Psalm 21:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For you meet him with rich blessings; you set a crown of fine gold upon his head.

King James Bible
For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.

American Standard Version
For thou meetest him with the blessings of goodness: Thou settest a crown of fine gold on his head.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For thou hast prevented him with blessings of sweetness: thou hast set on his head a crown of precious stones.

English Revised Version
For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of fine gold on his head.

Webster's Bible Translation
For thou hast met him with the blessings of goodness: thou hast set a crown of pure gold on his head.

Psalm 21:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 20:7-9) While Psalm 20:2 were being sung the offering of the sacrifice was probably going on. Now, after a lengthened pause, there ascends a voice, probably the voice of one of the Levites, expressing the cheering assurance of the gracious acceptance of the offering that has been presented by the priest. With עתּה or ועתּה, the usual word to indicate the turning-point, the instantaneous entrance of the result of some previous process of prolonged duration, whether hidden or manifest (e.g., 1 Kings 17:24; Isaiah 29:22), is introduced. howshiya` is the perfect of faith, which, in the certainty of being answered, realises the fulfilment in anticipation. The exuberance of the language in Psalm 20:7 corresponds to the exuberance of feeling which thus finds expression.

In Psalm 20:3 the answer is expected out of Zion, in the present instance it is looked for from God's holy heavens; for the God who sits enthroned in Zion is enthroned for ever in the heavens. His throne on earth is as it were the vestibule of His heavenly throne; His presence in the sanctuary of Israel is no limitation of His omnipresence; His help out of Zion is the help of the Celestial One and Him who is exalted above the heaven of heavens. גּבוּרות does not here mean the fulness of might (cf. Psalm 90:10), but the displays of power (Psalm 106:2; Psalm 145:4; Psalm 150:2; Psalm 63:1-11 :15), by which His right hand procures salvation, i.e., victory, for the combatant. The glory of Israel is totally different from that of the heathen, which manifests itself in boastful talk. In Psalm 20:8 הזכּירוּ or יזכּירוּ must be supplied from the נזכּיר in Psalm 20:8 (lxx μεγαλυνθησόμεθα equals נגביר, Psalm 12:5); הזכּיר בּ, to make laudatory mention of any matter, to extol, and indirectly therefore to take credit to one's self for it, to boast of it (cf. הלּל בּ, Psalm 44:9). According to the Law Israel was forbidden to have any standing army; and the law touching the king (Deuteronomy 17:16) speaks strongly against his keeping many horses. It was also the same under the judges, and at this time under David; but under Solomon, who acquired for himself horses and chariots in great number (1 Kings 10:26-29), it was very different. It is therefore a confession that must belong to the time of David which is here made in Psalm 20:8, viz., that Israel's glory in opposition to their enemies, especially the Syrians, is the sure defence and protection of the Name of their God alone. The language of David to Goliath is very similar, 1 Samuel 17:45. The preterites in Psalm 20:9 are praet. confidentiae. It is, as Luther says, "a song of triumph before the victory, a shout of joy before succour." Since קוּם does not mean to stand, but to rise, קמנוּ assumes the present superiority of the enemy. But the position of affairs changes: those who stand fall, and those who are lying down rise up; the former remain lying, the latter keep the field. The Hithpa. התעודד signifies to show one's self firm, strong, courageous; like עודד, Psalm 146:9; Psalm 147:6, to strengthen, confirm, recover, from עוּד to be compact, firm, cogn. Arab. âd f. i., inf. aid, strength; as, e.g., the Koran (Sur. xxxviii. 16) calls David dhâ-l-aidi, possessor of strength, II ajjada, to strengthen, support, and Arab. 'dd, inf. add, strength superiority, V tāddada, to show one's self strong, brave, courageous.

Psalm 21:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

preventest

Psalm 18:18 They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

1 Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the middle of his brothers...

2 Samuel 2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying...

2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD...

Job 41:11 Who has prevented me, that I should repay him? whatever is under the whole heaven is mine.

Romans 11:35 Or who has first given to him, and it shall be recompensed to him again?

blessings

Psalm 31:19 Oh how great is your goodness, which you have laid up for them that fear you...

2 Chronicles 6:41 Now therefore arise, O LORD God, into your resting place, you, and the ark of your strength: let your priests, O LORD God...

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

settest

2 Samuel 12:30 And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones...

1 Chronicles 20:2 And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it...

Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor...

Revelation 19:12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Cross References
Revelation 14:14
Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.

2 Samuel 12:30
And he took the crown of their king from his head. The weight of it was a talent of gold, and in it was a precious stone, and it was placed on David's head. And he brought out the spoil of the city, a very great amount.

Psalm 59:10
My God in his steadfast love will meet me; God will let me look in triumph on my enemies.

Psalm 79:8
Do not remember against us our former iniquities; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low.

Psalm 132:18
His enemies I will clothe with shame, but on him his crown will shine."

Zechariah 6:11
Take from them silver and gold, and make a crown, and set it on the head of Joshua, the son of Jehozadak, the high priest.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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