Psalm 112:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He has distributed freely; he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures forever; his horn is exalted in honor.

King James Bible
He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.

American Standard Version
He hath dispersed, he hath given to the needy; His righteousness endureth for ever: His horn shall be exalted with honor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath distributed, he hath given to the poor: his justice remaineth for ever and ever: his horn shall be exalted in glory.

English Revised Version
He hath dispersed, he hath given to the needy; his righteousness endureth for ever: his horn shall be exalted with honour.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honor.

Psalm 112:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As in the preceding Psalm. Psa 112:1 here also sets forth the theme of that which follows. What is there said in Psalm 112:3 concerning the righteousness of God, Psalm 112:3 here says of the righteousness of him who fears God: this also standeth fast for ever, it is indeed the copy of the divine, it is the work and gift of God (Psalm 24:5), inasmuch as God's salutary action and behaviour, laid hold of in faith, works a like form of action and behaviour to it in man, which, as Psalm 112:9 says, is, according to its nature, love. The promise in Psalm 112:4 sounds like Isaiah 60:2. Hengstenberg renders: "There ariseth in the darkness light to the upright who is gracious and compassionate and just." But this is impossible as a matter of style. The three adjectives (as in Psalm 111:4, pointing back to Exodus 34:6, cf. Psalm 145:8; Psalm 116:5) are a mention of God according to His attributes. חנּוּן and רחוּם never take the article in Biblical Hebrew, and צדּיק follows their examples here (cf. on the contrary, Exodus 9:27). God Himself is the light which arises in darkness for those who are sincere in their dealings with Him; He is the Sun of righteousness with wings of rays dispensing "grace" and "tender mercies," Malachi 4:2. The fact that He arises for those who are compassionate as He is compassionate, is evident from Psalm 112:5. טוב being, as in Isaiah 3:10; Jeremiah 44:17, intended of well-being, prosperity, טּוב אישׁ is here equivalent to אשׁרי אישׁ, which is rendered טוּביהּ דּגברא in Targumic phrase. חונן signifies, as in Psalm 37:26, Psalm 37:21, one who charitably dispenses his gifts around. Psalm 112:5 is not an extension of the picture of virtue, but, as in Psalm 127:5, a promissory prospect: he will uphold in integrity (בּמשׁפּט, Psalm 72:2, Isaiah 9:7, and frequently), or rather ( equals בּמּשׁפּט) in the cause (Psalm 143:2, Proverbs 24:23, and frequently), the things which depend upon him, or with which he has to do; for כּלכּל, sustinere, signifies to sustain, i.e., to nourish, to sustain, i.e., endure, and also to support, maintain, i.e., carry through. This is explanatorily confirmed in Psalm 112:6 : he stands, as a general thing, imperturbably fast. And when he dies he becomes the object of everlasting remembrance, his name is still blessed (Proverbs 10:7). Because he has a cheerful conscience, his heart too is not disconcerted by any evil tidings (Jeremiah 49:23): it remains נכון, erect, straight and firm, without suffering itself to bend or warp; בּטח בּה, full of confidence (passive, "in the sense of a passive state after a completed action of the person himself," like זכוּר, Psalm 103:14); סמוּך, stayed in itself and established. The last two designations are taken from Isaiah 26:3, where it is the church of the last times that is spoken of. Psalm 91:8 gives us information with reference to the meaning of ראה בצריו; עד, as in Psalm 94:13, of the inevitable goal, on this side of which he remains undismayed. 2 Corinthians 9:9, where Paul makes use of Psalm 112:9 of the Psalm before us as an encouragement to Christian beneficence, shows how little the assertion "his righteousness standeth for ever" is opposed to the New Testament consciousness. פּזּר of giving away liberally and in manifold ways, as in Proverbs 11:24. רוּם, Psalm 112:9, stands in opposition to the egoistical הרים in Psalm 75:5 as a vegetative sprouting up (Psalm 132:17). The evil-doer must see this, and confounded, vex himself over it; he gnashes his teeth with the rage of envy and chagrin, and melts away, i.e., loses consistency, becomes unhinged, dies off (נמס, 3d praet. Niph. as in Exodus 16:21, pausal form of נמס equals נמס). How often has he desired the ruin of him whom he must now see in honour! The tables are turned; this and his ungodly desire in general come to nought, inasmuch as the opposite is realized. On יראה, with its self-evident object, cf. Micah 7:10. Concerning the pausal form וכעס, vid., Psalm 93:1. Hupfeld wishes to read תּקות after Psalm 9:19, Proverbs 10:28. In defence of the traditional reading, Hitzig rightly points to Proverbs 10:24 together with Proverbs 10:28.

Psalm 112:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he

2 Corinthians 9:9 (As it is written, He has dispersed abroad; he has given to the poor: his righteousness remains for ever.

dispersed

Deuteronomy 15:11 For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command you, saying, You shall open your hand wide to your brother...

Proverbs 11:24,25 There is that scatters, and yet increases; and there is that withholds more than is meet, but it tends to poverty...

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he has given will he pay him again.

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days...

Isaiah 32:8 But the liberal devises liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.

Isaiah 58:7,10 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Mark 14:7 For you have the poor with you always, and whenever you will you may do them good: but me you have not always.

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Luke 12:33 Sell that you have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that fails not...

Luke 18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one thing: sell all that you have, and distribute to the poor...

John 13:29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said to him...

Acts 4:35 And laid them down at the apostles' feet: and distribution was made to every man according as he had need.

Acts 20:35 I have showed you all things, how that so laboring you ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus...

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

2 Corinthians 8:9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor...

2 Corinthians 9:10-15 Now he that ministers seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown...

1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food...

1 John 3:16-18 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers...

righteousness

Psalm 112:3 Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endures for ever.

Deuteronomy 24:13 In any case you shall deliver him the pledge again when the sun goes down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless you...

Matthew 6:4 That your alms may be in secret: and your Father which sees in secret himself shall reward you openly.

Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When you make a dinner or a supper, call not your friends, nor your brothers...

Luke 16:9 And I say to you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when you fail...

Hebrews 6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, which you have showed toward his name...

Revelation 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous...

horn

Psalm 75:10 All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.

Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

1 Samuel 2:1,30 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoices in the LORD, my horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over my enemies...

Cross References
2 Corinthians 9:9
As it is written, "He has distributed freely, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures forever."

1 Samuel 2:1
And Hannah prayed and said, "My heart exults in the LORD; my horn is exalted in the LORD. My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in your salvation.

Psalm 37:21
The wicked borrows but does not pay back, but the righteous is generous and gives;

Psalm 75:10
All the horns of the wicked I will cut off, but the horns of the righteous shall be lifted up.

Psalm 89:17
For you are the glory of their strength; by your favor our horn is exalted.

Psalm 92:10
But you have exalted my horn like that of the wild ox; you have poured over me fresh oil.

Psalm 111:3
Full of splendor and majesty is his work, and his righteousness endures forever.

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