Psalm 38:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My friends and companions stand aloof from my plague, and my nearest kin stand far off.

King James Bible
My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off.

American Standard Version
My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my plague; And my kinsmen stand afar off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My friends and my neighbours have drawn near, and stood against me. And they that were near me stood afar off :

English Revised Version
My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my plague; and my kinsmen stand afar off.

Webster's Bible Translation
My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my affliction; and my kinsmen stand afar off.

Psalm 38:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 38:2-9) David begins, as in Psalm 6:1-10, with the prayer that his punitive affliction may be changed into disciplinary. Bakius correctly paraphrases. Psalm 38:2 : Corripe sane per legem, castiga per crucem, millies promerui, negare non possum, sed castiga, quaeso, me ex amore ut pater, non ex furore et fervore ut judex; ne punias justitiae rigore, sed misericordiae dulcore (cf. on Psalm 6:2). The negative is to be repeated in Psalm 38:2, as in Psalm 1:5; Psalm 9:19; Psalm 75:6. In the description, which give the ground of the cry for pity, נחת, is not the Piel, as in Psalm 18:35, but the Niphal of the Kal נחת immediately following (root נח). קצף is anger as a breaking forth, fragor (cf. Hosea 10:7, lxx φρύγανον), with ĕ instead of ı̆ in the first syllable, vowels which alternate in this word; and חמה, as a glowing or burning. חצּים (in Homer, κῆλα), God's wrath-arrows, i.e., lightnings of wrath, are His judgments of wrath; and יד, as in Psalm 32:4; Psalm 39:11, God's punishing hand, which makes itself felt in dispensing punishment, hence תּנחת might be attached as a mood of sequence. In Psalm 38:4 wrath is called זעם as a boiling up. Sin is the cause of this experiencing wrath, and the wrath is the cause of the bodily derangement; sin as an exciting cause of the wrath always manifests itself outwardly even on the body as a fatal power. In Psalm 38:5 sin is compared to waters that threaten to drown one, as in Psalm 38:5 to a burden that presses one down. ככבּדוּ ממּנּי, they are heavier than I, i.e., than my power of endurance, too heavy for me. In Psalm 38:6 the effects of the operation of the divine hand (as punishing) are wounds, חבּוּרת (properly, suffused variegated marks from a blow or wheals, Isaiah 1:6; from חבר, Arab. ḥbr, to be or make striped, variegated), which הבאישׁוּ, send forth an offensive smell, and נמקּוּ, suppurate. Sin, which causes this, is called אוּלת, because, as it is at last manifest, it is always the destruction of itself. With emphasis does מפּני אוּלתּי form the second half of the verse. To take נעויתי out of Psalm 38:7 and put it to this, as Meier and Thenius propose, is to destroy this its proper position. On the three מפּני, vid., Ewald, 217, l. Thus sick in soul and body, he is obliged to bow and bend himself in the extreme. נעוה is used of a convulsive drawing together of the body, Isaiah 21:3; שׁחח, of a bowed mien, Psalm 35:14; הלּך, of a heavy, lagging gait. With כּי in Psalm 38:8 the grounding of the petition begins for the third time. His כּסלים, i.e., internal muscles of the loins, which are usually the fattest parts, are full of נקלה, that which is burnt, i.e., parched. It is therefore as though the burning, starting from the central point of the bodily power, would spread itself over the whole body: the wrath of God works commotion in this latter as well as in the soul. Whilst all the energies of life thus yield, there comes over him a partial, almost total lifelessness. פּוּג is the proper word for the coldness and rigidity of a corpse; the Niphal means to be brought into this condition, just as נדכּא means to be crushed, or to be brought into a condition of crushing, i.e., of violent dissolution. The מן of מנּהמת is intended to imply that the loud wail is only the utterance of the pain that is raging in his heart, the outward expression of his ceaseless, deep inward groaning.

Psalm 38:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lovers

Psalm 31:11 I was a reproach among all my enemies, but especially among my neighbors, and a fear to my acquaintance...

Job 6:21-23 For now you are nothing; you see my casting down, and are afraid...

Job 19:13-17 He has put my brothers far from me, and my acquaintance are truly estranged from me...

Matthew 26:56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.

John 16:32 Behold, the hour comes, yes, is now come, that you shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone...

stand

Luke 10:31,32 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side...

sore [heb.] stroke
Kinsmen. or, neighbours
afar off

Luke 22:54 Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off.

Luke 23:49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

Cross References
Luke 23:49
And all his acquaintances and the women who had followed him from Galilee stood at a distance watching these things.

Job 6:21
For you have now become nothing; you see my calamity and are afraid.

Job 19:19
All my intimate friends abhor me, and those whom I loved have turned against me.

Psalm 31:11
Because of all my adversaries I have become a reproach, especially to my neighbors, and an object of dread to my acquaintances; those who see me in the street flee from me.

Psalm 69:8
I have become a stranger to my brothers, an alien to my mother's sons.

Psalm 88:18
You have caused my beloved and my friend to shun me; my companions have become darkness.

Proverbs 19:7
All a poor man's brothers hate him; how much more do his friends go far from him! He pursues them with words, but does not have them.

Jump to Previous
Afar Affliction Aloof Associates Avoid Companions Disease Far Friends Kinsmen Lovers Neighbors Neighbours Ones Plague Relations Sore Stand Stood Stroke Wounds
Jump to Next
Afar Affliction Aloof Associates Avoid Companions Disease Far Friends Kinsmen Lovers Neighbors Neighbours Ones Plague Relations Sore Stand Stood Stroke Wounds
Links
Psalm 38:11 NIV
Psalm 38:11 NLT
Psalm 38:11 ESV
Psalm 38:11 NASB
Psalm 38:11 KJV

Psalm 38:11 Bible Apps
Psalm 38:11 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 38:11 Chinese Bible
Psalm 38:11 French Bible
Psalm 38:11 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 38:10
Top of Page
Top of Page