Psalm 18:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he sent out his arrows and scattered them; he flashed forth lightnings and routed them.

King James Bible
Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.

American Standard Version
And he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; Yea, lightnings manifold, and discomfited them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent forth his arrows, and he scattered them: he multiplied lightnings, and troubled them.

English Revised Version
And he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; yea, lightnings manifold, and discomfited them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.

Psalm 18:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:8-10) As these verses go on to describe, the being heard became manifest in the form of deliverance. All nature stands to man in a sympathetic relationship, sharing his curse and blessing, his destruction and glory, and to God is a (so to speak) synergetic relationship, furnishing the harbingers and instruments of His mighty deeds. Accordingly in this instance Jahve's interposition on behalf of David is accompanied by terrible manifestations in nature. Like the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt, Psalm 68; Psalm 77, and the giving of the Law on Sinai, Exodus 19, and like the final appearing of Jahve and of Jesus Christ according to the words of prophet and apostle (Habakkuk 3; 2 Thessalonians 1:7.), the appearing of Jahve for the help of David has also extraordinary natural phenomena in its train. It is true we find no express record of any incident in David's life of the kind recorded in 1 Samuel 7:10, but it must be come real experience which David here idealises (i.e., seizes at its very roots, and generalises and works up into a grand majestic picture of his miraculous deliverance). Amidst earthquake, a black thunderstorm gathers, the charging of which is heralded by the lightning's flash, and its thick clouds descend nearer and nearer to the earth. The aorists in Psalm 18:8 introduce the event, for the introduction of which, from Psalm 18:4 onwards, the way has been prepared and towards which all is directed. The inward excitement of the Judge, who appears to His servant for his deliverance, sets the earth in violent oscillation. The foundations of the mountains (Isaiah 24:18) are that upon which they are supported beneath and within, as it were, the pillars which support the vast mass. געשׁ (rhyming with רעשׁ) is followed by the Hithpa. of the same verb: the first impulse having been given they, viz., the earth and the pillars of the mountains, continue to shake of themselves. These convulsions occur, because "it is kindled with respect to God;" it is unnecessary to supply אפּו, חרה לו is a synonym of חם לו. When God is wrath, according to Old Testament conception, the power of wrath which is present in Him is kindled and blazes up and breaks forth. The panting of rage may accordingly also be called the smoke of the fire of wrath (Psalm 74:1; Psalm 80:5). The smoking is as the breathing out of the fire, and the vehement hot breath which is inhaled and exhaled through the nose of one who is angry (cf. Job 41:12), is like smoke rising from the internal fire of anger. The fire of anger itself "devours out of the mouth," i.e., flames forth out of the mouth, consuming whatever it lays hold of-in men in the form of angry words, with God in the fiery forces of nature, which are of a like kind with, and subservient to, His anger, and more especially in the lightning's flash. It is the lightning chiefly, that is compared here to the blazing up of burning coals. The power of wrath in God, becoming manifest in action, breaks forth into a glow, and before it entirely discharges its fire, it gives warning of action like the lightning's flash heralding the outburst of the storm. Thus enraged and breathing forth His wrath, Jahve bowed the heavens, i.e., caused them to bend towards the earth, and came down, and darkness of clouds (ערפל similar in meaning to ὄρφνη, cf. ἔρεβος) was under His feet: black, low-hanging clouds announced the coming of Him who in His wrath was already on His way downwards towards the earth.

Psalm 18:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Yea

Psalm 21:12 Therefore shall you make them turn their back, when you shall make ready your arrows on your strings against the face of them.

Psalm 77:17 The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: your arrows also went abroad.

Numbers 24:8 God brought him forth out of Egypt; he has as it were the strength of an unicorn: he shall eat up the nations his enemies...

Deuteronomy 32:23,42 I will heap mischiefs on them; I will spend my arrows on them...

Joshua 10:10 And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon...

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Isaiah 30:30 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger...

Habakkuk 3:11 The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of your arrows they went, and at the shining of your glittering spear.

he shot

Psalm 144:6 Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out your arrows, and destroy them.

Job 38:35 Can you send lightning, that they may go and say to you, Here we are?

Job 40:9-12 Have you an arm like God? or can you thunder with a voice like him...

Zechariah 9:14,15 And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the LORD God shall blow the trumpet...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:23
"'And I will heap disasters upon them; I will spend my arrows on them;

1 Samuel 2:10
The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The LORD will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed."

1 Samuel 7:10
As Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to attack Israel. But the LORD thundered with a mighty sound that day against the Philistines and threw them into confusion, and they were defeated before Israel.

Psalm 7:13
he has prepared for him his deadly weapons, making his arrows fiery shafts.

Psalm 11:6
Let him rain coals on the wicked; fire and sulfur and a scorching wind shall be the portion of their cup.

Psalm 45:5
Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; the peoples fall under you.

Psalm 68:30
Rebuke the beasts that dwell among the reeds, the herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples. Trample underfoot those who lust after tribute; scatter the peoples who delight in war.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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