Psalm 15:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
in whose eyes a vile person is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; who swears to his own hurt and does not change;

King James Bible
In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

American Standard Version
In whose eyes a reprobate is despised, But who honoreth them that fear Jehovah; He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not;

Douay-Rheims Bible
In his sight the malignant is brought to nothing: but he glorifieth them that fear the Lord. He that sweareth to his neighbour, and deceiveth not;

English Revised Version
In whose eyes a reprobate is despised; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

Webster's Bible Translation
In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoreth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

Psalm 15:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Jahve thus bursts forth in scorn His word, which never fails in its working, smites down these brutish men, who are without knowledge and conscience. The local demonstrative שׁם is used as temporal in this passage just as in Psalm 66:6; Hosea 2:17; Zephaniah 1:14; Job 23:7; Job 35:12, and is joined with the perfect of certainty, as in Job 36:13, where it has not so much a temporal as a local sense. It does not mean "there equals at a future time," as pointing into the indefinite future, but "there equals then," when God shall thus speak to them in His anger. Intensity is here given to the verb פּחד by the addition of a substantival object of the same root, just as is frequently the case in the more elevated style, e.g., Habakkuk 3:9; and as is done in other cases by the addition of the adverbial infinitive. Then, when God's long-suffering changes into wrath, terror at His judgement seizes them and they tremble through and through. This judgment of wrath, however, is on the other hand a revelation of love. Jahve avenges and thus delivers those whom He calls עמּי (My people); and who are here called דּור צדּיק, the generation of the righteous, in opposition to the corrupted humanity of the time (Psalm 12:8), as being conformed to the will of God and held together by a superior spirit to the prevailing spirit of the age. They are so called inasmuch as דּור passes over from the signification generatio to that of genus hominum here and also elsewhere, when it is not merely a temporal, but a moral notion; cf. Psalm 24:6; Psalm 83:15; Psalm 112:2, where it uniformly denotes the whole of the children of God who are in bondage in the world and longing for deliverance, not Israel collectively in antithesis to the Scythians and the heathen in general (Hitzig).

Psalm 15:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a vile

Psalm 101:4 A fraudulent heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person.

2 Kings 3:13,14 And Elisha said to the king of Israel, What have I to do with you? get you to the prophets of your father...

Esther 3:2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him...

Job 32:21,22 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles to man...

Isaiah 32:5,6 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said to be bountiful...

Daniel 5:17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let your gifts be to yourself, and give your rewards to another...

Acts 24:2,3,25 And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying, Seeing that by you we enjoy great quietness...

James 2:1-9 My brothers, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons...

but

Psalm 16:3 But to the saints that are in the earth, and to the excellent, in whom is all my delight.

Psalm 101:6 My eyes shall be on the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walks in a perfect way, he shall serve me.

Psalm 119:63 I am a companion of all them that fear you, and of them that keep your precepts.

Matthew 12:49,50 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brothers!...

1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brothers. He that loves not his brother stays in death.

sweareth

Joshua 9:18-20 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel...

Judges 11:35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! you have brought me very low...

2 Samuel 21:1,2 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered...

Matthew 5:33 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself...

Cross References
Acts 28:10
They also honored us greatly, and when we were about to sail, they put on board whatever we needed.

Judges 11:35
And as soon as he saw her, he tore his clothes and said, "Alas, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you have become the cause of great trouble to me. For I have opened my mouth to the LORD, and I cannot take back my vow."

Psalm 24:4
He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully.

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