Psalm 112:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Light dawns in the darkness for the upright; he is gracious, merciful, and righteous.

King James Bible
Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

American Standard Version
Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: He is gracious, and merciful, and righteous.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To the righteous a light is risen up in darkness: he is merciful, and compassionate and just.

English Revised Version
Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the upright there ariseth light in darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.

Psalm 112:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

That which the poet purposes doing in Psalm 111:1, he puts into execution from Psalm 111:2 onwards. ועדה, according to Psalm 64:7; Psalm 118:14, is equivalent to ועדתם. According to Psalm 111:10, הפציהם in Psalm 111:2 apparently signifies those who find pleasure in them (the works of God); but חפצי equals חפצי (like שׂמחי, Isaiah 24:7 equals שׂמחי) is less natural than that it should be the construct form of the plural of חפץ, that occurs in three instances, and there was no need for saying that those who make the works of God the object of their research are such as interest themselves in them. We are led to the right meaning by לכל־חפצו in 1 Kings 9:11 in comparison with Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 46:10, cf. Isaiah 53:10, where חפץ signifies God's purpose in accordance with His counsel: constantly searched into, and therefore a worthy object of research (דרשׁ, root דר, to seek to know by rubbing, and in general experimentally, cf. Arab. drâ of knowledge empirically acquired) according to all their aims, i.e., in all phases of that which they have in view. In Psalm 111:4 זכר points to the festival which propagates the remembrance of the deeds of God in the Mosaic age; טרף, Psalm 111:5, therefore points to the food provided for the Exodus, and to the Passover meal, together with the feast of unleavened bread, this memorial (זכּרון, Exodus 12:14) of the exemption in faithfulness to the covenant which was experienced in Egypt. This Psalm, says Luther, looks to me as though it had been composed for the festival of Easter. Even from the time of Theodoret and Augustine the thought of the Eucharist has been connected with Psalm 111:5 in the New Testament mind; and it is not without good reason that Psalm 111:1-10 has become the Psalm of the church at the celebration of the Lord's Supper. In connection with הגּיד one is reminded of the Pesach-Haggada. The deed of redemption which it relates has a power that continues in operation; for to the church of Jahve is assigned the victory not only over the peoples of Canaan, but over the whole world. The power of Jahve's deeds, which He has made known to His people, and which they tell over again among themselves, aims at giving them the inheritance of the peoples. The works of His hands are truth and right, for they are the realization of that which is true and which lasts and verifies itself, and of that which is right, that triumphantly maintains its ground. His ordinances are נאמנים (occasionally pointed נאמנים), established, attested, in themselves and in their results authorizing a firm confidence in their salutariness (cf. Psalm 19:8). סמוּכים, supported, stayed, viz., not outwardly, but in themselves, therefore imperturbable (cf. סמוּך used of the state of mind, Psalm 112:8; Isaiah 26:3). עשׂוּים, moulded, arranged, viz., on the part of God, "in truth, and upright;" ישׂר is accusative of the predicate (cf. Psalm 119:37), but without its being clear why it is not pointed וישׁר. If we have understood Psalm 111:4-6 correctly, then פּדוּת glances back at the deliverance out of Egypt. Upon this followed the ratification of the covenant on Sinai, which still remains inviolable down to the present time of the poet, and has the holiness and terribleness of the divine Name for a guarantee of its inviolability. The fear of Jahve, this holy and terrible God, is the beginning of wisdom - the motto of the Chokma in Job (Job 28:28) and Proverbs (Proverbs 1:7; Proverbs 9:10), the Books of the Chokma. Psalm 111:10 goes on in this Proverbs-like strain: the fear of God, which manifests itself in obedience, is to those who practise them (the divine precepts, פקודים) שׂכל טּוב (Proverbs 13:15; Proverbs 3:4, cf. 2 Chronicles 30:22), a fine sagacity, praiseworthy discernment - such a (dutiful) one partakes of everlasting praise. It is true, in glancing back to Psalm 111:3, תּהלּתו seems to refer to God, but a glance forward to Psalm 112:3 shows that the praise of him who fears God is meant. The old observation therefore holds good: ubi haec ode desinit, sequens incipit (Bakius).

Psalm 112:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

there ariseth

Psalm 37:6 And he shall bring forth your righteousness as the light, and your judgment as the noonday.

Psalm 97:11 Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.

Job 11:17 And your age shall be clearer than the noonday: you shall shine forth, you shall be as the morning.

Isaiah 50:10 Who is among you that fears the LORD, that obeys the voice of his servant, that walks in darkness, and has no light?...

Isaiah 58:10 And if you draw out your soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall your light rise in obscurity...

Micah 7:8,9 Rejoice not against me, O my enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD shall be a light to me...

Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob...

John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whoever believes on me should not abide in darkness.

he is gracious

Psalm 106:1 Praise you the LORD. O give thanks to the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endures for ever.

Luke 6:36 Be you therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

2 Corinthians 8:8,9 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love...

Ephesians 4:32 And be you kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake has forgiven you.

Ephesians 5:1,2,9,15 Be you therefore followers of God, as dear children...

Colossians 3:12,13 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long-suffering...

righteous

Titus 2:11,12 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men...

1 John 2:29 If you know that he is righteous, you know that every one that does righteousness is born of him.

1 John 3:7,10 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that does righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous...

Cross References
Esther 8:16
The Jews had light and gladness and joy and honor.

Job 11:17
And your life will be brighter than the noonday; its darkness will be like the morning.

Job 22:28
You will decide on a matter, and it will be established for you, and light will shine on your ways.

Psalm 37:26
He is ever lending generously, and his children become a blessing.

Psalm 97:11
Light is sown for the righteous, and joy for the upright in heart.

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