Psalm 124:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
if it had not been the LORD who was on our side when people rose up against us,

King James Bible
If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, when men rose up against us:

American Standard Version
If it had not been Jehovah who was on our side, When men rose up against us;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If it had not been that the Lord was with us, When men rose up against us

English Revised Version
If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, when men rose up against us:

Webster's Bible Translation
If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, when men rose up against us:

Psalm 124:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When the poet thus calls up the picture of his country's "city of peace" before his mind, the picture of the glory which it still ever possesses, and of the greater glory which it had formerly, he spreads out his hands over it in the distance, blessing it in the kindling of his love, and calls upon all his fellow-countrymen round about and in all places: apprecamini salutem Hierosolymis. So Gesenius correctly (Thesaurus, p. 1347); for just as שׁאל לו לשׁלום signifies to inquire after any one's well-being, and to greet him with the question: השׁלום לך (Jeremiah 15:5), so שׁאל שׁלום signifies to find out any one's prosperity by asking, to gladly know and gladly see that it is well with him, and therefore to be animated by the wish that he may prosper; Syriac, שׁאל שׁלמא ד directly: to salute any one; for the interrogatory השׁלום לך and the well-wishing שׁלום לך, εἰρήνη σοί (Luke 10:5; John 20:19.), have both of them the same source and meaning. The reading אהליך, commended by Ewald, is a recollection of Job 12:6 that is violently brought in here. The loving ones are comprehended with the beloved one, the children with the mother. שׁלה forms an alliteration with שׁלום; the emphatic form ישׁליוּ occurs even in other instances out of pause (e.g., Psalm 57:2). In Psalm 122:7 the alliteration of שׁלום and שׁלוה is again taken up, and both accord with the name of Jerusalem. Ad elegantiam facit, as Venema observes, perpetua vocum ad se invicem et omnium ad nomen Hierosolymae alliteratio. Both together mark the Song of degrees as such. Happiness, cries out the poet to the holy city from afar, be within thy bulwarks, prosperity within thy palaces, i.e., without and within. חיל, ramparts, circumvallation (from חוּל, to surround, Arabic hawl, round about, equally correct whether written חיל or חל), and ארמנות as the parallel word, as in Psalm 48:14. The twofold motive of such an earnest wish for peace is love for the brethren and love for the house of God. For the sake of the brethren is he cheerfully resolved to speak peace (τὰ πρὸς ἐιρήνην αὐτῆς, Luke 19:42) concerning (דּבּר בּ, as in Psalm 87:3, Deuteronomy 6:7, lxx περὶ σοῦ; cf. דּבּר שׁלום with אל and ל, to speak peace to, Psalm 85:9; Esther 10:3) Jerusalem, for the sake of the house of Jahve will he strive after good (i.e., that which tends to her well-being) to her (like בּקּשׁ טובה ל in Nehemiah 2:10, cf. דּרשׁ שׁלום, Deuteronomy 23:6, Jeremiah 29:7). For although he is now again far from Jerusalem after the visit that is over, he still remains united in love to the holy city as being the goal of his longing, and to those who dwell there as being his brethren and friends. Jerusalem is and will remain the heart of all Israel as surely as Jahve who has His house there, is the God of all Israel.

Psalm 124:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when men

Psalm 21:1,2 The king shall joy in your strength, O LORD; and in your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!...

Psalm 3:1 Lord, how are they increased that trouble me! many are they that rise up against me.

Psalm 22:12,13,16 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round...

Psalm 37:32 The wicked watches the righteous, and seeks to slay him.

Numbers 16:2,3 And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly...

Cross References
Psalm 94:17
If the LORD had not been my help, my soul would soon have lived in the land of silence.

Psalm 124:1
If it had not been the LORD who was on our side-- let Israel now say--

Psalm 124:3
then they would have swallowed us up alive, when their anger was kindled against us;

Jeremiah 51:55
For the LORD is laying Babylon waste and stilling her mighty voice. Their waves roar like many waters; the noise of their voice is raised,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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