Psalm 133:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion! For there the LORD has commanded the blessing, life forevermore.

King James Bible
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.

American Standard Version
Like the dew of Hermon, That cometh down upon the mountains of Zion: For there Jehovah commanded the blessing, Even life for evermore.

Douay-Rheims Bible
as the dew of Hermon, which descendeth upon mount Sion. For there the Lord hath commandeth blessing, and life for evermore.

English Revised Version
Like the dew of Hermon, that cometh down upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore.

Webster's Bible Translation
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for ever.

Psalm 133:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Shiloh has been rejected (Psalm 78:60), for a time only was the sacred Ark in Bethel (Judges 20:27) and Mizpah (Judges 21:5), only somewhat over twenty years was it sheltered by the house of Abinadab in Kirjath-Jearim (1 Samuel 7:2), only three months by the house of Obed-Edom in Perez-uzzah (2 Samuel 6:11) - but Zion is Jahve's abiding dwelling-place, His own proper settlement, מנוּחה (as in Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 66:1, and besides 1 Chronicles 28:2). In Zion, His chosen and beloved dwelling-place, Jahve blesses everything that belongs to her temporal need (צידהּ for זידתהּ, vid., on Psalm 27:5, note); so that her poor do not suffer want, for divine love loves the poor most especially. His second blessing refers to the priests, for by means of these He will keep up His intercourse with His people. He makes the priesthood of Zion a real institution of salvation: He clothes her priests with salvation, so that they do not merely bring it about instrumentally, but personally possess it, and their whole outward appearance is one which proclaims salvation. And to all her saints He gives cause and matter for high and lasting joy, by making Himself known also to the church, in which He has taken up His abode, in deeds of mercy (loving-kindness or grace). There (שׁם, Psalm 133:3) in Zion is indeed the kingship of promise, which cannot fail of fulfilment. He will cause a horn to shoot forth, He will prepare a lamp, for the house of David, which David here represents as being its ancestor and the anointed one of God reigning at that time; and all who hostilely rise up against David in his seed, He will cover with shame as with a garment (Job 8:22), and the crown consecrated by promise, which the seed of David wears, shall blossom like an unfading wreath. The horn is an emblem of defensive might and victorious dominion, and the lamp (נר, 2 Samuel 21:17, cf. ניר, 2 Chronicles 21:7, lxx λύχνον) an emblem of brilliant dignity and joyfulness. In view of Ezekiel 29:21, of the predictions concerning the Branch (zemach) in Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15; Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12 (cf. Hebrews 7:14), and of the fifteenth Beracha of the Shemone-Esre (the daily Jewish prayer consisting of eighteen benedictions): "make the branch (zemach) of David Thy servant to shoot forth speedily, and let his horn rise high by virtue of Thy salvation," - it is hardly to be doubted that the poet attached a Messianic meaning to this promise. With reference to our Psalm, Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, changes that supplicatory beracha of his nation (Luke 1:68-70) into a praiseful one, joyfully anticipating the fulfilment that is at hand in Jesus.

Psalm 133:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as the dew of Hermon. Mr. Maundrell says, We were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by The dew of Hermon, our tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night. Some suppose that Zion here means a part of Mount Hermon; but it is not written Sion here, but Zion, which is at Jerusalem.

Deuteronomy 4:48 From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even to mount Sion, which is Hermon,

Deuteronomy 3:8,9 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan...

Joshua 13:11 And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salcah;

for there the Lord

Psalm 42:8 Yet the LORD will command his loving kindness in the day time, and in the night his song shall be with me...

Leviticus 25:21 Then I will command my blessing on you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years.

Deuteronomy 28:8 The LORD shall command the blessing on you in your storehouses, and in all that you set your hand to...

even life

Psalm 16:11 You will show me the path of life: in your presence is fullness of joy; at your right hand there are pleasures for ever more.

Psalm 21:4 He asked life of you, and you gave it him, even length of days for ever and ever.

John 4:14 But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst...

John 5:24,29 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life...

John 6:50,51,68 This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die...

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live...

Romans 5:21 That as sin has reigned to death, even so might grace reign through righteousness to eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he has promised us, even eternal life.

1 John 5:11 And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Cross References
Leviticus 25:21
I will command my blessing on you in the sixth year, so that it will produce a crop sufficient for three years.

Deuteronomy 3:9
(the Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, while the Amorites call it Senir),

Deuteronomy 4:48
from Aroer, which is on the edge of the Valley of the Arnon, as far as Mount Sirion (that is, Hermon),

Deuteronomy 28:8
The LORD will command the blessing on you in your barns and in all that you undertake. And he will bless you in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.

Psalm 21:4
He asked life of you; you gave it to him, length of days forever and ever.

Psalm 42:8
By day the LORD commands his steadfast love, and at night his song is with me, a prayer to the God of my life.

Psalm 48:2
beautiful in elevation, is the joy of all the earth, Mount Zion, in the far north, the city of the great King.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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