitation of the Most High.

King James Bible
There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.

American Standard Version
There is a river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, The holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The stream of the river maketh the city of God joyful: the most High hath sanctified his own tabernacle.

English Revised Version
There is a river, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High.

Webster's Bible Translation
There is a river, the streams of which shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High.

Psalm 46:4 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 45:14-16) Now follows the description of the manner in which she absolutely leaves her father's house, and richly adorned and with a numerous train is led to the king and makes her entry into his palace; and in connection therewith we must bear in mind that the poet combines on the canvas of one picture (so to speak) things that lie wide apart both as to time and place. He sees her first of all in her own chamber (פּנימה, prop. towards the inside, then also in the inside, Ges. 90, 2, b), and how there

(Note: In Babylonia these words, according to B. Jebamoth 77a, are cited in favour of domesticity as a female virtue; in Palestine (במערבא), more appropriately, Genesis 18:9. The lxx Codd. Vat. et Sinait. has Ἐσεβών (Eusebius), which is meaningless; Cod. Alex. correctly, ἔσωθεν (Italic, Jerome, Syriac, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Apollinaris).)

she is nothing but splendour (כּל־כּבוּדּה, prop. mere splendour, fem. of כבוד as in Ezekiel 23:41; cf. כּל־הבל, Psalm 39:6, mere nothingness), her clothing is gold-interwoven textures (i.e., such as are interwoven with threads of gold, or woven in squares or diamond patterns and adorned with gold in addition). She, just like Esther (Esther 2:12), is being led to the king, her husband, and this takes place לרקמות, in variegated, embroidered garments (ל used just as adverbially as in 2 Chronicles 20:21, להדרת), with a retinue of virgins, her companions, who at the same time with herself become the property of her spouse. According to the accents it is to be rendered: virgines post eam, sociae ejus, adducuntur tibi, so that רעותיה is an apposition. This is also in harmony with the allegorical interpretation of the Psalm as a song of the church. The bride of the Lamb, whom the writer of the Apocalypse beheld, arrayed in shining white linen (byssus), which denotes her righteousness, just as here the variegated, golden garments denote her glory, is not just one person nor even one church, but the church of Israel together with the churches of the Gentiles united by one common faith, which have taken a hearty and active part in the restoration of the daughter of Zion. The procession moves on with joy and rejoicing; it is the march of honour of the one chosen one and of the many chosen together with her, of her friends or companions; and to what purpose, is shown by the hopes which to the mind of the poet spring up out of the contemplation of this scene.

Psalm 46:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a river

Psalm 23:2 He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.

Psalm 36:8,9 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of your house; and you shall make them drink of the river of your pleasures...

Isaiah 8:6,7 For as much as this people refuses the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son...

Isaiah 48:18 O that you had listened to my commandments! then had your peace been as a river, and your righteousness as the waves of the sea:

Ezekiel 47:1-12 Afterward he brought me again to the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward...

Revelation 22:1-3 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb...


Psalm 48:1,8 Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, in the mountain of his holiness...

Psalm 87:3 Glorious things are spoken of you, O city of God. Selah.

2 Chronicles 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.

Isaiah 37:35,36 For I will defend this city to save it for my own sake, and for my servant David's sake...

Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted you shall come bending to you...

Hebrews 12:22 But you are come to mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

Revelation 21:2,3,10 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband...


Deuteronomy 12:11,12 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there...


Psalm 91:1 He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.


Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Micah 6:6 With which shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings...

Cross References
Revelation 3:12
The one who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name.

Revelation 22:1
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb

Genesis 2:10
A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.

Psalm 16:11
You make known to me the path of life; in your presence there is fullness of joy; at your right hand are pleasures forevermore.

Psalm 23:2
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters.

Psalm 36:8
They feast on the abundance of your house, and you give them drink from the river of your delights.

Psalm 43:3
Send out your light and your truth; let them lead me; let them bring me to your holy hill and to your dwelling!

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