Psalm 44:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
at the sound of the taunter and reviler, at the sight of the enemy and the avenger.

King James Bible
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.

American Standard Version
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth, By reason of the enemy and the avenger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At the voice of him that reproacheth and detracteth me : at the face of the enemy and persecutor.

English Revised Version
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and the avenger.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.

Psalm 44:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 44:10-13) Just as אף signifies imo vero (Psalm 58:3) when it comes after an antecedent clause that is expressly or virtually a negative, it may mean "nevertheless, ho'moos," when it opposes a contrastive to an affirmative assertion, as is very frequently the case with גּם or וגם. True, it does not mean this in itself, but in virtue of its logical relation: we praise Thee, we celebrate Thy name unceasingly - also ( equals nevertheless) Thou hast cast off. From this point the Psalm comes into closest connection with Psalm 89:39, on a still more extended scale, however, with Psalm 60:1-12, which dates from the time of the Syro-Ammonitish war, in which Psalm Psa 44:10 recurs almost word for word. The צבאות are not exactly standing armies (an objection which has been raised against the Maccabean explanation), they are the hosts of the people that are drafted into battle, as in Exodus 12:41, the hosts that went forth out of Egypt. Instead of leading these to victory as their victorious Captain (2 Samuel 5:24), God leaves them to themselves and allows them to be smitten by the enemy. The enemy spoil למו, i.e., just as they like, without meeting with any resistance, to their hearts' content. And whilst He gives over (נתן as in Micah 5:2, and the first יתּן in Isaiah 41:2) one portion of the people as "sheep appointed for food," another becomes a diaspora or dispersion among the heathen, viz., by being sold to them as slaves, and that בּלא־הון, "for not-riches," i.e., for a very low price, a mere nothing. We see from Joel 3:3 in what way this is intended. The form of the litotes is continued in Psalm 44:13: Thou didst not go high in the matter of their purchase-money; the rendering of Maurer is correct: in statuendis pretiis eorum. The ב is in this instance not the Beth of the price as in Psalm 44:13, but, as in the phrase הלּל בּ, the Beth of the sphere and thereby indirectly of the object. רבּה in the sense of the Aramaic רבּי (cf. Proverbs 22:16, and the derivatives תּרבּית, מרבּית), to make a profit, to practise usury (Hupfeld), produces a though that is unworthy of God; vid., on the other hand, Isaiah 52:3. At the heads of the strophe stands (Psalm 44:10) a perfect with an aorist following: ולא תצא is consequently a negative ותּצא. And Psalm 44:18, which sums up the whole, shows that all the rest is also intended to be retrospective.

Psalm 44:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For the

Psalm 74:18,22,23 Remember this, that the enemy has reproached, O LORD, and that the foolish people have blasphemed your name...

Psalm 79:12 And render to our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, with which they have reproached you, O Lord.

Isaiah 37:3,4,17,23,24 And they said to him, Thus said Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy...

enemy

Psalm 8:2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings have you ordained strength because of your enemies...

Cross References
Psalm 8:2
Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger.

Psalm 74:10
How long, O God, is the foe to scoff? Is the enemy to revile your name forever?

Proverbs 27:11
Be wise, my son, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him who reproaches me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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