Psalm 35:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For without cause they hid their net for me; without cause they dug a pit for my life.

King James Bible
For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.

American Standard Version
For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit; Without cause have they digged a pit for my soul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For without cause they have hidden their net for me unto destruction : without cause they have upbraided my soul.

English Revised Version
For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, without cause have they digged a pit for my soul.

Webster's Bible Translation
For without cause they have hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.

Psalm 35:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The psalmist begins in a martial and anthropomorphical style such as we have not hitherto met with. On the ultima-accentuation of ריבה, vid., on Psalm 3:8. Both את are signs of the accusative. This is a more natural rendering here, where the psalmist implores God to subjugate his foes, than to regard את as equivalent to עם (cf. Isaiah 49:25 with ib. Psalm 27:8; Job 10:2); and, moreover, for the very same reason the expression in this instance is לחם, (in the Kal, which otherwise only lends the part. לחם, Psalm 56:2., to the Niph. נלחם) instead of the reciprocal form הלּחם. It is usually supposed that לחם means properly vorare, and war is consequently conceived of as a devouring of men; but the Arabic offers another primary meaning: to press close and compact (Niph. to one another), consequently מלחמה means a dense crowd, a dense bustle and tumult (cf. the Homeric κλόνος). The summons to Jahve to arm, and that in a twofold manner, viz., with the מגן for warding off the hostile blow and צנּה (vid., Psalm 5:13) which covers the body like a testudo - by which, inasmuch as it is impossible to hold both shields at the same time, the figure is idealised - is meant to express, that He is to make Himself felt by the foes, in every possible way, to their own confounding, as the unapproachable One. The ב of בּעזרתי (in the character of help turned towards me) is the so-called Beth essentiae,

(Note: The Hebrew Beth essentiae is used much more freely and extensively than the Arabic, which is joined exclusively to the predicate of a simple clause, where in our language the verb is "to be," and as a rule only to the predicate of negative clauses: laisa bi-hakı̂mim, he is not wise, or laisa bi-l-hakı̂mi, he is not the wise man. The predicate can accordingly be indeterminate or determinate. Moreover, in Hebrew, where this ב is found with the predicate, with the complement of the subject, or even, though only as a solecism (vid., Gesenius' Thesaurus p. 175), with the subject itself, the word to which it is prefixed may be determinate, whether as an attribute determined by itself (Exodus 6:3, בּאל שׁדּי), by a suffix (as above, Psalm 35:2, cf. Psalm 146:5; Exodus 18:4; Proverbs 3:26), or even by the article. At all events no syntactic objection can be brought against the interpretations of בעשׁן, "in the quality of smoke," Psalm 37:20; cf. בּהבל, Psalm 78:33, and of בּנּפשׁ, "in the character of the soul," Leviticus 17:11.)

as in Exodus 18:4; Proverbs 3:26; Isaiah 48:10 (tanquam argentum), and frequently. הריק has the same meaning as in Exodus 15:9, cf. Genesis 14:14, viz., to bring forth, draw forth, to draw or unsheath (a sword); for as a sword is sheathed when not in use, so a spear is kept in the δουροδόκη (Odyss. i. 128). Even Parchon understands סגר to mean a weapon; and the word σάγαρις, in Herodotus, Xenophon, and Strabo, a northern Asiatic, more especially a Scythian, battle-axe, has been compared here;

(Note: Probably one and the same word with the Armenian sakr, to which are assigned the (Italian) meanings mannaja, scure, brando ferro, in Ciakciak's Armenian Lexicon; cf. Lagarde's Gesammelte Abhandlungen, 1866, S. 203.)

but the battle-axe was not a Hebrew weapon, and סגר, which, thus defectively written, has the look of an imperative, also gives the best sense when so taken (lxx σύγκλεισον, Targ. וּטרוק), viz., close, i.e., cut off, interclude scil. viam. The word has Dech, because לקראת רדפי, "casting Thyself against my persecutors," belongs to both the preceding summonses. Dachselt rightly directs attention to the similar sequence of the accents in Psalm 55:19; Psalm 66:15. The Mosaic figure of Jahve as a man of war (אישׁ מלחמה, Exodus 15:3; Deuteronomy 32:41.) is worked out here with brilliant colours, under the impulse of a wrathful spirit. But we see from Psalm 35:3 what a spiritual meaning, nevertheless, the whole description is intended to convey. In God's intervention, thus manifested in facts, he would gladly hear His consolatory utterance to himself. The burden of his cry is that God's love may break through the present outward appearance of wrath and make itself felt by him.

Psalm 35:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

without

Psalm 7:3-5 O LORD my God, If I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands...

Psalm 25:3 Yes, let none that wait on you be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.

Psalm 64:4 That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not.

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

hid

Psalm 9:15 The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.

Psalm 119:85 The proud have dig pits for me, which are not after your law.

Psalm 140:5 The proud have hid a snare for me, and cords; they have spread a net by the wayside; they have set gins for me. Selah.

Job 18:8 For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walks on a snare.

Cross References
Psalm 9:15
The nations have sunk in the pit that they made; in the net that they hid, their own foot has been caught.

Psalm 35:17
How long, O Lord, will you look on? Rescue me from their destruction, my precious life from the lions!

Psalm 57:6
They set a net for my steps; my soul was bowed down. They dug a pit in my way, but they have fallen into it themselves. Selah

Psalm 69:4
More in number than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without cause; mighty are those who would destroy me, those who attack me with lies. What I did not steal must I now restore?

Psalm 109:3
They encircle me with words of hate, and attack me without cause.

Psalm 119:85
The insolent have dug pitfalls for me; they do not live according to your law.

Psalm 140:5
The arrogant have hidden a trap for me, and with cords they have spread a net; beside the way they have set snares for me. Selah

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