Psalm 22:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.

King James Bible
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

American Standard Version
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; And my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; And thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue hath cleaved to my jaws: and thou hast brought me down into the dust of death.

English Revised Version
My Strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

Webster's Bible Translation
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

Psalm 22:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 22:10-12)The sufferer pleads that God should respond to his trust in Him, on the ground that this trust is made an object of mockery. With כּי he establishes the reality of the loving relationship in which he stands to God, at which his foes mock. The intermediate thought, which is not expressed, "and so it really is," is confirmed; and thus כי comes to have an affirmative signification. The verb גּוּח (גּיח) signifies both intransitive: to break forth (from the womb), Job 38:8, and transitive: to push forward (cf. Arab. jchcha), more especially, the fruit of the womb, Micah 4:10. It might be taken here in the first signification: my breaking forth, equivalent to "the cause of my breaking forth" (Hengstenberg, Baur, and others); but there is no need for this metonymy. גּחי is either part. equivalent to גּחי, my pusher forth, i.e., he who causes me to break forth, or, - since גוח in a causative signification cannot be supported, and participles like בּוס stamping and לוט veiling (Ges. 72, rem. 1) are nowhere found with a suffix, - participle of a verb גּחהּ, to draw forth (Hitz.), which perhaps only takes the place, per metaplasmum, of the Pil. גּחח with the uneuphonic מגחחי (Ewald S. 859, Addenda). Psalm 71 has גוזי (Psalm 71:6) instead of גּחי, just as it has מבטחי (Psalm 71:5) instead of מבטיחי. The Hiph. הבטיח does not merely mean to make secure (Hupf.), but to cause to trust. According to biblical conception, there is even in the new-born child, yea in the child yet unborn and only living in the womb, a glimmering consciousness springing up out of the remotest depths of unconsciousness (Psychol. S. 215; transl. p. 254). Therefore, when the praying one says, that from the womb he has been cast

(Note: The Hoph. has o, not u, perhaps in a more neuter sense, more closely approximating the reflexive (cf. Ezekiel 32:19 with Ezekiel 32:32), rather than a purely passive. Such is apparently the feeling of the language, vid., B. Megilla 13a (and also the explanation in Tosefoth).)

upon Jahve, i.e., directed to go to Him, and to Him alone, with all his wants and care (Psalm 55:23, cf. Psalm 71:6), that from the womb onwards Jahve was his God, there is also more in it than the purely objective idea, that he grew up into such a relationship to God. Twice he mentions his mother. Throughout the Old Testament there is never any mention made of a human father, or begetter, to the Messiah, but always only of His mother, or her who bare Him. And the words of the praying one here also imply that the beginning of his life, as regards its outward circumstances, was amidst poverty, which likewise accords with the picture of Christ as drawn both in the Old and New Testaments. On the ground of his fellowship with God, which extends so far back, goes forth the cry for help (Psalm 22:12), which has been faintly heard through all the preceding verses, but now only comes to direct utterance for the first time. The two כּי are alike. That the necessity is near at hand, i.e., urgent, refers back antithetically to the prayer, that God would not remain afar off; no one doth, nor can help except He alone. Here the first section closes.

Psalm 22:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

strength

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long...

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

tongue

Psalm 69:3,21 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: my eyes fail while I wait for my God...

Job 29:10 The nobles held their peace, and their tongue stuck to the roof of their mouth.

Lamentations 4:4 The tongue of the sucking child sticks to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask bread, and no man breaks it to them.

John 19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, said, I thirst.

into the

Psalm 30:9 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise you? shall it declare your truth?

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are...

Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken on me to speak to the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:

Job 7:21 And why do you not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust...

Job 10:9 Remember, I beseech you, that you have made me as the clay; and will you bring me into dust again?

Job 34:15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again to dust.

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong...

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Matthew 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.

1 Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

Cross References
John 19:28
After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), "I thirst."

Psalm 32:4
For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer. Selah

Psalm 38:10
My heart throbs; my strength fails me, and the light of my eyes--it also has gone from me.

Psalm 104:29
When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.

Psalm 137:6
Let my tongue stick to the roof of my mouth, if I do not remember you, if I do not set Jerusalem above my highest joy!

Proverbs 17:22
A joyful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

Lamentations 4:4
The tongue of the nursing infant sticks to the roof of its mouth for thirst; the children beg for food, but no one gives to them.

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